Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A new species of Buenia (Perciformes: Gobiidae) from the western Mediterranean slope bottoms, the redescription of Buenia jeffreysi and the first Balearic record of Buenia affinis



A new gobiid species, Buenia lombartei sp. nov. (Teleostei: Gobiidae) is described from the continental slope off the Balearic Islands, western Mediterranean. The Atlantic species Buenia jeffreysii (Günther, 1867) is redescribed and the first record of Buenia affinis Iljin, 1930 is reported for the islands. A key for the species of genus Buenia is provided. The new species can be distinguished from congeneric species by morphological characters: anterior oculoscapular canal semi-closed with pores σ, λ, κ, α, ρ and additional pores and open furrows; suborbital row c of 6 papillae; anal fin I/7-I/8; scales in lateral series 25-27; scales in transverse series 6; pectoral fin rays 18; the second spine of the first dorsal fin longest, backwards reaching to middle second dorsal fin in males when folded down; pelvic fin anterior membrane reduced to less than one sixth of spinous ray in midline depth; tongue well developed and bilobed and several morphometric characters. The new species is also characterized by its reduced colouration and unique depth range and occurrence on upper slope muddy bottoms. Contrary to this, only a small number of gobiid species in the Mediterranean reach beyond the circalittoral to the deep shelf, and just a few have records below the shelf break. Phylogenetic analysis of their mitochondrial COI sequence grouped the two specimens within the same clade as B. jeffreysii, but one apomorphic transversion diagnoses the B. lombartei subclade. A hypothesis about rapid speciation of B. lombartei as well as alternative hypotheses are discussed. During the Last Glacial Maximum, boreal fish species such as cold-water adapted gadids, now restricted to northwestern Europe, entered the Mediterranean. This may have also been the case of the boreal population of B. jeffreysii. At the end of the glacial period, increasingly warming Mediterranean waters might restricted B. jeffreysii to deeper coldwater mud habitats of the upper slope, where it finally adapted to bathyal conditions.




Pisces, Buenia lombartei sp. nov., first record, Balearic Islands, key to species, continental slope

Full Text:

PDF (18MB)


Abelló, P., Valladares, F.J. & Castellón A. (1988) Analysis of the structure of decapod crustacean assemblages off the Catalan coast (North-West Mediterranean). Marine Biology, 98, 39–49.

Agorreta, A., San Mauro, D., Schliewen, U., Van Tassell, J.L., Kovačić, M. & Zardoya, R. & Ruber, L. (2013) Molecular phylogenetics of Gobioidei and phylogenetic placement of European gobies. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 69, 619–633.

Balbín, R., López-Jurado, J.L., Flexas, M.M., Reglero, P., Vélez-Velchí, P., González-Pola, C., Rodríguez, J.M., García, A. & Alemany, F. (2014) Interannual variability of the early summer circulation around the Balearic Islands: Driving factors and potential effects on the marine ecosystem. Journal of Marine Systems, 138, 70–81.

Barluenga, M., Stölting, K.N., Salzburger, W., Muschick, M. & Meyer, A. (2006) Sympatric speciation in Nicaraguan crater lake cichlid fish. Nature, 439, 719–723.

Behrmann-Godel, J., Nolte, A. W., Kreiselmaier, J., Berka, R. & Freyhof, J. (2017) The first European cave fish. Current Biology, 27, R243–R258.

Bertrand, J.A., Gil de Sola, L., Papaconstantinou, C., Relini, G. & Souplet, A. (2002) The general specifications of the MEDITS surveys. Scientia Marina, 66 (Supplement 2), 9–17.

Birdsong, R.S., Murdy, E.O. & Pezold, F.L. (1988) A study of the vertebral column and median fin osteology in gobioid fishes with comments on gobioid relationships. Bulletin of Marine Science, 42, 174–214.

Byrkjedal, I., Wienerroither, R. & Jensen, G. (2016) Lebetus scorpioides and Buenia jeffreysii (Teleostei: Gobiidae) found north of the Arctic Circle. Fauna norvegica, 36, 47–50.

