Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2009-06-01

Two new species of shrub frogs (Rhacophoridae: Philautus) from the lowlands of Sri Lanka

Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge MA 02138, USA Wildlife Heritage Trust (WHT), P.O. Box 66, Mt Lavinia, Sri Lanka
Wildlife Heritage Trust (WHT), P.O. Box 66, Mt Lavinia, Sri Lanka
Wildlife Heritage Trust (WHT), P.O. Box 66, Mt Lavinia, Sri Lanka
Amphibia Rhacophorinae taxonomy molecular systematics new species conservation

Abstract

Two new species of Sri Lankan frogs of the genus Philautus are described. Species diagnoses are based on morphology, morphometrics and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Philautus tanu sp. nov. inhabits shrubs in open areas of the lowland wet zone, while P. singu sp. nov. is found on shrubs in the understory of lowland and mid-elevation rainforests. These descriptions bring the total number of valid Sri Lankan Philautus to 65 species, of which 46 are extant.

References

  1. Bradley, R. D. & Baker, R. J. (2001) A test of the genetic species concept: Cytochrome-b sequences and mammals. Journal of Mammalogy, 82, 960–973.

    Bossuyt, F. & Milinkovitch, M. C. (2000) Convergent adaptive radiation in Madagascan and Asian Ranid frogs reveal covariation between larval and adult traits. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 97, 6585–6590.

    Bossuyt F., Meegaskumbura, M., Beenaerts, N., Gower, D. J., Pethiyagoda, R., Roelants, K., Mannaert, A., Wilkinson, M., Bahir, M. M., Manamendra-Arachchi, K., Ng, P.K.L., Schneider, C.J., Oommen, O.V. & Milinkovitch, M.C. (2004) Local endemism within the western Ghats-Sri Lanka Biodiversity hotspot. Science, 306, 479–481.

    de Queiroz, K. (1998) The General Lineage Concept of species. In: Howard, D. J. & Berlocher. S. H. (Eds.), Endless forms: species and speciation. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 57–75.

    Huelsenbeck, J. P. & Ronquist, F. (2001) MRBAYES: Bayesian inference of phylogenetic trees. Bioinformatics, 17, 754–755.

    Huelsenbeck, J. P., F. Ronquist, R. Neilsen & Bollback, J. P. (2001) Bayesian inference of phylogeny and its impact on evolutionary biology. Science, 294: 2310–2314.

    Johns, G.C. & Avise, J.C. (1998) A comparative summary of genetic distances in the vertebrates from the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 15, 1481–1490.

    Manamendra-Arachchi, K. & Pethiyagoda, R. (2005) The Sri Lankan shrub frogs of the genus Philautus Gistel, 1848 (Ranidae: Rhacophorinae), with description of 27 new species. In: Yeo, C. J., Ng, P. K. L. & Pethiyagoda, R. (Ed.), Contributions to biodiversity exploration and research in Sri Lanka. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement 12, 163–303.

    Manamendra-Arachchi, K. & Pethiyagoda, R. (2006) Sri Lankan amphibians [in Sinhala]. WHT Publications, Colombo, 440 pp., 88 pl.

    Meegaskumbura, M., F. Bossuyt, R. Pethiyagoda, K. Manamendra-Ararchchi, M. Bahir, M. C. Milinkovitch & Schneider, C. J. (2002) Sri Lanka: an amphibian hotspot. Science, 298, 379.

    Meegaskumbura M. & Manamendra-Arachchi K. (2005) Description of eight new species of shrub frogs (Ranidae: Rhacophorinae: Philautus) from Sri Lanka. In: Yeo, C. J., Ng, P. K. L. & Pethiyagoda, R. (Ed.), Contributions to biodiversity exploration and research in Sri Lanka. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement 12, 305–338.

    Meegaskumbura, M., Manamendra-Arachchi, K., Schneider, C. J. & Pethiyagoda, R. (2007) New species amongst Sri Lanka’s extinct shrub frogs. Zootaxa, 1397, 1–15.

    Fouquet, A., Gilles, A., Vences, M., Marty, C., M. Blanc & Gemmell, N. J. (2007) Underestimation of species richness in Neotropical frogs revealed by mtDNA analysis. PLoS ONE 2(10): e1109. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001109.

    Rambaut, A. (1996) Se-Al: Sequence Alignment Editor. Available at http://tree.bio.ed.ac.uk/software/seal/

    Swofford, D. L. (2002) PAUP, phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (and other methods), v. 4b10. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.

    Vences, M., Thomas, M., Bonett, R. M. & Vieites, D. R. (2005) Deciphering amphibian diversity through DNA barcoding: chances and challenges. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, B, 360, 1462 1859-1868.

    Vences, M., Thomas, M., Van der Meijden, A., Y. Chiari & Vieites, D. R. (2005) Comparative performance of the 16s rRNA gene in DNA barcoding of amphibians. Frontiers in Zoology, 360, 1859-1868.

How to Cite

MEEGASKUMBURA, M., MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI, K., & PETHIYAGODA, R. (2009). Two new species of shrub frogs (Rhacophoridae: <em>Philautus</em>) from the lowlands of Sri Lanka. Zootaxa, 2122(1), 51–68. https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.2122.1.2