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Monograph
Published: 2008-03-31

Catalogue of the Stick and Leaf-insects (Phasmatodea) of China, with a faunistic analysis, review of recent ecological and biological studies and bibliography (Insecta: Orthoptera: Phasmatodea)

Kirchdell 24, 67661 KL-Hohenecken, Germany
Goldbachweg 24, 87538 Bolsterlang, Germany
P.O. Box 4680, Chongqing 400015, China
Orthoptera Phasmatodea China catalogue type-depositories new combinations new synonyms biogeography biology ecology bibliography

Abstract

A complete taxonomic catalogue of the Stick and Leaf-insects (Phasmatodea) recorded or described from the mainland China (excluding Taiwan) is presented. 241 valid species are listed, which are currently attributed to 50 genera, 5 families and 7 subfamilies. Genera and species are listed alphabetically. All available type-data is provided based mainly on literary sources for species described by Chinese workers from 1986 to 2006, including documented depository of typespecimens. The catalogue therefore also provides complete lists of the type-material of Phasmatodea housed in the following Chinese institutions: Administration of Baishuijiang Natural Reserve (ABNR), Beijing Forestry University, Beijing (BFU), China Agricultural University, Beijing (CAU), Geological Museum of China, Beijing (GMC), Inca Science Ltd., Chongqing (INCA), Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (IZCAS), Department of Biology, Nankai University, Tianjin (NKU), Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry, Shaanxi (NWAU), Institute of Zoology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an (SNU), Institute of Entomology, Sun Yat-sen University (ICRI), Shanghai Institute of Entomology, Academia Sinica, Shanghai (SIES), Tianjin Natural History Museum, Tianjin (TMNH), Zhejiang Museum of Natural History, Hangzhou (ZMNH). The known distribution of each species, inmeans of provinces is provided as well. 14 species are shown to have been recorded from China in error, several of these based on misidentifications. The “Phasmatodea-like” fossil taxa described from the Late Jurassic Yixian Formation of North Hebei and West Liaoning are listed in a separate section. Two new generic synonyms are recognized: Arthminotus Bi, 1995 synonymised with Lopaphus Westwood, 1859 (n. syn.) and Dianphasma Chen & He, 1997 synonymised with Parasosibia Redtenbacher, 1908 (n. syn.). The genus Linocerus Gray, 1835 (Type-species: Linocerus gracilis Gray, 1835) was erroneously synonymised with the mediterranean Bacillus St. Fargeau & Audinet-Serville, 1825 and is here re-established in Phasmatidae: Pachymorphinae: Gratidiini (rev. stat.). Relationship to Clonaria Stål, 1875 (= Gratidia Stål, 1875, = Paraclonaria Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893), Sceptrophasma Brock & Seow-Choen, 2000 and Macellina Uvarov, 1940 is obvious. 21 species are transferred to other genera (new combinations): Asceles dilatatus Chen & He, 2004 and Asceles quadriguttatus Chen & He, 1996 to Pachyscia Redtenbacher, 1908, Arthminotus sinensis Bi, 1995 to Lopaphus Westwood, 1859, Baculum dolichocercatum Bi & Wang, 1998 and Baculum politum Chen & He, 1997 to Medauroidea Zompro, 1999, Dixippus hainanensis Chen & He, 2002, Dixippus huapingensis Bi & Li, 1991, Dixippus nigroantennatus Chen & He, 2002, Dixippus parvus Chen & He, 2002 and Entoria bobaiensis Chen, 1986 to Lonchodes Gray, 1835, Sipyloidea obvius Chen & He, 1995 to Sinophasma Günther, 1940, Paramyronides biconiferus Bi, 1993, Paramyronides leishanensis Bi, 1992, Lonchodes chinensis Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907, Lonchodes confucius Westwood, 1859 and Phasgania glabra Günther, 1940 to Phraortes Stål, 1875, Gratidia bituberculata Redtenbacher, 1889 and Leptynia xinganensis Chen & He, 1993 to Sceptrophasma Brock & Seow-Choen, 2002, Prosentoria bannaensis Chen & He, 1997 to Paraentoria Chen & He, 1997, and Mantis squeleton Olivier, 1792 to Phanocloidea Zompro, 2002. Acrophylla sichuanensis Chen & He, 2001 remains of unknown generic assignment, but is shown to be not a member of the Australian genus Acrophylla Gray, 1835. Furthermore, as Baculum Saussure, 1861 is a neotropical genus and most Old World species previously attributed to this genus are now listed in Ramulus Saussure, 1861, all Chinese species described in Baculum Saussure are consequently transferred to Ramulus Saussure. Other changes of specific placements are based on published literature and concern to the following three synonymies not recognized by Chinese workers: Abrosoma Redtenbacher, 1906 (= Prosceles Uvarov, 1940), Necroscia Audinet-Serville, 1838 (= Aruanoidea Redtenbacher, 1908), Lopaphus Westwood, 1859 (= Paramyronides Redtenbacher, 1908). Megalophasma Bi, 1995 is transferred from Necrosciinae to Lonchodinae. Four lectotypes are designated and three new specific synonyms revealed. A lectotype is designated for Rhamphophasma modestus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893, the type-species of Rhamphophasma Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893, in order to fix this genus and species. The male paralectotype is shown to be a male of Parapachymorpha nigra Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893, the type-species of Parapachymorpha Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1893. Clitumnus porrectus Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907 is synonymised with Bacillus ? artemis Westwood, 1859 and a lectotype designated for the former (n. syn.). A lectotype is designated for Oxyartes lamellatus Kirby, 1904 in order to fix this taxon and confirm the synonymy established by Dohrn, 1910 (= Oxyartes honestus Redtenbacher, 1908, = Oxyartes spinosissimus Carl, 1913). Paracentema stephanus Redtenbacher, 1908 is shown to have been erroneously synonymised with Neohirasea japonica (de Haan, 1842) and here synonymised with Neohirasea maerens (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1907) (n. syn.). In order to fix this new synonymy a lectotype is designated for Paracentema stephanus Redtenbacher, 1908. Finally, a biogeographic analysis of the Chinese phasmid fauna is presented. This includes brief background information on the topography and biogeography of China along with maps showing the seven zoogeographical subregions currently recognized as well as the 4 municipalities, 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions and 2 special administrative regions of China. A summary of the taxonomic compilation of the fauna is provided and its relationships with neighbouring regions, of both the Palaearctic and Oriental realms, are discussed. A study is presented on the distribution of the taxa and species densities of each province / autonomous region. Recent ecological studies are summarized and list of the host plants of 42 different species attached. The pest status of certain species which have become of serious importance for agriculture in China is briefly summarized based on literary sources.

References

  1. The following list does not only mention the publications cited in the catalogue or biogeographic analysis above but also all Chinese publications, which deal with the biology and ecology of Phasmatodea in China. It is therefore a complete bibliography of publications that deal with Chinese Phasmatodea. If not differently mentioned for Chinese publications these are in Chinese language with an English summary.

    Audinet-Serville, J.G. (1831) Revue Méthodique des Insectes de l’ordre des Ortoptères. Annales Sciences Naturelles, 22, 56–65.

    Audinet-Serville, J.G. (1838) Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Orthoptères. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, 18, 776 pp.

    Bao, Q.M., Bao, W.B. et al. (2000) Biological characteristics of Micadina zhejiangensis. Journal of Zhejiang Forestry College, 17(2), 166–169.

    Bao, Q.M., Jin, J.Y. et al. (2000) Bionomics and control of Sinophasma mirabile. Forest Pest and Disease, 3, 15–17. (In Chinese)

    Bates, H.W. (1865) Descriptions of fifty-two new species of Phasmidae from the collection of Mr. W. W. Saunders, with remarks on the family. Transactions of the Linnean Society London, 25(1), 321–359.

    Bey-Bienko, G.J. & Andrianova, N.S. (1959) On some orthopteroid insects from the preserve forest Tingushan in the province Kwantung, South China. Zoologiceskij Zhurnal, 38(12), 1813–1820.

    Bi, D.Y. (1990) Description of a new species of the genus Sinophasma Gunther (Phasmida: Heteronemiidae). Contributions of Shanghai Institute of Entomology, 1989–1990 (9), 151–154.

    Bi, D.Y. (1993 a) Phasmatodea of Longqishan, Fujian Province. In: Huang, C. M. [Ed.]: Animals of Longqi Mountain. The series of the bioresources expedition to the Longqi Mountain Nature Reserve. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House. pp. 35–40.

    Bi, D.Y. (1993 b) A new species of Phasmatodea from Xizang, China. Contributions of the Shanghai Institute of Entomology, 1992–1993(10), 81–84.

    Bi, D.Y. (1994) A new species of the genus Pharnacia Stål from Hainan Province of China (Phasmatidae: Phasmatinae). Entomological Journal of East China, 3(1), 10–12.

    Bi, D.Y. (1995) Description of three new genera and three new species of Phasmatodea from Xizang, China (Phasmida: Pseudophasmatidae, Heteronemiidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 38(4), 452–457.

    Bi, D.Y., Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1992) Phasmida. In: Huang, F. S. [Ed.]: Insects of Wuling Mountains Area, Southwestern China. Beijing: Sinica Press. pp. 66–72.

    Bi, D.Y. & Li, T.S. (1991) Description of a new species and a new record of Phasmatodea from Guangxi, China (Phasmatodea: Heteronemiidae). Contributions of Shanghai Institute of Entomology, 1991(10), 106–108.

    Bi, D.Y. & Li, T.S. (1994) A new species of the genus Datames Stål (Phasmatodea: Bacillidae) from Guangxi. Entomotaxonomia, 16(4), 254–256.

    Bi, D.Y & Lian, Z.M. (1991) A new species of the genus Baculum Saussure (Phasmatodea: Heteronemiidae). Contributions of Shanghai Institute of Entomology, 1991(10), 103–105.

    Bi, D.Y. & Wang, Z.G. (1998 a) Three new species of Phasmatodea from Henan Province (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae, Heteronemiidae). In: Shen, X. C. & Shi, Z. Y. [Eds.]: The Fauna and Taxonomy of Insects in Henan 2. Insects of the Funiu Mountains Region. Beijing: China Agricultural Scientech Press. pp. 9–13.

    Bi, D.Y. & Wang, Z.G. (1998 b) Phasmatodea. In: Shen, X. C. & Shi, Z. Y. [Eds.]: The Fauna and Taxonomy of Insects in Henan 2. Insects of the Funiu Mountains Region. Beijing: China Agricultural Scientech Press. pp. 210–211.

    Bi, D.Y., Zhang, W.N. & Lau, C.S.K. (2001) Study on the walking stick insects (Phasmatodea) and the genus Sipyloidea from Hong Kong District of China. Entomotaxonomia, 23(4), 253–258.

    Braatz, S. (1992) Conserving biological diversity: a strategy for protected areas in Asia-Pacific region. The world Bank technical paper, No. 193, Washington D. C. 66 pp.

    Bradley, J.C. & Galil, B.S. (1977) The taxonomic arrangement of the Phasmatodea with keys to the subfamilies and tribes. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 79(2), 176–208.

    Bragg, P.E. (2001) Phasmids of Borneo. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu (Borneo). 772 pp.

    Brock, P.D. (1995) Catalogue of stick and leaf-insects associated with Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Malayan Nature Journal, 49, 83–102.

    Brock, P.D. (1998) Catalogue of type specimens of stick & leaf-insects in the Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (Insecta: Phasmida). Kataloge der wissenschaftlichen Sammlungen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, 13(5), 1–75.

    Brock, P.D. (1999) The Amazing World of Stick and Leaf-Insects. The Amateur Entomologist, Vol. 26. The Amateur Entomologist’s Society, Orpington, Kent. 165 pp.

    Brock, P.D. (2002) Hong Kong Insects. Reptilian Insecta and Arachnida, 6(7), 54–59.

    Brock, P.D. (2007) The Types of Phasmida in the Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg (ZMAS). Zootaxa, 1398, 45–56.

    Brock, P.D. & Delfosse, E. (2005) A list of Pantel’s Phasmid type material in the Muséum National d’histoire Naturelle, Paris (Phasmida). Revue française d’Entomologie (N.S.), 27(2), 49–56.

    Brock, P.D. & Okada, M. (2005) Taxonomic notes on Pylaemenes Stål 1875 (Phasmida: Heteropterygidae: Dataminae), including the description of the male of P. guangxiensis (Bi & Li, 1994). Journal of Orthoptera Research, 14(1), 23–26.

    Brock, P.D. & Seow-Choen, F. (1995) Notes on the Stick-Insect genus Abrosoma in Peninsular Malaysia (Insecta: Phasmida) with description of a new species. Malayan Nature Journal, 49, 21–29.

    Brock, P.D. & Seow-Choen, F. (2000) The stick insects (Insecta: Phasmida) of Hong Kong. Serangga, 5(1), 115–147.

    Brunner v. Wattenwyl, K. (1893) Révision du Système des Orthoptères et description des espèces rapportees par M. Leonardo Fea de Birmanie. Annali des Museo Civico di storia naturale Giacomo Doria, Genova, (2)13(33), 76–101 & 217–219, pls. 2–4.

    Brunner v. Wattenwyl, K. (1907) Die Insektenfamilie der Phasmiden. II. Phasmidae Anareolatae (Clitumnini, Lonchodini, Bacunculini). Verlag W. Engelmann, Leipzig. pp. 181–340, pls. 7–15.

    Cai, B.L. (1987) A list of Chinese Phasmids with the key to subfamilies. Contributions from Tianjin Natural Museum, (4), 26–30.

    Cai, B.L. (1989) Description of a new species of walking stick from China (Phasmatodea: Heteronemiidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 32(3), 322–324.

    Cai, B.L. & Chen, S.C. (1999) Phasmatodea. In: Huang, B.K. [Ed.]: Fauna of insects of the Fujian Province of China. Vol. 1. Fuzhou: Fujian Science and Technology Publishing House. pp. 62–73.

    Cai, B.L. & Liu, S.L. (1990) Notes on Entoria (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae) with descriptions of six new species from China. Oriental Insects, 24, 415–425.

    Cai, B.L. & Liu, S.L. (1993) A new species of Phobaeticus from China (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 36(4), 469–471.

    Cappe de Baillon, P. (1928) Embryogénie tératologique chez e Phasmides (Menexenus semiarmatus Westw. et Clitumnus artemis Br.). Bulletin biologique de la France et de la Belge, 62, 378–387.

    Cappe de Baillon, P. (1931) Recherches sur la tératology des Insectes II. La descendance des monstres de Phasmides. Encyclopédie Entomologique, Série A, 6, Paris: Paul Lechevalier & Fils 316 pp., 215 figs., 7 pls.

    Cappe de Baillon, P., Favrell, M. & Vichet, G. (1934) Parthenogenese et variation chez les Phasmides. Bulletin biologique de la France et de la Belge, 68, 109–166.

    Carl, J. (1913) Phasmides nouveaux ou peu connus du Muséum de Genève. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 21(1), 1–56, pl. 1.

    Chen, P.C. & Chen, S.C. (1996) A new species of Sinophasma from Guangxi, China (Phasmatodea: Heteronemiidae). Journal of Beijing Forestry University (English Ed.), 5(2): 88–90.

    Chen, P.C & Chen, S.C. (1997 a) A key to the genus of Sinophasma Günther. Forest Pest and Disease, 2, 12–14. (In Chinese)

    Chen, P.C & Chen, S.C. (1997 b) Identification, Biology and Control of the important species of Phasmatodea in China. Journal of Beijing Forrestry University, 19(4), 70–75.

    Chen, P.C & Chen, S.C. (1997 c) Studies on the species of Sinophasma and their geographical distribution. In: Yang, X. K. & Wu, H. [Eds.]: Entomological Research Progress. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, pp. 264–267.

    Chen, P.C. & Chen, S.C. (1998) A new species of genus Sinophasma (Phasmatodea: Heteronemiidae) from China. Entomologia Sinica, 5(1), 47–49.

    Chen, P.C, Chen, S.C. & Wang, J.J. (1997 a) Biology of the Sinophasma maculicruralis Chen. Guangxi Agricutral Science, 4, 185–187. (In Chinese)

    Chen, P.C, Chen, S.C. & Wang, J.J. (1997 b) The feeding capacity of Sinophasma pseudomirabile Chen. Guangxi Forestry Science, 26(3), 123–125. (In Chinese)

    Chen, P.C, Chen, S.C. & Wang, J.J. (1998) The feeding capacity of Sinophasma largum Chen et Chen and its control. Forest Pest and Disease, 4, 10–12.

    Chen, S.C. (1986 a) Notes on Chinese Sinophasma Günther with descriptions of a new species. (Phasmida: Heteronemiidae: Necrosciinae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 29(1), 85–88.

    Chen, S.C. (1986 b) A new species of the genus Entoria Stål (Phasmida: Phasmatidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 29(4), 401–404.

    Chen, S.C. (1986 c) Sinophasma brevipenne, a kind of forest pest should be pay much attention. Forest Pest and Disease 1986(2), 37.

    Chen, S.C. (1990) Entoria bobaiensis: description of male. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 12(2), 129–130.

    Chen, S.C. (1991) A new species of Sinophasma Günther from Guizhou, China (Phasmida. Necrosciinae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 34(4), 450–452.

    Chen, S.C. (1992 a) A new species of the genus Macellina (Phasmida: Heteronemiidae, Pachymorphinae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 35(1), 72–74.

    Chen, S.C. (1992 b) A new species of walking stick from Shanxi (Phasmida: Phasmatidae). Journal of Beijing Forestry University (English Ed.), 1(1): 114–116.

    Chen, S.C. (1993) Descriptions of a new record and two unknown sexes of Walking Sticks injurious to Forest from China (Phasmida: Phasmatidae, Heteronemiidae). Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 15(2), 87–89.

    Chen, S.C. (1994) The present research situation and future advice of stick insect in China. Forest Pest and Disease, 3, 38–40.

    Chen, S.C. (1999 a) Phasmatodea. In: Chen, S. C. [Ed.]: Pictorial Handbook of Rare and Precious Insects in China. China Forestry Publications House. pp. 42–50.

    Chen, S.C. (1999 b) Identification and bionomics of the important species of walking sticks from China. Forest Pest and Disease, 5, 34–37.

    Chen, S.C. (2001) The egg-laying style of phasmida's. Entomology Knowledge, 38(1), 74–75.

    Chen, S.C. (2002 a) A new species of Paraclitumnus from Henan. In: Shen X. C.& Zhao Y.Q. [Eds.]: Insects of the Mountains Taihang and Tongbai Regions. China Agricultural Scientech Press: Beijing, China. pp. 11–12.

    Chen, S.C. (2002b) Phasmatodea. In: Shen X.C. & Zhao Y.Q. [Eds.]: Insects of the Mountains Taihang and Tongbai Regions. China Agricultural Scientech Press: Beijing, China. p.261

    Chen, S.C. & Chen, P.C. (1997 a) A new species of Heteronemiidae from Guangxi (Phasmatodea: Heteronemiidae). Guangxi Sciences, 4(2), 124–125.

    Chen, S.C. & Chen, P.C. (1997 b) Descriptions of two new species and one unknown female of the genus Sinophasma from Guangdong Province, China (Phasmatodea: Heteronemiidae). Journal of Beijing Forestry University (English Ed.), 6(2), 93–99.

    Chen, S.C., Chen, P.C. & Wang, J.J. (1999) A study on the regeneration of artus in Sinophasma Günther. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 42(2), 159–165.

    Chen, S.C. & Chen, Z.Y. (2000 a) Two new species of the genus Sosibia from Guangdong Province, China (Phasmatodea: Heteronemiidae). Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Sunyatseni, 39(1), 121–122.

    Chen, S.C. & Chen, Z.Y. (2000 b) A new species of the genus Baculum from Guangdong, China (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae). Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Sunyatseni, 39(6), 129–130.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1985) Studies of Chinese Sinophasma Günther and their Geographical Distribution. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 1985(3), 33–38.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1987) Neohirasea japonica, New Record of China Phasmatodea. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 9(2), 57.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1989 a) A new species of the genus Phraortes from Guangxi (Phasmida: Bacteriidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 14(3), 340–342.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1989 b) The eggs of stick insects in China. Entomology Knowledge (Kunchong Zhishi), 26(3), 164–165.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1990 a) Baculum album — a new Walking Stick injurious to forests in Sichuan. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 12(4), 54–56.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1990 b) The harm of stick insects should be put enough attention. Forest Pest and Disease. 2, 45.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1991a) Four new species of Phraortes Stål from China. Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 13(1), 18–23.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1991b) Three new species of Baculum attacking forest from China (Phasmida: Phasmatidae). Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 27(3), 229–233.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1992 a) Micadina yingdensis new species: a new walking stick injurious forest pest from Guangdong Province. Forest Research, 5(2), 207–209.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1992 b) Phasmida. In: Peng, J.W. & Lui, Y.Q. [Eds.]: Icnography of forest insects in Hunan China. Changsha: Hunan Science and Technology Publishing House. pp. 42–49.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1993 a) A new species of the genus Baculum from Shaanxi, China (Phasmida: Phasmatidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 36(3), 357–358.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1993 b) A new species of the genus Phobaeticus from Anhui, China (Phasmida: Phasmatidae). Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 15(4), 54–55.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1993 c) Seven New Species of Phasmida in Mao’er Mountain of Guangxi. Journal of the Guangxi Academy of Sciences, 9(1), 34–45.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1994 a) Two new species of stick insects from Xizang Autonomous Region (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae, Heteronemiidae). Entomologia Sinica, 1(4), 311–313.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1994 b) Newly recorded genus and a new species of Heteronemiidae (Phasmatodea). Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 16(4), 121–123.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1994 c) Descriptions of two new species of Phasmida from Yunnan and Guangxi, China (Phasmida: Phasmatidae: Heteronemiidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 19(1), 104–107.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1994 d) A new species of the genus Sinophasma from Sichuan, China (Phasmida: Heteronemiidae). Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 30(2), 124–125.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1994 e) Two new species of the genus Baculum from China (Phasmida: Phasmatidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 37(2), 196–198.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1994 f) A new species of the genus Baculum from Sichuan, China (Phasmida: Phasmatidae). Forest Research, 7(3), 311–312.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1995 a) A new species of the genus Paramyronides from Yunnan, China (Phasmatodea: Heteronemiidae). Forest Research, 8(6), 658–659.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1995 b) A new species of the genus Baculum Saussure from Guangxi Province (Phasmida: Phasmatidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 38(4), 458–459.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1995 c) A new species of Trachythorax from Hainan, China (Phasmida: Heteronemiidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 20(2), 197–199.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1995 d) Two new species of the genus Baculum found from Mt. Tianmu, Zhejiang, China (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae). Scientia Silvae Sinicae, 31(3), 220–222.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1995 e) A new species of Sinophasma from Hainan, China (Phasmatodea: Heteronemiidae). Scienta Silvae Sinicae, 31(4), 328–329.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1995 f) A new species of the genus Paramyronides from China (Phasmida: Heteronemiidae). Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 17(3), 73–74.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1995 g) Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae and Heteronemiidae. In: Wu, H. [Ed.]: Insects of Baishanzu Mountain, Eastern China. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House. pp. 63–68.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1996 a) Description of two species of males of Parasipyloidea and Trachythorax (Phasmatodea: Heteronemiidae) unknown before. Forest Research, 9(6), 664–665.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1996 b) A new species of Cnipsus from Yunnan, China (Phasmida: Phasmatidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 39(3), 286–288.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1996 c) Description of the previously unknown male of Paramyronides unidentatus (Phasmatodea: Heteronemiidae). Journal of Beijing Forestry University (English Ed.), 5(1), 98–100.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1996 d) New species of the genus Asceles from Yunnan, China (Phasmatodea: Heteronemiidae). Journal of Beijing Forestry University, 18(4), 41–42.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1997 a) A new genus and new species of Heteronemiidae from Guangxi, China (Phasmatodea: Heteronemiidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 40(3), 297–299.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1997 b) Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae and Heteronemiidae. In: Yang, X. K. [Ed.]: Insects of the Three Gorge Reservoir area of Yangtze River. Chongqing: Chongqing Publishing House. pp. 113–121.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1997 c) A new genus and new species of Phasmatodea from Yunnan, China (Phasmatodea: Heteronemiidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 22(2), 159–161.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1997 d) Two new species of Baculum from Sichuan, China (Phasmida: Phasmatidae). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 22(1), 54–56.

    Chen, S.C. & He, Y.H. (1997 e) A new species of Prosentoria from Yunnan (Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 40(2), 183–184.

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