Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Type: Article
Published: 2024-05-30
Page range: 32-50
Abstract views: 9
PDF downloaded: 0

A new record of Coelichneumon rufofemoratus (Cameron, 1903) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) from Eastern Himalayas, with a checklist of all the species of the genus from the Oriental region

Faculty of Biodiversity Conservation, Key Laboratory of Extremely Small Populations of Wildlife in Yunnan, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, P. R. China
Institute of Eastern-Himalaya Biodiversity Research, Dali University, Yunnan, P.R. China
Faculty of Biodiversity Conservation, Key Laboratory of Extremely Small Populations of Wildlife in Yunnan, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, P. R. China
Department of Biology, University of Central Florida, Orlando 4110 Libra Dr. Rm 442, Orlando, FL 32816, USA
State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, Ecology and Evolution, School of Life Sciences,Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, Guangdong, China.
Institute of Eastern-Himalaya Biodiversity Research, Dali University, Yunnan, P.R. China
Darwin wasp Yunnan Eastern Himalaya biodiversity Ichneumonidae Ichneumoninae Ichneumonini


Coelichneumon rufofemoratus (Cameron, 1903) of the Darwin wasp subfamily Ichneumoninae, previously known from Indian and Burmese Himalayas, is newly recorded from Yunnan, China, and a complete history of the name with nomenclatural notes is provided. A complete checklist of the species of Coelichneumon for the Oriental region is also presented.


  1. Ashmead W. H. 1900. Classification of the Ichneumon flies, or the superfamily Ichneumonoidea. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 23: 1–220.
  2. Berthoumieu V. 1904. Fam. Ichneumonidae, Subfam. Ichneumoninae. Genera Insectorum, 18: 1–87.
  3. Broad G. R., Shaw M. R. & Fitton M. G. 2018. Ichneumonid wasps (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae): their classification and biology. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects 7(12): 1–418.
  4. Broad G. R. 2021. Taxonomic changes in Ichneumonoidea (Hymenoptera), and notes on certain type specimens. Zootaxa 4941(4): 511–541.
  5. Cameron P. 1897. Hymenoptera Orientalia, or Contributions to the knowledge of the Hymenoptera of the Oriental Zoological Region. Part VI. Memoirs and proceedings of the Manchester Literary & Philosophical Society 41(13): 1–28.
  6. Cameron P. 1901. Descriptions of seventeen new genera of Ichneumonidae from India and one from Australia. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Zoology, Botany and Geology 7(41): 374–385.
  7. Cameron P. 1902. Description of new genera and species of Hymenoptera from India. Zeitschrift für Systematische Hymenopterologie und Dipterologie 2: 391–398.
  8. Cameron P. 1903a. Description of new genera and species of Hymenoptera from India. Zeitschrift für Systematische Hymenopterologie und Dipterologie 3(1): 9–16.
  9. Cameron P. 1903b. On some new genera and species of parasitic and fossorial Hymenoptera from the Khasia Hills, Assam. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 11: 173–185.
  10. Cameron P. 1903c. On some new genera and species of parasitic Hymenoptera from the Khasia Hills, Assam. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 12: 266–272.
  11. Cameron P. 1904a. Description of new genera and species of Hymenoptera from India. Zeitschrift für Systematische Hymenopterologie und Dipterologie 4: 217–224.
  12. Cameron P. 1904b. On some new genera and species of Hymenoptera. Entomologist 37: 208–210.
  13. Cameron P. 1905. Description of some new species of parasitic Hymenoptera chiefly from the Sikkim Himalaya. (Hym.) (Continued.). Zeitschrift für Systematische Hymenopterologie und Dipterlogie 5(5): 278–285.
  14. Carlson R. W. 1979. Family Ichneumonidae. In: Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico, Volume 1. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C. 315–741.
  15. Chao H. F. 1976. An outline of the classification of the Ichneumon-flies of China (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Scientific Publisher, Beijing, 413 pp. [in Chinese].
  16. Cheraghi A. & Esfandiari M. 2016. The first rearing of Coelichneumon singularis (Berthoumieu, 1892) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) from the sugarcane borer Sesamia cretica Lederer, 1857 (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Far Eastern Entomologist (2016): 14–15.
  17. Chiu S. C., Chou L. Y. & Chou K. C. 1984. A check list of Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) of Taiwan. Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute 15: 67 pp.
  18. Dal Pos D., Heilman V. & Welter-Schultes F. 2022. Platylabini (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae: Ichneumoninae) of the south-eastern United States: new distributional data, taxonomic notes, illustrated keys, and an annotated catalogue of the genera and species. Journal of Natural History 56(45–48): 1869–1938.
  19. Dal Pos D., Claridge B., Diller E., van Noort S. & Di Giovanni F. 2023. Still counting: new records, nomenclatural notes, and three new species of Phaeogenini (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Ichneumoninae) from the Afrotropical region. European Journal of Taxonomy 868(1): 1–71.
