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Correspondence
Published: 2016-09-07

Redescription of the poorly known crab spider Xysticus spasskyi (Araneae: Thomisidae)

Institute for Biological Problems, of the North, FEB RAS, Portovaya Street 18, Magadan 685000, Russia. Department of Zoology & Entomology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein 9300, South Africa Zoological Museum, University of Turku, Turku 20014, Finland
Laboratory of Systematics of Invertebrate Animals, Institute of Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Frunze Street 11, Novosibirsk 630091, Russia.
Araneae Thomisidae

Abstract

With 372 species, Xysticus C.L. Koch, 1835 is the largest genus in the family Thomisidae (WSC 2016). As with other speciose genera, the genus has never been revised on a global scale and is only thoroughly known in a few parts of the Holarctic, namely Central and Northern Europe, North America, Israel and Japan. Over 200 species are known from one/two taxonomic references only, or from a single illustrated description/redescription (WSC 2016). The fact that 40% of species are known from only one sex (104 females and 54 males) or from juveniles (8 species) (WSC 2016) suggests that Xysticus requires revision. During a study of crab spiders of the Caucasus, we experienced difficulties in identifying Xysticus spasskyi Utochkin, 1968 due to the lack of detailed figures of the male palp and female epigyne. This species was based on the holotype female collected from an unspecified locality in the coastal part of modern Kransnodar Province (Utochkin 1968). The male of X. spasskyi was described as X. umbrinus Utochkin, 1968 from Kuban' Region (currently Krasnodar Province). The two species were synonymised by Ovtsharenko (1979). Besides Krasnodar Province, the species has been reported from North Ossetia (Ponomarev & Komarov 2013) and South Ossetia (Ponomarev & Komarov 2015), Georgia, Azerbaijan and the Crimea (Mikhailov 2013; Otto 2015). The illustrations in the descriptions of Utochkin (1968) and Ovtsharenko (1979), are either very small, schematic or provide no diagnostic details. The endogyne (=vulva) of this species has never been illustrated. Here we redescribe this species and compare distant populations.

 

References

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How to Cite

MARUSIK, Y. M., & AZARKINA, G. N. (2016). Redescription of the poorly known crab spider <em>Xysticus</em> <em>spasskyi</em> (Araneae: Thomisidae). Zootaxa, 4161(4), 561–566. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4161.4.7