Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Articles
Published: 2010-03-01

World revision of the wasp genus Liosphex Townes, 1977 (Hymenoptera: Rhopalosomatidae)

Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung an der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Invalidenstraße 43, D-10115 Berlin, Germany
Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung an der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Invalidenstraße 43, D-10115 Berlin, Germany
Hymenoptera Rhopalosomatidae Liosphex new species taxonomy Argentina Brazil Colombia Costa Rica Ecuador El Salvador Indonesia Malaysia Mexico Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines USA Nearctic Neotropics Oriental

Abstract

The wasp genus Liosphex Townes 1977 is revised and twelve new species are described: Liosphex achuar sp. nov. (Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama and Peru), L. atratus sp. nov. (Costa Rica and Mexico), L. boreus sp. nov. (Mexico, Kentucky and Mississippi, USA), L. bribri sp. nov. (Costa Rica, Panama and Peru), L. darien sp. nov. (Panama), L. guanabara sp. nov. (Brazil), L. guarani sp. nov. (Brazil and Argentina), L. longicornis sp. nov. (Costa Rica), L. maleku sp. nov. (Costa Rica and Mexico), L. micropterus sp. nov. (southern Brazil and Paraguay), L. quechua sp. nov. (Peru), and L. tupi sp. nov. (Brazil). The male of L. trichopleurum Townes, 1977 is described for the first time. A redescription of L. varius Townes, 1977, including new diagnostic characters, is provided since the original description was based on a heterogeneous type series of specimens from different species. The revision includes images of all fourteen species, illustrations of the main diagnostic characters, an identification key to species and distribution maps for all species.

References

  1. Alexander, R.D. & Otte, D. (1967) Cannibalism during copulation in the brown bush cricket Hapithus agitator (Gryllidae). The Florida Entomologist, 50 (2), 79–87.

    Arnett, R.H. (2000) American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico. 2nd Edition; CRC Press LLC.

    Arnett, R.H., Samuelson, G.A. & Nishida, G.M. (1993) The Insect and Spider collections of the World. 2nd Edition; Gainesville: Sandhill Crane Press.

    Basibuyuk, H.H., Quicke, D.L.J., Rasnitsyn, A.P. & Fitton, M.G. (2000) Morphology and sensilla of the orbicula, a sclerite between the tarsal claws, in the Hymenoptera. Annals of the American Entomological Society, 93, 625–636.

    Bohart, R.M. (1948) The red Stenodynerus of Florida (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). Florida Entomologist, 31, 71–80.

    Bohart, R.M. (1997) A review of the genus Hoplisoides Gribodo (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae: Gorytini) in North America. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 99, 645–660.

    Brothers, D.J. (1975) Phylogeny and classification of the aculeate hymenoptera, with special reference to Mutillidae. The University of Kansas Science Bulletin, 50 (11), 483–648.

    Brothers, D.J. & Carpenter, J.M. (1993) Phylogeny of Aculeata. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 2, 227–302.

    Brothers, D.J. (1999) Phylogeny and evolution of wasps, ants and bees (Hymenoptera, Chrysoidea, Vespoidea and Apoidea). Zoologica Scripta, 28 (1–2), 233–249.

    Cambra, T. (2005) Nuevos registros de avispas Apoidea y Vespoidea (Insecta : Hymenoptera) para Panamá. Tecnociencia, 7 (2), 95–108.

    Coronado Blanco, J.M. & Cancino, E.R. (2002) Registro de Rhopalosoma Simile Brues (Hymenoptera: Rhopalosomatidae) para el estado de Tamaulipas, Mexico. Acta Zoologica Mexicana (n. s.) 86, 243–244.

    Darling, D.C. & Sharkey, M.J. (1990) Order Hymenoptera in D. A. Grimaldi (ed.), 1990. Insects from the Santana Formation, Lower Cretaceous, of Brazil. Bulletin of the American Museum of Naturel History, 195, 209–229.

    Day, M.C. (1988) Spider Wasps – Hymenoptera: Pompilidae. In: Dolling W. R. & Askew R. R. (eds.). Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects, Vol. 6, Part 4. Royal Entomological Society of London, 1988.

    Deyrup, M. & Eisner, T. (2003) Red and black coloration in Florida Hymenoptera. Southeastern Naturalist, 2 (4), 511–522.

    Diepenbroek, M., Grobe, H. & Sieger, R. (2000) PanMap, http://www.pangaea.de/Software/PanMap.

    Dlussky, G.M. & Rasnitsyn, A.P. (1999) Two new aculeate hymenopterans (Vespida = Hymenoptera) from the Middle Eocene of United States. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal, 5, 72–75 (in Russian; English translation in Paleontological Journal, 33 (5), 546–549).

    Engel, M.S. (2008) The wasp family Rhopalosomatidae in Mid-Cretaceous amber from Myanmar (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea). Journal of the Kansa--s Entomological Society, 81 (3), 168–174.

