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Articles
Published: 2012-09-07

Comparative analysis and taxonomic use of the morphology of immature stages and natural history traits in European species of Pyrgus Hübner (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae, Pyrginae)

Departamento de Biología (Zoología), Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, C/ Darwin, 2, ES-28049 Madrid, Spain
Departamento de Biología (Zoología), Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, C/ Darwin, 2, ES-28049 Madrid, Spain
Am Schönblick, 30, D-73527 Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany
Institut de Biologia Evolutiva (CSIC-UPF), Passeig Marítim de la Barceloneta, 37-49, E-08003 Barcelona, Spain
Lepidoptera Hesperiidae Pyrgus cladistic analysis immature stages morphology parasitoids foodplants taxonomy Europe

Abstract

The biology and ecology of the European species of the genus Pyrgus Hübner are revised and novel records on theirfoodplants, parasitoids and immature stages are provided. The DNA barcoding technique was used in some cases for theidentification of eggs or larvae, showing the effective use of this tool for a species level characterization within the genus.We thoroughly describe morphological details from the eggs, last instar larvae and pupae using scanning electronmicroscope images. With the studied morphological and ecological characters we performed a cladistic analysis whoseresults are highly coincident with classifications based on adult morphology. Therefore, the characters of immature stagesprove to be valuable for the taxonomical study of the genus. Our results point out the possibility of combining the studiedcharacters, not only among them, but also with other datasets (adult morphology, molecular characters) in order to infer phylogenetic relationships within the genus Pyrgus.

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