Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

An updated and detailed taxonomical account of the large Branchiopoda (Crustacea: Branchiopoda: Anostraca, Notostraca, Spinicaudata) from the Yale North India Expedition deposited in the Yale Peabody Natural History Museum



We present an updated taxonomic account of a few of the large branchiopod species present in the collections of the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History. Our study shows that the Artemia species in the collections is not Artemia salina given the presence of spines at the base of the penis and its frontal knob morphology. This population cannot be assigned to any particular species due to lack of comparative material of other Artemia species and therefore, now reduces the authentic distribution record of Artemia salina to just one in the subcontinent. The morphology of eggs taken from the Streptocephalus longimanus allotype is distinct from what has been described later by having lower number of polygons on the egg surface. The gross morphology of the Triops cancriformis from Punjab, Pakistan resembles those of the Kashmir population from India except for its larger size. Based on the morphological comparison, we show that Eocyzicus deterrana is indeed synonymous to E. hutchinsoni. This work further changes the total species tally of large branchiopods from 44 of the Indian subcontinent to 45.



Crustacea, Artemia, Triops, Streptocephalus, clam shrimps, Eocyzicus

Full Text:

PDF (17MB)


Belk, D. (1989) Identification of species in the conchostracan genus Eulimnadia by egg shell morphology. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 9, 115–125.

Belk, D. & Esparza, C.E. (1995) Anostraca of the Indian subcontinent. Hydrobiologia, 298, 287–293.

Bond, R.M. (1934) Report of phyllopod Crustacea (Anostraca, Notostraca and Conchostraca) including a revision of the Anostraca of the Indian Empire. Memoirs of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 10, 29–62.

Cai, Y. (1989) A redescription of the brine shrimp (Artemia sinica). The Wasmann Journal of Biology, 47 (1/2), 105–110.

Daday de Deés, E. (1910) Monographie systématique des Phyllopodes anostracés. Annales des Sciences Naturelles. Zoologie, 11, 91–492.

Daday de Deés, E. (1913) Magarorszag Kagylos levellabu rakjai (Phyllopoda, Conchostraca Hungariae). Magyar Tudomanyos Akademia Matematikai Termeszettudomanyi Osztalyanak Kozlemenyei, 32, 49–145.

Daday de Deés, E. (1915) Monographie systématique des phyllopodes conchostracés. Annales des Sciences Naturelles. Zoologie, 9, 39–330.

Daday de Deés, E. (1923) Monographie systématique des Phyllopodes conchostracés. II. Leptestheriidae. Annales de Sciences Naturelles. Zoologie, 6, 255–390.

Daday de Deés, E. (1927) Monographie systématique des Phyllopodes conchostracés. Annales des Sciences Naturelles. Zoologie, 10, 1–112.

Gurney, R. (1907) On freshwater Entomostraca in the collection of the Indian Museum, Calcutta. Journal of the Asiatic Society, Bengal, 2, 273–281.

Gurney, R. (1930) A new species of branchiopod from southern India. Records of the Indian Museum, 32, 63–64.

Korn, M., Marrone, F., Pérez-Bote, J.L., Machado, M., Cristo,M., de Fonseca, L.C. & Hundsdoerfer, A.K. (2006) Sister species within the Triops cancriformis lineage (Crustacea, Notostraca). Zoologica Scripta, 35, 301–322.

Korn, M., Rabet, N., Ghate, H.V., Marrone, F. & Hundsdoerfer, A.K. (2013) Molecular phylogeny of the Notostraca. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 69, 1159–1171.

Korn, M., Green, A.J., Machado, M., de-Lomas, J.C., Cristo, M., da Fonseca, L.C., Frisch, D., Pe´rez-Bote, J.L. & Hundsdoerfer, A.K. (2010) Phylogeny, molecular ecology and taxonomy of southern Iberian lineages of Triops mauritanicus (Crustacea: Notostraca). Organism Diversity and Evolution, 10, 409–440.

Korn, M. & Hundsdoerfer, A.K. (2016) Molecular phylogeny, morphology and taxonomy of Moroccan Triops granarius (Lucas, 1864) (Crustacea: Notostraca), with the description of two new species. Zootaxa, 4178 (3), 328–346.

Muñoz, J., Gómez, A., Green, A.J., Figuerola, J., Amat, F. & Rico, C. (2010) Evolutionary origin and phylogeography of the diploid obligate parthenogen Artemia parthenogenetica (Branchiopoda: Anostraca). PLoS ONE, 5 (8), e11932.

Mura, G. & Brecciaroli, B. (2004) Use of morphological characters for species separation within the genus Artemia (Crustacea, Branchiopoda). Hydrobiologia, 520 (1), 179–183.