  20. Gravenhorst J. L. C. 1820. Monographia ichneumonum Pedemontanae regionis. Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino 24: 275–388.
  21. Gupta V. K. 1987. The Ichneumonidae of the Indo-Australian area (Hyemnoptera). Part 2. Subfamilies Metopiinae to Ichneumoninae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 41: 598–1210.
  22. Gupta S. 1988. New Distributional Records for Ichneumoninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) of the Indo-Australian Area. Oriental Insects 22(1): 301–357.
  23. He J. H. 1984. A checklist of Ichneumon-flies parasitic on rice pests from China (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Zhejianensis 10(1): 77–110. [In Chinese]
  24. He J. H., Chen X. X. & Ma Y. 1996. Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae. Economic Insect Fauna of China. Science Press, Beijing, China. 697 pp. [In Chinese]
  25. Heinrich G. H. 1934. Die Ichneumoninae von Celebes. Bearbeitet auf grund der ausbeute der Celebes expedition G. Heinrich 1930–1932. Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 20(1): 1–263. [in German]
  26. Heinrich G. H. 1937. A list and some notes on the synonymy of the types of the subfamily Ichneumoninae Ashmead (Hym.) in the collections of the British Museum and the Hope Department of the Oxford University Museum. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 20: 257–279.
  27. Heinrich G. H. 1961. Synopsis of Nearctic Ichneumoninae Stenopneusticae with Particular Reference to the Northeastern Region (Hymenoptera): Part I. Introduction, Key to Nearctic Genera of Ichneumoninae Stenopneusticae and Synopsis of the Protichneumonini North of Mexico. The Canadian Entomologist 92(S15): 1–88.
  28. Heinrich G. H. 1966. Burmesische Ichneumoninae III [a]. Entomologisk Tidskrift 87: 187–247. [in German]
  29. Heinrich G. H. 1967. Burmesische Ichneumoninae III [Tribus Protichneumonini contd.]. Entomologisk Tidskrift 88: 1–32. [in German]
  30. Heinrich G. H. 1968. Burmesische Ichneumoninae IV [A. Nächtrage. B. Forsetzung]. Entomologisk Tidskrift 89: 77–106. [in German]
  31. Heinrich G. H. 1977. Ichneumoninae of Florida and neighboring states (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae, subfamily Ichneumoninae). Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas 9: 1–350.
  32. Hinz R. 1983. The biology of the European species of the genus Ichneumon and related species (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Contributions of the American Entomological Institute 20: 151–152.
  33. Horstmann K. 2005. Über einige Gattungen der Ichneumonidae mit fehlbestimmten Typusarten (Hymenoptera). Linzer biologische Beiträge 37(2): 1257–1275.
  34. ICZN [Internation Commission on Zoological Nomenclature] 1999. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Fourth Edition. The International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature, London, UK. 306 pp.
  35. Jonathan J. K. 1995. Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae. In: Himalayan Ecosystem Series: Fauna of Western Himalaya. S. Gupta (ed.). Part 1, Uttar Pradesh, Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta, India. 91–110 pp.
  36. Jonathan J. K. 1999. Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae pp. 295–415. In: Fauna of West Bengal. Part 8. Insecta (Trichoptera, Thysanoptera, Neuroptera, Hymenoptera and Anoplura). A. K. Gosh (ed.). Calcutta: Zoological Survey of India, iv: 295–442 pp.
  37. Jonathan J. K. 2003. Insecta: Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae. pp. 447–466. In: Fauna of Sikkim, Part 4 (Insecta). J. R. B. Alfred (ed.), State Fauna Series 9: 447–466 pp.
  38. Matsumura S. 1912. Thousand Insects of Japan. Supplement IV. 247 pp., 55 pls. Keiseisha-shoten, Tokyo. [in Japanese and English]
  39. Momoi S. 1970. Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) of the Ryukyu Archipelago. Pacific Insects 12(2): 327–399.
  40. Morley C. 1915. A revision of the Ichneumonidae based on the collection in the British Museum (Natural History) with descriptions of new genera and species. Part IV. Tribes Joppides, Banchides and Alomyides. Trustees of the British Museum, London, UK, 167 pp.
  41. Quicke D. L. J., Laurenne N. N., Fitton M. G. & Broad G. R. 2009. A thousand and one wasps: a 28S rDNA and morphological phylogeny of the Ichneumonidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) with an investigation into alignment parameter space and elision. Journal of Natural History 43: 1305–1421.
  42. Riedel M. 2013. Contribution to the Ichneumoninae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) of Southeastern Asia: 2. Tribe Heresiarchini. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 45: 2025–2076.
  43. Riedel M. 2017. Contribution to the Ichneumoninae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) of Southeastern Asia: 3. Heresiarchini. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 49: 895–917.
  44. Riedel M. 2021. A New Contribution to the Knowledge of the East Palaearctic Ichneumoninae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae). Linzer Biologische Beiträge 53: 171–240.
  45. Riedel M. 2023. Contribution to the knowledge of the Ichneumoninae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) from Maritime Southeast Asia. Zootaxa 5363: 1–94.
  46. Riedel M. & Aghadokht P. 2017. Contribution to the Ichneumoninae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) of Iran, with descriptions of three new species. Zoology in the Middle East 63: 1–8.
  47. Riedel M. & Watanabe K. 2021. The genus Coelichneumon Thomson in Japan (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Ichneumoninae). Zootaxa 4948: 501–545.
  48. Roman A. 1935. Ichneumonidae. In: Visser P.C. Visse-Hooft J. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der niederlaendischen Expedition in den Karakorum. Zoologie 245–250.
  49. Santos B. F., Wahl D. B., Rousse P., Bennett A. M. R., Kula R. & Brady S. G. 2021. Phylogenomics of Ichneumoninae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) reveals pervasive morphological convergence and the shortcomings of previous classifications. Systematic Entomology 46(3): 1–21.
  50. Selfa J. 1999. Updating the nomenclature of the Spanish Ichneumoninae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae). Entomofauna 20: 373–380.
  51. Shaw M. R., Kan P. & Kan-van Limburg Stirum B. 2015. Emergence behaviour of adult Trogus lapidator (Fabricius) (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Ichneumoninae, Heresiarchini) from pupa of its host Papilio machaon L. (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae), with a comparative overview of emergence of Ichneumonidae from Lepidoptera pupae in Europe. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 47: 65–85.
  52. Sheng M. L., Sun S. P., Ding D. S. & Luo J. G. 2013. Ichneumonid Fauna of Jiangxi (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Science Press, Beiging, 569 pp. [in Chinese].
  53. Singh L. R. K., Chandra K. & Gupta D. 2021. Insecta : Hymenoptera : Ichneumonidae. 337–352 pp. In: Faunal Diversity of Biogeographic Zones of India: North-East. K. Chandra, L. Kosygin, C. Raghunathan, & D. Gupta (eds.): Zoological Survey of India, Kolkota.
  54. Smith F. 1858. Catalogue of the Hymenoptera insects collected at Sarawak, Borneo; Mount Ophir, Malacca; and Singapore by A.R. Wallace. Journal and Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London (Zoology) 2: 42–130.
  55. Thomson C. G. 1893. Anmärkningar öfver Ichneumoner särskildt med hänsyn till några af A.E. Holmgrens typer. Opuscula Entomologica 18: 1889–1967.
  56. Tosquinet J. 1903. Ichneumonides nouveaux. (Travail posthume). Mémoires de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 10: 1–403.
  57. Townes H. K., Townes M. C. & Gupta V. K. 1961. A catalogue and reclassification of the Indo-Australian Ichneumonidae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 1: 1–522.
  58. Townes H. K. 1969. The genera of Ichneumonidae, Part 1. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 11: 1–300.
  59. Uchida T. 1925a. Das systematische Studium uber die Tribus Joppini der Unterfamilie Ichneumoninae von Japan. Zoological Magazine 37(444): 443–457.
  60. Uchida T. 1925b. Einige neue Ichneumoninen-Arten aus Formosa. Transactions of the Natural History Society of Formosa 15(81): 239–249. [in German]
  61. Uchida T. 1926. Erster Beitrag zur Ichneumoniden Japans. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido Imperial University 18(2): 43–173. [in German]
  62. Uchida T. 1932. H. Sauter’s Formosa-Ausbeute. Ichneumonidae (Hym.). Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University 33(2): 133–222. [in German]
  63. Uchida T. 1936. Drei neue Gattungen sowie acht neue und fuenf unbeschriebene Arten der Ichgneumoniden aus Japan. Insecta Matsumurana 10: 111–122. [in German]
  64. Uchida T. 1937. Die von Herrn O. Piel gesammelten chinesischen Ichneumonidenarten. Insecta Matsumurana 11: 81–95. [in German]
  65. Viereck H. L. 1914. Type species of the genera of Ichneumon flies. United States National Museum Bulletin 83: 1–186.
  66. Wang G., Xia S. & Han B. 2010. Survey on resources and appraisal of dominant species of natural enemies in tea plantations in Guizhou Province. Journal of Anhui Agricultural University 37(4)118: 772–780.
  67. Yoder M. J., Mikó I., Seltmann K. C., Bertone M. A. & Deans A. R. 2010. A Gross Anatomy Ontology for Hymenoptera. PLoS One 5(e15991): 1–8.
  68. Yu D. S. & Horstmann K. 1997. A catalogue of world Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera). Part 1: Subfamilies Acaenitinae to Ophioninae. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 58(1): 1–763.
  69. Yu D. S., van Achterberg K. & Horstmann K. 2016. World Ichneumonoidea 2015. Taxonomy, biology, morphology and distribution. [Flash drive]. Taxapad®, Vancouver, Canada.