Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2019-10-31
Page range: 482–490
Abstract views: 278
PDF downloaded: 2

A new beetle family, Mysteriomorphidae fam. nov. (Coleoptera: Elateriformia incertae sedis), from mid-Cretaceous amber of northern Myanmar

Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nahimovskiy prospekt 36, 117997 Moscow, Russia Kaliningrad Regional Amber Museum, Marshal Vasilevskii square 1, Kaliningrad, 236016, Russia
Bodelschwinghstraße 13, D-34119 Kassel, Germany
Coleoptera Elateriformia incertae sedis Polyphaga burmite new taxa palaeontology Mesozoic fossil resin


A new Cretaceous fossil beetle Mysteriomorphus pelevini gen. et sp. nov. is described from Burmese amber and a new family Mysteriomorphidae fam. nov. is proposed to accommodate this new taxon. The new monogeneric family is characterised by a combination of characters present in different lineages of Elateroidea and Byrrhoidea (Ptilodactylidae) and is therefore placed as incertae sedis in the series Elateriformia.


  1. Bao, T., Walczyńska, K.S., Moody, S., Wang, B. & Rust, J. (2018) New family Apotomouridae fam. nov. (Coleoptera: Tenebrionoidea) from lower Cenomanian amber of Myanmar. Cretaceous Research, 91, 14–19.

    Batelka, J., Engel, M.S. & Prokop, J. (2018) A remarkable diversity of parasitoid beetles (Ripiphoridae) in Cretaceous amber, with a summary of the Mesozoic record of Tenebrionoidea. Cretaceous Research, 90, 296–310.

    Bouchard, P., Smith, A.B.T., Douglas, H.B., Gimmel, M.L., Brunke, A.J. & Kanda, K. (2017) Biodiversity of Coleoptera. In: Foottit, R. G. & Adler, P. H. (Eds), Insect biodiversity: Science and society, second edition. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, pp. 337–417.

    Boucher, S., Bai, M., Wang, B., Zhang, W.W. & Yang, X.K. (2016) †Passalopalpidae, a new family from the Cretaceous Burmese amber, as the possible sister group of Passalidae Leach (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea). Cretaceous Research, 64, 67–78.

    Cai, C.Y., Háva, J. & Huang, D.Y. (2016) The earliest Attagenus species (Coleoptera: Dermestidae: Attageninae) from Upper Cretaceous Burmese amber. Cretaceous Research, 72, 95–99.

    Cai, C.Y., Ślipiński, A., Leschen, R.A.B., Yin, Z.W., Zhuo, D. & Huang, D.Y. (2017) The first Mesozoic Jacobson’s beetle (Coleoptera: Jacobsoniidae) in Cretaceous Burmese amber and biogeographical stasis. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 16 (7), 543–550.

    Caterino, M.S., Wolf-Schwenninger, K. & Bechly, G. (2015) Cretonthophilus tuberculatus, a remarkable new genus and species of hister beetle (Coleoptera: Histeridae) from Cretaceous Burmese amber. Zootaxa, 4052 (2), 241–245.

    Chatzimanolis, S., Cashion, M.E., Engel, M.S. & Falin, Z.H. (2012) A new genus of Ptilodactylidae (Coleoptera: Byrrhoidea) in mid-Cretaceous amber from Myanmar (Burma). Geodiversitas, 34 (3), 569–574.

    Clarke, D.J. & Chatzimanolis, S. (2009) Antiquity and long-term morphological stasis in a group of rove beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae): Description of the oldest Octavius species from Cretaceous Burmese amber and a review of the “Euaestetine subgroup” fossil record. Cretaceous Research, 30, 1426–1434.

    Cruickshank, R.D. & Ko Ko, (2003) Geology of an amber locality in the Hukawng Valley, Northern Myanmar. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 21, 441–455.

    Deng, C., Ślipiński, A., Ren, D. & Pang, H. (2017) New Cretaceous carpet beetles (Coleoptera: Dermestidae) from Burmese amber. Cretaceous Research, 76, 1–6.

    Ellenberger, S. & Fanti, F. (2019) New Cretaceous soldier beetle (Cantharidae) from Burmese amber with preserved coloration on the elytra. Zootaxa, 4609 (3), 594–600.

    Fanti, F., Damgaard, A. L. & Ellenberger, S. (2018) Two new genera of Cantharidae from Burmese amber of the Hukawng Valley (Insecta, Coleoptera). Cretaceous Research, 86, 170–177.

    Grimaldi, D.A., Engel, M.S. & Nascimbene, P.C. (2002) Fossiliferous Cretaceous amber from Myanmar (Burma): its rediscovery, biotic diversity, and paleontological significance. American Museum Novitates, 3361, 1–71.<0001:FCAFMB>2.0.CO;2

    Hává, J. & Damgaard, A.L. (2017) Attagenus lundi sp. nov. from Cretaceous Burmese amber (Coleoptera: Dermestidae: Attageninae). Studies and Reports. Taxonomical Series, 13 (2), 303–306.

    Hsiao, Y., Ślipiński, A., Yu, Y., Deng, C. & Pang, H. (2018) Allostrophus cretaceus gen. et sp. nov.: a new polypore fungus beetle (Coleoptera, Tetratomidae) from the Cretaceous Myanmar amber. Cretaceous Research, 92, 195–200.

    Jałoszyński, P., Yamamoto, S. & Takahashi, Y. (2017) Discovery of a new Mesozoic species of the ancient genus Lepicerus (Coleoptera: Myxophaga: Lepiceridae), with implications for the systematic placement of all previously described extinct ‘lepiceroids’. Cretaceous Research, 78, 95–102.

    Kazantsev, S.V. (2015) Protoluciola albertalleni gen.n., sp.n., a new Luciolinae firefly (Insecta: Coleoptera: Lampyridae) from Burmite amber. Russian Entomological Journal, 24 (4), 281–283.

    Kukalová-Peck, J. & Beutel, R.G. (2012) Is the Carboniferous Adiphlebia lacoana really the oldest beetle? Critical reassessment and description of a new Permian beetle family. European Journal of Entomology, 109, 633–645.

    Kundrata, R. & Bocák, L. (2011) The phylogeny and limits of Elateridae (Insecta, Coleoptera): is there a common tendency of click beetles to soft-bodiedness and neoteny? Zoologica Scripta, 40, 364–378.

    Kundrata, R., Bocakova, M. & Bocák, L. (2014) The comprehensive phylogeny of the superfamily Elateroidea (Coleoptera: Elateriformia). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 76, 162–171.

    Kundrata, R., Gunter, N.L., Douglas, H. & Bocák, L. (2016a) Next step toward a molecular phylogeny of click-beetles (Coleoptera: Elateridae): redefinition of Pityobiinae, with a description of a new subfamily Parablacinae from the Australasian Region. Austral Entomology, 55, 291–302.

    Kundrata, R., Jäch, M.A. & Bocák, L. (2016b) Molecular phylogeny of the Byrrhoidea—Buprestoidea complex (Coleoptera, Elateriformia). Zoologica Scripta, 46, 150–164.

    Kundrata, R., Ivie, M.A. & Bocak, L. (2019) Podabrocephalus Pic is the morphologically modified lineage of Ptilodactylinae (Coleoptera: Elateriformia: Ptilodactylidae). Insect Systematics and Evolution, 50, 147–161.

    Kyaw Thu & Khin Zaw (2017) Chapter 23. Gem deposits of Myanmar. In: Barber, A.J., Kyaw Zaw, K. & Crow, M.J. (Eds), Myanmar: Geology, Resources and Tectonics. Geological Society, London, pp. 497–529.

    Legalov, A.A. (2018) New auger beetle (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Cretaceous Research, 92, 210–213.

    Legalov, A.A. & Poinar, G. (2014) New tribes of the superfamily Curculionoidea (Coleoptera) in Burmese amber. Historical Biology, 27 (5), 558–564.

    Li, S., Lu, Y., Wang, B., Li, J., Yang, X. & Bai, M. (2019) †Electrorubesopsinae, a new subfamily from Cretaceous Burmese amber, as the possible sister group of Dynamopodinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 17 (4), 349–357.

    Liu, Y., Shi, H., Cai, C., Liang, H. & Huang, D. (2015) The first record of Cretaceous ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Oodini) from Burmese amber. Cretaceous Research, 52, 427–430.

    Misof, B., Liu, S., Meusemann, K., Peters, R.S., Donath, A., Mayer, C., Frandsen, P.B., Ware, J., Flouri, T., Beutel, R.G., Niehuis, O., Petersen, M., Izquierdo-Carrasco, F., Wappler, T., Rust, J., Aberer, A.J., Aspöck, U., Aspöck, H., Bartel, D., Blanke, A., Berger, S., Böhm, A., Buckley, T., Calcott, B., Chen, J., Friedrich, F., Fukui, M., Fujita, M., Greve, C., Grobe, G., Gu, S., Huang, Y., Jermiin, L.S., Kawahara, A., Krogmann, L., Kubiak, M., Lanfear, R., Letsch, H., Li, Y., Li, Z., Li, J., Lu, H., Machida, R., Mashimo, Y., Kapli, P., McKenna, D.D., Meng, G., Nakagaki, Y., Navarrete-Heredia, J.L., Ott, M., Ou, Y., Pass, G., Podsiadlowski, L., Pohl, H., Reumont, B.M. v., Schütte, K., Sekiya, K., Shimizu, S., Ślipiński, A., Stamatakis, A., Song, W., Su, X., Szucsich, N.U., Tan, M., Tan, X., Tang, M., Tang, J., Timelthaler, G., Tomizuka, Sh., Trautwein, M., Tong, X., Uchifune, T., Walzl, M.G., Wiegmann, B.M., Wilbrandt, J., Wipfler, B., Wong, T.K.F., Wu, Q., Wu, G., Xie, Y., Yang, S., Yang, Q., Yeates, D.K., Yoshizawa, K., Zhang, Q., Zhang, R., Zhang, W., Zhang, Y., Zhao, J., Zhou, Ch., Zhou, L., Ziesmann, T., Zou, S., Li, Y., Xu, X., Zhang, Y., Yang, H., Wang, J., Wang, J., Kjer, K.M. & Zhou, X. (2014) Phylogenomics resolves the timing and pattern of insect evolution. Science, 346: 763–767.

    Poinar, G.O., Jr. (2018) Burmese amber: evidence of Gondwanan origin and Cretaceous dispersion. Historical Biology.

    Poinar, G.O., Jr., Brown, A.E. & Legalov, A.A. (2016) A new weevil tribe, Mekorhamphini trib. nov. (Coleoptera, Ithyceridae) with two new genera in Burmese amber. Biological Bulletin of Bogdan Chmelnitskiy Melitopol State Pedagogical University, 6 (3), 157–164.

    Poinar, G.O., Jr., Brown, A.E. & Legalov, A.A. (2017) A new weevil, Aepyceratus hyperochus gen. et sp. nov., Aepyceratinae subfam. nov. (Coleoptera; Nemonychidae) in Burmese amber. Cretaceous Research, 77, 75–78.

    Ross, A.J. (2019) Burmese (Myanmar) amber checklist and bibliography 2018. Palaeoentomology, 2 (1), 22–84.

    Shi, G.H., Grimaldi, D.A., Harlow, G.E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Yang, M.C., Lei, W.Y., Li, Q.L. & Li, X.H. (2012) Age constraint on Burmese amber based on U-Pb dating of zircons. Cretaceous Research, 37, 155–163.

    Ślipiński, S.A., Leschen, R.A.B. & Lawrence, J.F. (2011) Order Coleoptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang, Z.Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, 3148, 203–208.

    Tomaszewska, W., Ślipiński, A., Bai, M., Zhang, W.W. & Ren, D. (2018) The oldest representatives of Endomychidae (Coleoptera: Coccinelloidea) from the Upper Cretaceous Burmese amber. Cretaceous Research, 91, 287–298.

    Yamamoto, S., Jäch, M.A. & Takahashi, Y. (2017) Discovery of the first hydraenid beetle in amber, with description of a new genus and species (Coleoptera: Staphylinoidea: Hydraenidae). Cretaceous Research, 78, 27–33.

    Zhang, S.Q., Che, L.H., Li, Y., Liang, D., Pang, H., Ślipiński, A. & Zhang, P. (2018) Evolutionary history of Coleoptera revealed by extensive sampling of genes and species. Nature Communications, 9, 205.

    Zherikhin, V.V. & Ross, A.J. (2000) A review of the history, geology and age of Burmese amber (Burmite). Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, London (Geology), 56, 3–10.

    Vitali, F. & Ellenberger, S. (2019) Sparedrus archaicus n. sp. the first false blister beetle from Burmese amber. Baltic Journal of Coleopterology, 19 (1), 23–27.

    Yu, T.T., Kelly, R., Mu, L., Ross, A., Kennedy, J., Broly, P., Xia, F.Y., Zhang, H.C., Wang, B., & Dilcher, D. (2019) An ammonite trapped in Burmese amber. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116 (23), 11345–11350.