    Fernández, F. & Sarmiento-M., C.E. (2002) A new species of Olixon Cameron and two new records of Rhopalosomatidae (Hymenoptera) from Colombia. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 110 (3–4), 365–369.

    Freytag, P. (1984) Rhopalosoma nearctium Brues in Kentucky. Transactions of the Kentucky Academy of Science, 45 (1–2), 74–75.

    Gauld, I.D. (1995) Rhopalosomatidae (Chapter 14.6). In: Hanson, P. E. & Gauld I. D. (eds.): The Hymenoptera of Costa Rica. Oxford University Press, New York, 1995.

    Gauld, I.D. (2006) Rhopalosomatidae (Chapter 14.6). In: Hanson, P. E. & Gauld I. D. (eds.): Hymenoptera de la Región Neotropical. The American Entomological Institute, Gainesville, 2006.

    Guidotti, A.E. (1999) Systematics of little known parasitic wasps of the family Rhopalosomatidae (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea). M.Sc. Thesis, University of Toronto, Canada. x + 124pp.

    Guidotti, A.E. (2007) A revision of the wasp genus Paniscomima (Hymenoptera: Rhopalosomatidae) and a proposal of phylogenetic relationships among species. Invertebrate Systematics, 21, 297–309.

    Gurney, A.B. (1953) Notes on the biology and Immature stages of a cricket parasite of the genus Rhopalosoma. Proceedings of the United National Museum, 103, 19–34.

    Hood, J.D. (1913) Notes on the life history of Rhopalosoma poeyi Cresson. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 15, 145–148.

    Huber, J.T. & Sharkey, M.J. (1993) Chapter 3. Structure. In: Goulet, H. & Huber, J. T. (eds.): Hymenoptera of the world: An identification guide to families. Agriculture Canada, Research branch, Publication 1894/E, 1993, vii + 668 pp.

    Königsmann, E. (1978) Das phylogenetische System der Hymenoptera. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift, 25 (IV–V), 365–435.

    Krogmann, L., Austin, A.D. & Naumann, I.D. (2009) Systematics and biogeography of Australian rhopalosomatid wasps (Hymenoptera: Rhopalosomatidae) with a global synopsis of Olixon Cameron. Systematic Entomology, 34, 222–251.

    Lanham, U.N. (1951) Review of the wing venation of the higher Hymenoptera (Suborder Clistogastra), and speculations on the phylogeny of the Hymenoptera. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 44, 614–628.

    Lohrmann, V. & Ohl, M. (2007) The wasp genus Olixon Cameron in Madagascar: first record and description of two new species (Hymenoptera: Rhopalosomatidae). Zootaxa, 1465, 39–46.

    Lohrmann, V. & Ohl, M. (2009) Taxonomie und Biogeographie der Wespen-Gattung Liosphex (Hymenoptera: Rhopalosomatidae) – Wie variabel ist Liosphex varius? Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für allgemeine und angewandte Entomologie, 17, 277–280.

    MacGown, M. (1998) Mississippi Hymenopterist 1: Rhopalosomatidae of Mississippi. (accessed: September 10th, 2009). http://www.entomology.msstate.edu/resources/other-links/matt/mshyms/rhopalo-ms.html

    Mason, W.R.M. (1984) Standard drawing conventions and definitions for venational and other features of wings of Hymenoptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 88 (1), 1–7.

    Perkins, R.C.L. (1908) Some remarkable Australian Hymenoptera. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society, 2 (1), 27–35.

    Pilgrim, E.M., von Dohlen, C.D. & Pitts, J.P. (2008) Molecular phylogenetics of Vespoidea indicate paraphyly of the superfamily and novel relationships of its component families and subfamilies. Zoologica Scripta, 37 (5), 539–560.

    Poole, R.W. (1996) Nomina Insecta Nearctica. A checklist of the Insects of North America. Vol. 2: Hymenoptera, Mecoptera, Megaloptera, Neuroptera, Raphidiotera, Trichoptera. Entomological Information Services, Rockville, MD, USA.

    Rasmussen, C. & Asenjo, A. (2009) A checklist to the wasps of Peru (Hymenoptera, Aculeata). ZooKeys, 15, 1–78.

    Ross, H.H. (1936) The ancestry and the wing venation of the Hymenoptera. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 29, 99–111.

    Sarmiento, C.E. (2006) Familia Rhopalosomatidae (Capítulo 48). In: Fernández, F. & Sharkey, M. J. (eds.): Introdución a los Hymenoptera de la Región Neotropical. Sociedad Colombian de Entomología y Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá D. C., 2006, xxx + 894 pp.

    Schulmeister, S. (2003) Morphology and evolution of the tarsal plantulae in Hymenoptera (Insecta), focusing on the basal lineages. Zoologica Scripta, 32, 153–172.

    Stange, L.A. (1991) The Rhopalosomatidae of Florida. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry, Entomology Circular, 341, 2 pp.

    Townes, H. (1977) A revision of the Rhopalosomatidae (Hymenoptera). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute, 15 (1), 1–34.