Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2016-03-30

First Record Of The Order Mecoptera (Insecta) For The Gorgona Island (Colombia), With The Description Of A New Species

Universidad del Valle. Departamento de Biología. Apartado Aéreo 25360. Cali, Colombia
Universidad del Valle. Departamento de Biología. Apartado Aéreo 25360. Cali, Colombia
Universidad del Valle. Departamento de Biología. Apartado Aéreo 25360. Cali, Colombia
Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University, College Station, USA
Mecoptera Hanging flies tropical rainforest Gorgona Island Cauca

Abstract

During a review of material from the project “Assessment of the current status of the faunistic conservation objects from the Gorgona Island: a holistic approach to the ecological evaluation of the Gorgona Natural National Park”, conducted 2010‒2011, a male specimen of Pazius Navás, 1913 (Mecoptera: Bittacidae) was found. The genus had been previously recorded in Colombia in the Amazonas and Cundinamarca departments. The specimen described here differs from other species of Pazius by the absence of the aedeagus ventral process, the presence of seven short dorsal spines at the epandrium and shape of the ventral process. This finding represents the first record of the order Mecoptera for Gorgona Island, a new species of Pazius, and the expansion of the genus distribution in Colombia. A detailed morphological description of Pazius gorgonensis n. sp. and an identification key for species of the genus are presented.

 

References

  1. Barrows, E.M. & Flint, O. (2009) Mecopteran (Mecoptera: Bittacidae, Meropeidae, Panorpidae) flight periods, sex ratios, and habitat frequencies in a United States Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Tidal Marsh, low forest, and their ecotone. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 82 (3), 223–230.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.2317/JKES0807.15.1

    Byers, G.W. (1957) The neotropical genus Pazius (Mecoptera: Bittacidae). Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, 582, 1–7.

    Byers, G.W. (1977) Revision of the genus Pazius (Mecoptera: Bittacidae). Revista de Biología Tropical, 25, 109–121.

    Byers, G.W. & Florez, E. (1995) Two new species of Bittacidae (Mecoptera) from the Amazon forest of Southern Colombia. Tropical Zoology, 8, 153–158.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03946975.1995.10539276

    Byers, G.W. & Roggero, R.J. (1992) Hanging–flies of Panama (Mecoptera: Bittacidae). In: Quintero, D. & Aiello, A. (Eds.), Insects of Panama and Mesoamerica: selected studies. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 594–599.

    Byers, G.W. & Thornhill, R. (1983) Biology of the Mecoptera. Annual Review of Entomology, 28, 203–228.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.en.28.010183.001223

    Contreras-Ramos, A., Sarmiento-Cordero, M. & Penny, N.D. (2014) Biodiversidad de Mecoptera en México. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad, Suplemeto, 85, 339–344.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.7550/rmb.35747

    García A., Angarita, A. & Arango, C. (2009) Nueva especie de moscas colgantes (Mecoptera: Bittacidae) para el mundo. En: Resúmenes XXXVI Congreso Sociedad Colombiana de Entomología. Medellin – Colombia. Alex Enrique Bustillo Pardey, Compilador.

    Giraldo, A., Diazgranados, M. & Gutiérez-Landázuri, C. (2015) Isla Gorgona, enclave estratégico para los esfuerzos de conservación en el Pacífico Oriental Tropical. Revista de Biología Tropical, 62 (Supplement 1), 1–12.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.15517/rbt.v62i0.15975

    Machado, R.J.P., Godoi, F.S.P. & Rafael, A.J. (2009) Neotropical Mecoptera (Insecta): new generic synonymies, new combinations, key to families and genera, and checklist of species. Zootaxa, 2148, 27–38.

    Machado, R.J.P., Kawada, R. & Rafael, J.A. (2013) New continental record and new species of Austromerope (Mecoptera, Meropeidae) from Brazil. ZooKeys, 269, 51–65.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.269.4255

    Myers, N., Mittermeier, R.A., Mittermeier, C.G., Da Fonseca, G.A.B. & Kent, J. (2000) Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature, 403, 853–858.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/35002501

    Penny, N.D. (1977) Two new species of Bittacidae (Mecoptera) from the Amazon Basin. Acta Amazonica, 7 (3), 423–427.

    Rodríguez, W., Flórez, E. & Alfonso, O. (2009) Un nuevo e inusual registro de “moscas colgantes” para Colombia (Mecoptera, Bittacidae). Revista Colombiana de Entomología, 35 (2), 288–288.

    Thornhill, R. (1977) The comparative predatory and sexual behavior of hanging flies (Mecoptera: Bittacidae). Occasional Papers of the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, 667, 1–43.

    Triplehorn, C.A. & Johnson, N.F. (2005) Borror and DeLong’s introduction to the study of insects, 7th ed. Thomson Brooks, Cole, Belmont, California, 864 pp.