Cortés-Sánchez, M., Morales-Muñiz, A., Simón-Vallejo, M.D., Bergadà-Zapata, M.M., Delgado-Huertas, A., López-García, P., López-Sáez, J.A., Lozano-Francisco, M.C., Riquelme-Cantal, J.A., Roselló-Izquierdo, E., Sánchez-Marco, A., &Vera-Peláez, J.L. (2008) Palaeoenvironmental and cultural dynamics of the coast of Málaga (Andalusia, Spain) during the Upper Pleistocene and Early Holocene. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27, 2176–2193.

de Queiroz, K. (2007) Species concepts and species delimitation. Systematic Biology, 56, 879–886.

Engin, S., Keskin, A.C., Akdemir, T., Seyhan, D. (2014) First record of the goby Buenia affinis Iljin, 1930 (Gobiidae) from the Aegean Sea and Sea of Marmara. Zoology in the Middle East, 60 (4), 368–371.

Fernandes, P., Cook, R., Florin, A., Lorance, P., Nielsen, J. & Nedreaas, K. (2015) Molva molva. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T198593A45132914. Available from: (accessed 25 September 2017)

Geiger, M.F. & Schliewen, U.K. (2010) Gymnocephalus ambriaelacus, a new species of ruffe from Lake Ammersee, southern Germany (Teleostei, Perciformes, Percidae). Spixiana, 33, 119–137.

Günther, A., (1867) Additions to the British Fauna. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 3, 20 (118), 288–291.

Herder, F., Nolte, A., Pfaender, J., Schwarzer, J., Hadiaty, R.K. & Schliewen, U.K. (2006) Adaptive radiation and hybridization in Wallace’s Dreamponds: evidence from sailfin silversides in the Malili Lakes of Sulawesi. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B Biological Sciences, 273, 2209–2217.

Hudson, A. G., Vonlanthen, P., Müller, R. & Seehausen, O. (2007) Review: The geography of speciation and adaptive radiation in coregonines. Advances in Limnology, 60, 111–146.

Kettle, A.J., Morales-Muñiz, A., Rosselló-Izquierdo, E., Heindrick, D. & Vøllestad, L.A. (2011) Refugia of marine fish in the northeast Atlantic during the last glacial maximum: concordant assessment from archaeozoology and palaeotemperature reconstructions. Climate of the Past 7, 181–201.

Knebelsberger, T. & Thiel, R. (2014) Identification of gobies (Teleostei: Perciformes: Gobiidae) from the North and Baltic Seas combining morphological analysis and DNA barcoding. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 172, 831–845.

Kovačić, M. (2002) A northern Adriatic population of Buenia affinis (Gobiidae). Cybium, 26, 197–201.

Kovačić, M. & Patzner, R.A. (2009) Reidentification of Buenia specimens (Gobiidae) from Banyuls-sur-Mer (France, western Mediterranean). Cybium, 33, 175–176.

Kovačić, M., Bonello, J.J. & Evans, J. (2013) Three new records of Gobiidae from Malta with morphology, colouration and identification of the smallest known juveniles of two small gobiid species. Cybium, 37, 233–239.

Kovačić, M., Ordines, F. & Schliewen, U.K. (2016) A new species of Speleogobius (Teleostei: Gobiidae) from the Red Sea. Zootaxa, 4066 (3), 301–310.

Kovačić, M., Ordines, F. & Schliewen, U.K. (2017) A new species of Buenia (Teleostei: Gobiidae) from the western Mediterranean Sea, with the description of this genus. Zootaxa, 4250 (5), 447–460.

Le Danois E. (1910) Sur la faune ichthyologique du Maerl. Bulletin de la Societe Zoologique Paris, 35, 167–171.

López-Jurado, J.L., Marcos, M. & Monserrat, S. (2008) Hydrographic conditions affectingtwo fishing grounds of Mallorca island (Western Mediterranean): during the IDEA Project (2003–2004). Journal of Marine Systems, 71, 303–315.

Louisy, P. (2015) Europe and Mediterranean Marine Fish Identification Guide. 3rd Edition. Ulmer, Paris, 512 pp.

McKay, S.I. & Miller, P.J. (1997) The affinities of European sand gobies (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Journal of Natural History, 31, 1457–1482.

Miller, P.J. (1963) Taxonomy and biology of the genus Lebetus (Teleostei-Gobioidea). Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Zoology), 10, 207–256.

Miller, P.J. (1986) Gobiidae. In: Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C., Nielsen, J. & Tortonese, E. (Eds.), Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Vol. 3. UNESCO, Paris, pp. 1019–1085.

Mytilineou, Ch., Politou, C.-Y., Papaconstantinou, C., Kavadas, S., D’ Onghia, G. & Sion, L. (2005) Deep-water fish fauna in the eastern Ionian Sea (Greece). Belgian Journal of Zoology, 135 (2), 229–233.

Ordines, F., Farriols, M.T., Lleonart, J., Guijarro, B., Quetglas, A. & Massutí, E. (2014) Biology and population dynamics of by-catch fish species of the bottom trawl fishery in the western Mediterranean. Mediterranean Marine Science, 15 (3), 613–625.

Ordines, F. & Massutí, E. (2009) Relationships between macroepibenthic communities and fish on the shelf grounds of the western Mediterranean. Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 19 (4), 370–383.

Palandačić, A., Naseka, A., Ramler, D. & Ahnelt, H. (2017) Contrasting morphology with molecular data: an approach to revision of species complexes based on the example of European Phoxinus (Cyprinidae). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 17, 184.

Puebla, O. (2009) Ecological speciation in marine v. freshwater fishes. Journal of Fish Biology, 75, 960–996.

Quetglas, A., Guijarro, B., Ordines, F. & Massutí, E. (2012) Stock boundaries for fisheries assessment and management in the Mediterranean: the Balearic Islands as a case study. Scientia Marina, 76 (1), 17–28.

Quignard, J.P. & Raibaut, A. (1993) Ichthyofaune de la côte Languedocienne (Golfe du Lion). Modifications faunistiques et démographiques. Vie Milieu, 43 (4), 191–195.

Ramon, M. L., Lobel, P.S. & Sorenson, M.D. (2003) Lack of mitochondrial genetic structure in hamlets (Hypoplectrus spp.): recent speciation or ongoing hybridization? Molecular Ecology, 12, 2975–2980.

Rohling, E.J., Abu-Zied, R.H., Casford, J.S.L., Hayes, A. & Hoogakker, B.A.A. (2009) The marine environment: present and past. In: Woodward, J.C. (Ed.), The Physical Geography of the Mediterranean. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 33–67.

Sanzo, L. (1911) Distribuzione delle papille cutanee (organi ciatiforme) e suo valore sistematico nei Gobi. Mitteilungen aus der Zoologischen Station zu Neapel, 20, 249–328.

Saruwatari, T., López, J.A. & Pietsch, T.W. (1997) Cyanine blue: a versatile and harmless stain for specimen observation. Copeia, 1997 (4), 840–841.

Schliewen, U.K., Rassmann, K., Markmann, M., Markert, J., Kocher, T. & Tautz, D. (2001) Genetic and ecological divergence of a monophyletic cichlid species pair under fully sympatric conditions in Lake Ejagham, Cameroon. Molecular Ecology, 10, 1471–1488.

Schliewen, U.K. & Kovačić, M. (2008) Didogobius amicuscaridis spec. nov. and D. wirtzi spec. nov., two new species of symbiotic gobiid fish from São Tomé and Cape Verde islands. Spixiana, 31, 247–261.

Spalding, M.D., Fox, H.E., Allen, G.R., Davison, N., Ferdana, Z.A., Finlayson, M., Halpern B.S., Jorge, M.A., Lombana, A., Kirsten, S.A.L., Martin, D., McManus, E., Molnar, J., Recchia, C.A. & Robertson, J. (2007) Marine ecoregions of the world: a bioregionalization of coastal and shelf areas. Bioscience 57, 573–583.

Stelbrink, B. & Freyhof, J. (2006) Reduction of scales and head canals in Pomatoschistus canestrini (Ninni, 1883) (Teleostei, Gobiidae). Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Ichthyologie, 5, 71–77.

Taylor, M.S. & Hellberg, M.E. (2003) Genetic evidence for local retention of pelagic larvae in a Caribbean reef fish. Science 299, 107–109.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand