Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A new species of fan-throated lizard of the genus Sitana Cuvier, 1829 from coastal Kerala, southern India 

KALESH SADASIVAN, M. B. RAMESH, MUHAMED JAFER PALOT, MAYURESH AMBEKAR, ZEESHAN A. MIRZA

Abstract


We here describe Sitana attenboroughii sp. nov., a new species of fan-throated lizard of the genus Sitana Cuvier, 1829 from coastal Kerala in southern India. The new species morphologically is closer to Sitana visiri Deepak, 2016 (in Deepak et al. 2016a), however, differs in having higher numbers of ventral scales and a comparatively short but richly colored dewlap. Genetically the new species shows affinity to Sitana marudhamneydhal Deepak, Khandekar, Varma & Chaitanya, 2016 from which it differs in an uncorrected pairwise sequence divergence of 2.2% for a fragment of mitochondrial Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide dehydrogenase (NADH) subunit 2 gene.

 


Keywords


Reptilia, taxonomy, India, molecular phylogeny, mitochondrial DNA, Kerala

Full Text:

PDF (7MB)

References


Agarwal, I., Mirza, Z.A., Pal, S., Maddock, S.T., Mishra, A. & Bauer, A.M. (2016) A new species of the Cyrtodactylus (Geckoella) collegalensis (Beddome, 1870) complex (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Western India. Zootaxa, 4170 (2), 339–354.
https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4170.2.7

Amarasinghe, A.A.T., Ineich, I., Karunarathna, D.M.S.S., Botejue, W.M.S. & Campbell, P.D. (2015) Two new species of the genus Sitana Cuvier, 1829 (Reptilia: Agamidae) from Sri Lanka, including a taxonomic revision of the Indian Sitana species. Zootaxa, 3915 (1), 67–98.
https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3915.1.3

Deepak, V., Giri, V.B., Asif, M., Dutta, S.K., Vyas, R., Zambre, A.M., Bhosale, H. & Karanth, P. (2016a) Systematics and phylogeny of Sitana ( Reptilia : Agamidae ) of Peninsular India , with the description of one new genus and five new species. Contributions to Zoology, 85, 67–111.

Deepak, V., Khandekar, A., Varma, S. & Chaitanya, R. (2016)b) Description of a new species of Sitana Cuvier, 1829 from southern India. Zootaxa, 4139 (2), 167–182.
https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4139.2.2

Deepak, V., Vyas, R., Giri, V.B. & Praveen Karanth, K. (2015) A taxonomic mystery for more than 180 years: The identity and systematic position of Brachysaura minor (HARDWICKE & GRAY, 1827). Vertebrate Zoology, 65, 371–381.

Grismer, J.L., Schulte, J.A., Alexander, A., Wagner, P., Travers, S.L., Buehler, M.D., Welton, L.J. & Brown, R.M. (2016) The Eurasian invasion: phylogenomic data reveal multiple Southeast Asian origins for Indian Dragon Lizards. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 16, 43.
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-016-0611-6

Kamath, A. (2016) Variation in Display Behavior, Ornament Morphology, Sexual Size Dimorphism, and Habitat Structure in the Fan-Throated Lizard (Sitana, Agamidae). Journal of Herpetology, 50, 394–403.
https://doi.org/10.1670/15-040

Kearse, M., Moir, R. & Wilson, A. (2012) Geneious Basic: an integrated and extendable desktop software platform for the organization and analysis of sequence data. Bioinformatics, 28, 1647–1649.
https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/bts199

Lanfear, R., Calcott, B., Ho, S. & Guindon, S. (2012) PartitionFinder: combined selection of partitioning schemes and substitution models for phylogenetic analyses. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 29, 1695–1701.
https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mss020

Macey, J.R., Larson, A., Ananjeva, N., Fand, Z. & Papenfuss, T.J. (1997) Two novel gene orders and the role of light-strand replication in rearrangement of the vertebrate mitochondrial genome. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 14, 91–104.
https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a025706

Mirza, Z.A., Vyas, R., Patel, H., Maheta, J. & Sanap, R. V (2016) A New Miocene-Divergent Lineage of Old World Racer Snake from India. PloS one, 11 (3) , e0, 1–17.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0148380

Pyron, R., Burbrink, F. & Wiens, J. (2013) A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 13 (93), 1–53.
https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-13-93

Ronquist, F. & Huelsenbeck, J. (2003) MrBayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models. Bioinformatics, 19, 1572–1574.

Silvestro, D. & Michalak, I. (2012) raxmlGUI: a graphical front-end for RAxML. Organisms Diversity & Evolution, 12, 335–337.

Tamura, K., Stecher, G., Peterson, D., Filipski, A. & Kumar, S. (2013) MEGA6: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis version 6.0. Molecular biology and evolution, 30, 2725–2729.
https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mst197

Thompson, J. & Gibson, T. (2002) Multiple sequence alignment using ClustalW and ClustalX. Current protocols in. [published online]
https://doi.org/10.1002/0471250953.bi0203s00




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4374.4.5

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand