Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2016-06-16

Amnestus mendeli sp. n., the first burrower bug species (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae) recorded on Ascension Island, central Atlantic Ocean

Center for Biodiversity Studies, Department of Biosystematics, Opole University, Oleska 22, 45-052 Opole, Poland
Laboratory of Invertebrate Zoology, Department of Biosystematics, Opole University, Oleska 22, 45-052 Opole, Poland
Hemiptera Amnestinae new species introduced species endemic species British Overseas Territory Ascension Island

Abstract

A new species of the genus Amnestus Dallas, 1851, Amnestus mendeli, is described from the cloud zone of Green Mountain, Ascension Island, and compared with its closest relatives, the Brazilian Amnestus lenkoi Froeschner, 1975 and Amnestus pequinus Froeschner, 1975. It is the first representative of the family Cydnidae recorded on the island thus far. The species is presumed to be an introduction from the Americas, but the hypothesis that it might be endemic to Ascension Island is also not excluded.

 

References

  1. Ashmole, N.P. & Ashmole, M.J. (1997) The land fauna of Ascension Island: new data from caves and lava flows, and a reconstruction of the prehistoric ecosystem. Journal of Biogeography, 24, 549–589.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.1997.tb00070.x

    Ashmole, P. & Ashmole, M. (2000) St Helena and Ascension Island: a natural history. Anthony Neslson, Oswestry, UK, 492 pp.

    Carneiro de Mendonça, F. & C’Erqueira, N.L. (1947) Insects and other arthropods captured by the Brazilian Sanitary Service on landplanes or seaplanes arriving in Brazil between January 1942 and December 1945. Boletín de la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana, 26, 22–30.

    Caton, B.P., Dobbs, T.T. & Brodel, C.F. (2006) Arrivals of hitchhiking insect pests on international cargo aircraft at Miami International Airport. Biological Invasions, 8, 765–785.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10530-005-3736-x

    Cornelis, M. & Coscarón, M. (2013) The Nabidae (Insecta, Hemiptera, Heteroptera) of Argentina. ZooKeys, 333, 1–30.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.333.5084

    Doggett, S.L., Dwyer, D.E., Peñas, P.F. & Russell, R.C. (2012) Bed bug clinical relevance and control options. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 25, 164–192.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/CMR.05015-11

    Davis, D.R. & Mendel, H. (2013) The genus Erechthias Meyrick of Ascension Island, including discovery of a new brachypterous species (Lepidoptera, Tineidae). ZooKeys, 341, 1–20.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.341.6146

    Duffey, E. (1964) The terrestrial ecology of Ascension Island. Journal of Applied Ecology, 1, 219–251.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2401310

    Eger, J.E. Jr. & Dobbs, T.T. (2010) Mecidea longula Stål (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae: Pentatominae: Mecideini) is established in south Florida. Insecta Mundi, 0109, 1–5.

    Froeschner, R.C. (1960) Cydnidae of the Western Hemisphere. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 111, 337–680.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.5479/si.00963801.111-3430.337

    Froeschner, R.C. (1975) Three new species of burrowing bugs found in associations with ants in Brazil (Hemiptera: Cydnidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 48, 105–110.

    Glick, P.A. (1939) The distribution of insects, spiders, and mites in the air. United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., Technical Bulletin, 673, 1–150.

    Hradil, K., Kment, P. & Roháčová, M. (2007) New records of Liorhyssus hyalinus (Heteroptera: Rhopalidae) in the Czech Republic, with a review of its worldwide distribution and biology. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae, 92, 53–107.

    Kerzhner, I. (2007) Nabidae of the West Indies (Heteroptera). Zoosystematica Rossica, 16, 225–234.

    Lemay, A.V. & Meissner, E. (2008) Likelihood of Hitchhiker Pests Being Moved into and within the Greater Caribbean Region. Proceedings of the Caribbean Food Crops Society, 44, 634–637.

    Linnavuori, R.E. (1993) Cydnidae of west, central and north-east Africa (Heteroptera). Acta Zoologica Fennica, 192, 1–148.

    Lis, J.A. (1996) Some taxonomic changes in Afrotropical Cydnidae and new records for eight species of the family (Hemiptera, Heteroptera). Revue Francaise d'Entomologie (Nouvelle Série), 18, 99–102.

    Lis, J.A. (1998) Amnestus raunoi n. sp. from Iran, the first Old World representative or the New World subfamily Amnestinae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae). Entomologica Fennica, 9, 5–7.

    Lis, J.A. (1999) Burrower bugs of the Old World – a catalogue (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae). Genus (Wrocław), 10, 165–249.

    Lis, J.A. (2013) Family Cydnidae Billberg, 1820. In: Gerlach, J. (Ed.), Hemiptera, Hymenoptera and other insects of the Seychelles islands. Siri Scientific Press, Manchester, pp. 132–135.

    Mayorga, C. & Cervantes, L. (2014) The genus Amnestus Dallas (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae: Amnestinae) in Mexico, with the description of eleven new species from Chiapas. Zootaxa, 3779 (4), 401–432.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3779.4.1

    Mayorga, C., Cervantes, L. & Lis, J.A. (2012) Amnestus raunoi J.A. Lis, the only representative of the Amnestinae in the Old World: a synonym of Amnestus pusillus Uhler (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae). Zootaxa, 3445, 67–68.

    Meissner, H., Lemay, A., Bertone Ch., Schwartzburg, K., Ferguson, L., Newton, L. (2009) Evaluation of pathways for exotic plant pest movement into and within the Greater Caribbean region. United States Department of Agriculture, Caribbean Invasive Species Working Group, Center for Plant Health Science and Technology, Plant Epidemiology and Risk Analysis Laboratory, Raleigh, NC, 267 pp. Available from: http://caribbean-doc.ncsu.edu/documents/Caribbean_Pathway_Analysis
    _Report.pdf (Accessed on 3 March 2016)

    Peck, S.B. (1994) Aerial dispersal of insects between and to islands in the Galápagos archipelago, Ecuador. Annals of the American Entomology Society, 87, 218–224.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aesa/87.2.218

    Rainwater, H.I. (1963) Agricultural Insect Pest Hitchhikers on Aircraft. Proceeding of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 18, 303–309.

    Schmitz, G. (1976) La faune terrestre de l'île de Sainte-Hélène, Troisième partie. 3. Fam. Cydnidae. Annales du Musee Royal d'Afrique Central, ser. 8, Sciences Zoologiques, 215, 353–367.

    Usinger, R.L. (1966) Monograph of Cimicidae (Hemiptera-Heteroptera). Thomas Say Foundation, vol. 7. Entomological Society of America, Lanham, MD, 585 pp.

    Wilkinson, D.M. (2004) The parable of Green Mountain: Ascension Island, ecosystem construction and ecological fitting. Journal of Biogeography, 31, 1–4.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.0305-0270.2003.01010.x

How to Cite

LIS, J. A., & LIS, B. (2016). <em>Amnestus mendeli</em> sp. n., the first burrower bug species (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Cydnidae) recorded on Ascension Island, central Atlantic Ocean. Zootaxa, 4126(1), 115–122. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4126.1.6