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Article
Published: 2016-06-30

A new species of the Craugastor podiciferus species group (Anura: Craugastoridae) from the premontane forest of southwestern Costa Rica

Departamento de Zoología, Instituto de Biología, UNAM, AP 70-153 Ciudad Universitaria, CP 04510, México, D.F., México Posgrado en Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Av. Ciudad Universitaria 3000, C.P. 04360, Coyoacán, Distrito Federal, México
Escuela de Biología, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Pedro, 11501-2060 San José, Costa Rica
Departament of Biological Sciences, Universidad de los Andes, A.A. 4976 Bogotá, Colombia Círculo Herpetológico de Panamá, Apartado 0824-00122, Panama City, Republic of Panama Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Apartado 0843-03092, Panama City, Republic of Panama
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ANDREW J. CRAWFORD

GABRIELA PARRA-OLEA
Departamento de Zoología, Instituto de Biología, UNAM, AP 70-153 Ciudad Universitaria, CP 04510, México, D.F., México
Amphibia Brachycephaloidea Costa Rica Craugastor gabbi sp. nov. Craugastor stejnegerianus cryptic species Panama taxonomy Terrarana

Abstract

In this report, we describe a new species of the Craugastor podiciferus species group from the premontane forest of the Pacific versant along the Costa Rican-Panamanian border. Mitochondrial DNA and karyotype analyses previously showed a marked genetic divergence between populations of the premontane forest of the Fila Costeña and the lowlands South Pacific Costa Rica near Panama. Analyses of the mitochondrial DNA sequences and the morphological variation revealed significant differences between the populations of the premontane forest relative to the other populations of C. stejnegerianus, including the type locality. We recognize these premontane populations as a new species and show that they differ from the typical C. stejnegerianus in the coloration of the venter, the head and the body proportions, and mtDNA divergence. With the addition of this new species, the C. podiciferus species group now contains nine species.

 

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How to Cite

ARIAS, E., CHAVESCHAVES, G., CRAWFORD, A. J., & PARRA-OLEA, G. (2016). A new species of the <em>Craugastor</em> <em>podiciferus</em> species group (Anura: Craugastoridae) from the premontane forest of southwestern Costa Rica. Zootaxa, 4132(3), 347–363. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4132.3.3