Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Description of the larva of Adicella cremisa Malicky 1972 and a larval key to Central European species of Adicella McLachlan 1877 (Trichoptera: Leptoceridae)



This contribution describes the previously unknown larva of Adicella cremisa Malicky 1972. Information on the morphology of the 5th larval instar is given and the important diagnostic features are highlighted on micrographs. Within the genus Adicella the hitherto known larvae differ in color patterns of the head capsule, the morphology of the posterior process of abdominal segment I, and in setation patterns on the metanotum, metasternum, abdominal segment IX, and anal prolegs. With respect to zoogeography, A. filicornis and A. reducta are widespread throughout Europe whereas A. cremisa is restricted to European Ecoregions 3 (Italian Mainland), 5 (Dinaric Western Balkan: Slovenia, Croatia), 9 (Central Highlands: Austria) and 11 (Hungarian Plains; Vienna). Based on mandible morphology, A. cremisa is likely a collector-gatherer and shredder.



Trichoptera, 5th instar larva, Mauerbach, rare species, description, habitat, ecology, distribution

Full Text:



Barbour, M.T., Gerritsen, J., Snyder, B.D. & Stribling, J.B. (1999) Rapid Bioassessment Protocols for Use in Streams and Wadeable Rivers: Periphyton, Benthic Macroinvertebrates and Fish. 2nd Edition. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water, Washington, D.C., 339 pp. [EPT 841-B-99-002]

Barbour, M.T. & Yoder, C.O. (2000) The multimetric approach to bioassessment, as used in the United States of America. In: Wright, J.F., Sutcliffe, D.W. & Furse, M.T. (Eds.), Assessing the Biological Quality of Fresh Waters: RIVPACS and Other Techniques. Freshwater Biological Association, Ambleside, pp. 281–292.

Botosaneau, L. & Malicky, H. (1978) Trichoptera. In: Illies, J. (Ed.), Limnofauna Europaea. G. Fischer, Stuttgart, pp. 333–359.

Botosaneanu, L. & Novak (1965) Les espèces européennes du genre Adicella McL (Trichoptera). Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca, 62, 468–479.

Cianficconi, F. & Moretti, G.P. (1987) Trichoptera colonization in the irrigated meadows of Norcia (Umbria, Italy). In: Bournaud, M. & Tachet, H. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Trichoptera, Lyon, France, 21–26 July 1986. Series Entomologica, Vol. 39. W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 343–347.

Coppa, G., Le Doaré, J. & González, M. (2008) Additions à la faune des Trichoptères de France: Adicella josephinae González & Otero, 1980 [Trichoptera, Leptoceridae]. Ephemera, 10 (1), 11–14.

Ćukušić, A., Ćuk, R., Previšić, A., Podnar, M., Delić, A. & Kučinić, M. (2017) DNA barcoding and first records of two rare Adicella species (Trichoptera, Leptoceridae) in Croatia. Biologia, 72/7, pp. 796–806.

Fabricius, J.C. (1775) Systema Entomologiae, Sistens Insectorum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species Adiectis Synonymis, Locis, Descriptionibus, Observationibus. In Officina Libraria Kortii, Flensburgi [Flensburg] et Lipsae [Leipzig], 832 pp.

Gonzalez, M.A. & Otero, J.C. (1981) Descripcion de Adicella josephinae n. sp. de la Peninsula Iberica (Trichoptera, Leptoceridae). Nouvelle Revue d'Entomologie, 10 (2) (“1980”), 201–203.

Graf, W., Schmidt-Kloiber, A. & Moritz, C. (1998) Köcherfliegenfunde aus Österreich. Lauterbornia, Dinkelscherben, 34, 205–213.

Graf, W., Grasser, U. & Waringer, J. (2002) Trichoptera.- Teile IIIA, IIIB, IIIC, IIID. In: Moog, O. (Ed.), Fauna Aquatica Austriaca. 2nd Edition. Wasserwirtschaftskataster, Bundesministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Wien, pp. 1–41.

Graf, W., Murphy, J., Dahl, J., Zamora-Muñoz, C. & López-Rodríguez, M.J. (2008) Distribution and Ecological Preferences of European Freshwater Organisms. Vol. 1. Trichoptera. Pensoft, Sofia-Moscow, 388 pp.

Hadley, A. (2008) CombineZP. Available from: (accessed 12 May 2012)

Hering, D., Johnson, R.K., Kramm, S., Schmutz, S., Szoszkiewicz, K. & Verdonschot, P.F.M. (2006) Assessment of European streams with diatoms, macrophytes, macroinvertebrates and fish: a comparative metric-based analysis of organism response to stress. Freshwater Biology, 51, 1757–1785.

Holzenthal, R.W. & Andersen, T. (2004) The caddisfly genus Triaenodes in the Neotropics (Trichoptera: Leptoceridae). Zootaxa, 511, 1–80.

Illies, J. (Ed.) (1978) Limnofauna Europaea. A checklist of the animals inhabiting european inland waters, with an account of their distribution and ecology. 2nd Edition. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, 552 pp.

Krušnik, C. (1992) The red list of endangered Trichoptera (Insecta) in Slovenia. Varstvo Naravae, Ljubljana, 17, 105–108.

Krušnik, C. & Urbanič, G. (2002) Preliminary list of Slovenian Trichoptera. In: Mey, W. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Trichoptera, Potsdam, Germany, July 30–August 5, 2000. Nova Supplementa Entomologica. Vol. 15. Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Goecke & Evers, Keltern, pp. 359–364.

Lenat, D.R. & Resh, V.H. (2001) Taxonomy and stream ecology – The benefits of genus- and species-level identifications. Journal of the North American Benthologcial Society, 20, 287–298.

Malicky, H. (1972) Weitere neue Arten und Fundorte von westpaläarktischen Köcherfliegen (Trichoptera), vor allem aus dem östlichen Mediterrangebiet. Mitteilungen der Entomologischen Gesellschaft Basel, 22, 25–68.

Malicky, H. (1976) Beschreibung von 22 neuen westpaläarktischen Köcherfliegen (Trichoptera). Zeitschrift der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Österreichischer Entomologen, 27 (“1975”), 89–104.

Malicky, H. (1977) Weitere neue und wenig bekannte mediterrane Köcherfliegen (Trichoptera). Nachrichtenblatt der Bayerischen Entomologen, 26, 65–77.

Malicky, H. (1987) Die Köcherfliegen der Türkei (Trichoptera). Part 1. Entomofauna, 8 (7), 77–168.

Malicky, H. (2004) Atlas of European Trichoptera, Second Edition. Springer, Dordrecht, 359 pp.

Malicky, H. (2005) Ein kommentiertes Verzeichnis der Köcherfliegen (Trichoptera) Europas und des Mediterrangebietes. Linzer Biologische Beiträge, 37, 533–596.

Mey, W. & Jung, R. (1986) Beschreibung von neuen Köcherfliegen aus Armenien (Insecta, Trichoptera). Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift für Natur Forschung, 33, 269–275.

McLachlan, R. (1865) Trichoptera Britannica. A monograph of British species of caddis- flies. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 5, 1–184.

McLachlan, R. (1877) A Monographic Revision and Synopsis of the Trichoptera of the European Fauna. Part 6. John van Voorst and Friedländer & Sohn, London and Berlin, 68 pp. [pp. 281–348]

Moretti, G.P. & Cianficcioni, F. (1995) Trichoptera. In: Minelli A., Ruffo S. & La Posta S. (Eds.), Checklist delle specie della fauna italiana. Part 79. Calderini, Bologna. pp. 1–17.

Morton, K.J. (1906) A new species of Adicella from Spain. Entomologist, 39, 275–276.

Pictet, F.J. (1834) Recherches pour Servir à l'Histoire et l'Anatomie des Phryganides. A. Cherbuliez, Geneva, 235 pp.

Resh, V.H. & Unzicker, J.D. (1975) Water quality monitoring and aquatic organisms: the importnace of species identification. Journal of the Water Pollution Control Federation, 47, 9–19.

Resh, V.H. & McElravy, E.P. (1993) Contemporary quantitative approaches to biomonitoring using benthic macroinvertebrates. In: Rosenberg, D.M. & Resh, V.H. (Eds.), Freshwater Biomonitoring and Benthic Macroinvertebrates. Chapman & Hall, New York, pp. 159–194.

Schmidt-Kloiber, A. & Nijboer, R. (2004) The effect of taxonomic resolution on the assessment of ecological water quality classes. Hydrobiologia, 516, 269–283.

Smith, M.J., Kay, W.R., Edward, D.H.D., Papas, P.J., Richardson, K.S., Simpson, J.C., Pinder, A.M., Gale, D.J., Horwitz, P.H.J., Davis, J.A., Yung, F.H., Norris, R.H. & Halse, S.A. (1999) AusRivAS: using macroinvertebrates to assess ecological condition of rivers in Western Australia. Freshwater Biology, 41, 269–282.

Ulmer, G. (1907) Neue Trichopteren. Notes from the Leyden Museum, 29, 1–53.

Usseglio-Polatera, P., Bournaud, M., Richoux, P. & Tachet, H. (2000) Biomonitoring through biological traits of benthic macro-invertebrates: how to use species traits databases? In: Jungwirth, M., Muhar, S. & Schmutz, S. (Eds.), Assessing the Ecological Integrity of Running Waters. Hydrobiologia, 422/423, pp. 153–162.

Verdonschot, P.F.M. (2000) Integrated ecological assessment methods as a basis for sustainable catchment management. In: Jungwirth, M., Muhar, S. & Schmutz, S. (Eds.), Assessing the Ecological Integrity of Running Waters. Hydrobiologia, 422/423, pp. 389–412.

Vieira-Lanero, R., Gonzalez, M.A. & Cobo, F. (1997) The larva of Adicella meridionalis Morton, 1906 (Trichoptera, Leptoceridae). Aquatic Insects, 19 (2), 123–128.

Wallace, I.D., Wallace, B. & Philipson, G.N. (2003) A Key to the Case-bearing Caddis Larvae of Britain and Ireland. Freshwater Biological Association Scientific Publication, 61, 1–259.

Waringer, J. & Graf, W. (2011) Atlas of Central European Trichoptera Larvae. Erik MauchVerlag, Dinkelscherben, 468 pp.

Waringer, J., Malicky, H., Graf, W. & Vitecek, S. (2017) The larva of Adicella syriaca Ulmer 1907, including a key to the European larvae of Adicella McLachlan, 1877 (Trichoptera, Leptoceridae). ZooKeys, 711, 131–140.

Wiggins, G.B. (1998) Larvae of the North American Caddisfly Genera (Trichoptera). 2nd Edition. University of Toronto Press, Toronto, 457 pp.

Wright, J.F., Sutcliffe, D.W. & Furse, M.T. (2000) Assessing the biological quality of fresh waters: RIVPACS and other techniques. Freshwater Biological Association, Ambleside, 26 pp.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand