Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Morphological evidence uncovers a new species of Goniurosaurus (Squamata: Eublepharidae) from the Hainan Island, China

RUN-BANG ZHOU, NING WANG, BEI CHEN, BIN LIANG

Abstract


A new species of the genus Goniurosaurus, G. zhoui sp. nov., is described based on specimens collected from karst areas in Hainan Island, China. Quantitative comparison of morphological traits and egg size with two known endemic species in Hainan Island and other known congeners confirmed the distinctiveness of G. zhoui sp. nov., which has a moderate size with a snout-vent length of 93.4–97.4 mm; light purple-brown dorsal ground color in adults; a posteriorly protracted nuchal loop on nape; four faint, purple-gray body bands bearing dark purple spots between and on them; eight nasal scales surrounding nares; single internasal; 49–62 eyelid fringe scales; 130–140 scales around midbody; 11 granular scales surrounding the dorsal tubercles; 36–38 precloacal pores in males (absent in females); claws sheathed by four scales, two lateral scales long and curved. We provide the first data on the natural history of the new species and an expanded key to Goniurosaurus species on Hainan Island and the adjacent mainland. The discovery of the new species facilitates our understanding of the speciation process on continental islands.

 


Keywords


Reptilia, new species, taxonomy, karst topography, Goniurosaurus

Full Text:

PDF (3MB)

References


Bauer, A.M. (1999) Evolutionary scenarios in the Pachydactylus Group geckos of southern Africa: new hypotheses. African Journal of Herpetology, 48, 53–62.

https://doi.org/10.1080/21564574.1999.9651072

Blair, C., Orlov, N.L., Shi, H.T. & Murphy, R.W. (2009) A taxonomic re-evaluation of Goniurosaurus hainanensis (Squamata: Eublepharidae) from Hainan Island, China. Russian Journal of Herpetology, 16, 35–40.

Chen, T., Meng, Y., Jiang, K., Li, P., Wen, B., Lu, W., Lazell, J. & Hou, M. (2014) New record of the Leopard Gecko Goniurosaurus araneus (Squamata: Eublepharidae) for China and habitat partitioning between geographically and phylogenetically close Leopard Geckos. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians, 21, 16–27.

Clements, R., Sodhi, N.S., Schilthuizen, M. & Ng, P.K.L. (2006) Limestone karsts of southeast Asia: Imperiled arks of biodiversity. Bioscience, 56, 733–742.

https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2006)56[733:lkosai]2.0.co;2

Fairbairn, D.J., Blackenhorn, W.U. & Székely, T. (2007) Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism. Oxford University Press, New York, 159 pp.

https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208784.001.0001

Gamble, T., Greenbaum, E., Jackman, T.R., Russell, A.P. & Bauer, A.M. (2012) Repeated origin and loss of adhesive toepads in geckos. Plos One, 7, e39429.

https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039429

Grismer, L.L., Haitao, S., Orlov, N.L. & Ananjeva, N.B. (2002) A new species of Goniurosaurus (Squamata: Eublepharidae) from Hainan Island, China. Journal of Herpetology, 36, 217–224.

https://doi.org/10.2307/1565994

Grismer, L.L., Ota, H. & Tanaka, S. (1994) Phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of Goniurosaurus kuroiwae (Squamata, Eublepharidae) from the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan, with description of a new subspecies. Zoological Science, 11, 319–335.

Grismer, L.L., Viets, B.E. & Boyle, L.J. (1999) Two new continental species of Goniurosaurus (Squamata: Eublepharidae) with a phylogeny and evolutionary classification of the genus. Journal of Herpetology, 33, 382–393.

https://doi.org/10.2307/1565635

Grismer, L.L., Wood, P.L., Anuar S., Grismer, M.S., Muin, M.A., Davis, H.R., Aguilar, C., Klaback, R., Cobos, A.J., Aowphol, A. & Sites Jr, J. (2016a) Two new Bent-toed Geckos of the Cyrtodactylus pulchellus complex from Peninsular Malaysia and multiple instances of convergent adaptation to limestone forest ecosystems. Zootaxa, 4105 (5), 401–429.

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4105.5.1

Grismer, L.L., Wood, P.L., Anuar, S., Davis, H.R., Cobos, A.J. & Murdoch, M.L. (2016b). A new species of karst forest Bent-toed Gecko (genus Cyrtodactylus Gray) not yet threatened by foreign cement companies and a summary of Peninsular Malaysia’s endemic karst forest herpetofauna and the need for its conservation. Zootaxa, 4061 (1), 1–17.

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4061.1.1

Honda, M. & Ota, H. (2017) On the live coloration and partial mitochondrial DNA sequences in the topotypic population of Goniurosaurus kuroiwae orientalis (Squamata: Eublepharidae), with description of a new subspecies from Tokashikijima Island, Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Asian Herpetological Research, 8, 96–107.

https://doi.org/10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.170003

Kratochvil, L. & Frynta, D. (2006) Body-size effect on egg size in eublepharid geckos (Squamata : Eublepharidae), lizards with invariant clutch size: negative allometry for egg size in ectotherms is not universal. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 88, 527–532.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2006.00627.x

Lindenmayer, D. & Scheele, B. (2017) Do not publish. Science, 356, 800–801.

https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aan1362

Nakamura, Y., Takahashi, A. & Ota, H. (2014) A new, recently extinct subspecies of the Kuroiwa's Leopard Gecko, Goniurosaurus kuroiwae (Squamata: Eublepharidae), from Yoronjima Island of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. Acta Herpetologica, 9, 61–73.

https://doi.org/10.13128/Acta_Herpetol-13269

Pyron, R.A., Burbrink, F.T. & Wiens, J.J. (2013) A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 13, 93.

https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-13-93

Student [Gosset, W.S.] (1908) The probable error of a mean. Biometrika, 6, 1–25.

https://doi.org/10.2307/2331554

Uetz, P., Freed, P. & Hošek, J. (2017) The Reptile Database. Available from: http://www.reptile-database.org/ (accessed 20 February 2017)

Wang, Y.Y., Jin, M.J., Li, Y.L. & Grismer, L.L. (2014) Description of a new species of Goniurosaurus (Squamata: Eublepharidae) from the Guangdong Province, China, based on molecular and morphological data. Herpetologica, 70, 309–322.

https://doi.org/10.1655/herpetologica-d-13-00080

Wang, Y.Y., Yang, J.H. & Cui, R.F. (2010) A new species of Goniurosaurus (Squamata: Eublepharidae) from Yingde, Guangdong Province, China. Herpetologica, 66, 229–240.

https://doi.org/10.1655/09-046r2.1

Wang, Y.Y., Yang, J.H. & Grismer, L.L. (2013) A new species of Goniurosaurus (Squamata: Eublepharidae) from Libo, Guizhou Province, China. Herpetologica, 69, 214–226.

https://doi.org/10.1655/herpetologica-d-12-00084

Wood, P.L., Grismer, L.L., Aowphol, A., Aguilar, C.A., Cota, M., Grismer, M.S., Murdoch, M.L. & Sites Jr., J.W. (2017) Three new karst-dwelling Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata; Gekkoniade) from Peninsular Thailand and the phylogenetic placement of C. punctatonuchalis and C. vandeventeri. PeerJ, 5, e2884.

https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2884

Yang, J.H. & Chan, B.P.L. (2015) Two new species of the genus Goniurosaurus (Squamata: Sauria: Eublepharidae) from southern China. Zootaxa, 3980 (1), 67–80.

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3980.1.4

Ziegler, T., Truong, N.Q., Schmitz, A., Stenke, R. & Rosler, H. (2008) A new species of Goniurosaurus from Cat Ba Island, Hai Phong, northern Vietnam (Squamata : Eublepharidae). Zootaxa, 1771, 16–30.
http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.182143




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4369.2.8

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand