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Published: 2022-04-29

New insect fossils discovered from the Lower Jurassic Sangonghe Formation at the Turpan Basin, Xinjiang, NW China

State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
Institut de Systématique, Évolution, Biodiversité (ISYEB) Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, EPHE, Université des Antilles, CP50, 57 rue Cuvier F-75005 Paris, France
State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Life Sciences Building, Tyndall Avenue, Bristol, BS8 1TQ, United Kingdom
State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
Early Jurassic Daheyan fossil insects Anisopodoidea Dysmorphoptilidae Eoscarterellinae


Early Jurassic insects have been described from the Badaowan and the Sangonghe formations in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, NW China. Among them, the insect fossils from the Sangonghe Formation remain poorly explored. Here we report for the first time a diverse assemblage of fossil insects from the Sangonghe Formation near the Daheyan Township, Turpan Basin. They are represented by six groups, including Odonatoptera, Dermaptera, Blattodea, Hemiptera, Coleoptera, and Diptera. Sinoscarterella incompleta Nel, Fu & Huang, gen. et sp. nov. of Dysmorphoptilidae (Hemiptera) and Liassorhyphus liaoi Nel & Huang, gen. et sp. nov. of Anisopodidae (Diptera) are described here. Our discovery provides a window into a potentially diverse entomofauna in the Early Jurassic, increasing our knowledge about the insect diversity during that time in eastern Asia.


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