Nation, J.L. (1983) A new method using Hexamethyldisilazane for preparation of soft insect tissues for scanning electron microscopy. Stain Technology, 58 (6), 347–351.

Padhye, S.M. & Ghate, H.V. (2015) Morphological Reassessment of Triops cancriformis Bosc (Crustacea: Branchiopoda: Notostraca) Population from Kashmir, India with comments on the distribution of the species in India. Proceedings of the Zoological Society, 69 (1), 146–152.

Padhye, S.M. & Ghate, H.V. (2016) A new species of Leptestheria (Crustacea: Branchiopoda: Spinicaudata) from Western Maharashtra, India. Zootaxa, 4127 (2), 345–354.

Padhye, S.M. & Rabet, N. (2017) Re-description of two spiny clam shrimps (Crustacea: Branchiopoda: Spinicaudata) of the Indian subcontinent from Daday de Dees's collection at MNHN with new insights on the validity of Eulimnadia compressa (Baird, 1860) and Eulimnadia chaperi (Simon, 1886). Zootaxa, 4294 (3), 349–360.

Padhye, S.M., Timms, B. & Ghate, H.V. (2016) Large branchiopod (Crustacea: Branchiopoda) egg morphology of Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. Zootaxa, 4079 (2), 246–254.

Rabet, N. (2010) Revision of the egg morphology of Eulimnadia (Crustacea, Branchiopoda, Spinicaudata). Zoosystema, 32, 373–391.

Rogers, D.C. & Padhye, S.M. (2014) A new species of Streptocephalus (Crustacea: Anostraca: Streptocephalidae) from the Western Ghats, India, with a key to the Asian species. Zootaxa, 3802 (1), 75–84.

Rogers, D. & Padhye, S.M. (2015) Review of the large branchiopod crustacean fauna of the Indian Subcontinent (Anostraca,Notostraca, Laevicaudata, Spinicaudata, Cyclestherida). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 35, 392–406.

Rogers, D.C., Rabet, N. & Weeks, S.C. (2012) Revision of the extant genera of Limnadiidae (Branchiopoda: Spinicaudata). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 32, 827–842.

Rogers, D.C., Thaimuangphol, W., Saengphan, N. & Sanoamuang, L. (2013) Current knowledge of the Southeast Asian large branchiopod Crustacea (Anostraca, Notostraca, Laevicaudata, Spinicaudata, Cyclestherida). Journal of Limnology, 72, 69–80.

Rogers, D.C., Dadseepai, P. & Sanoamuang, L.O. (2016) The spinicaudatan clam shrimps (Branchiopoda: Diplostraca) of Thailand. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 36 (4), 567–575.

Rogers, D.C., Chang, T.C. & Wang, Y.C. (2017) A new Eocyzicus (Branchiopoda: Spinicaudata) from Taiwan, with a review of the genus. Zootaxa, 4318 (2), 254–270.

Rogers, C., Kotov, A., Sinev, A., Korovchinsky, G., Smirnov, N. & Bekker, E. (2018) Branchiopoda. In: Rogers, D.C. & Thorp, J. (Eds.), Thorp & Covich's Freshwater Invertebrates: Palaearctic Fauna. Elsevier Publishing, San Diego. [in press]

Richter, S. & Timms, B.V. (2005) A list of the recent clam shrimps (Crustacea: Laevicaudata, Spinicaudata, Cyclestherida) of Australia, including a description of a new species of Eocyzicus. Records of the Australian Museum, 57 (3), 341.

Schwentner, M., Timms, B., Bastrop, R. & Richter, S. (2009) Phylogeny of Spinicaudata (Branchiopoda, Crustacea) based on three molecular markers—An Australian origin for Limnadopsis. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 53, 716–725.

Shu, S., Rogers, D.C., Chen, X. & Yang, J. (2015) Two new species of clam shrimp (Branchiopoda: Spinicaudata) from Yunnan Province, China. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 35, 454–460.

Timms, B.V. (2016) A partial revision of the Australian Eulimnadia Packard, 1874 (Branchiopoda: Spinicaudata: Limnadiidae). Zootaxa, 4066 (4), 351–389.

Timms, B.V. & Lindsay, S. (2011) Morphometrics of the resting eggs of the fairy shrimp Branchinella in Australia (Anostraca: Thamnocephalidae). Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 133, 51–68.

Velu, C.S. & Munuswamy, N. (2005) Updated diagnoses for the Indian species of Streptocephalus (Crustacea: Branchiopoda: Anostraca). Zootaxa, 1049, 33–48.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand