Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Review of the leafhopper genus Penthimia Germar (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Deltocephalinae) from the Indian subcontinent with description of seven new species

M. SHOBHARANI, C.A. VIRAKTAMATH, M.D. WEBB

Abstract


Species of the leafhopper genus Penthimia Germar known from the Indian subcontinent are reviewed based on the examination of type specimens. Seven new species of the genus, Penthimia curvata sp. nov. (Karnataka: Bandipur), P. meghalayensis sp. nov. (Meghalaya: Nangpoh), P. neoattenuata sp. nov. (India: Tamil Nadu), P. ribhoi sp. nov. (India: Meghalaya), P. sahyadrica sp. nov. (Karnataka: Dharmasthala, Agumbe; Kerala: Thekkady), P. spiculata sp. nov. (Karnataka: Nagarahole) and P. tumida sp. nov. (Tamil Nadu: Ootacamund; Kerala: Munnar) are described. The following nomenclatorial changes are proposed: Penthimia alba Zahniser, McKamey & Dmitriev, 2012 (replacement name for P. thoracica Distant, 1918, nec Panzer, 1799), syn. nov. of P. quadrinotata Distant, 1918; Neodartus scutellatus Distant, 1908 syn. nov. of Penthimia ereba Distant 1908; P. nilgiriensis Distant, 1918 syn. nov. of P. montana Distant, 1918; P. scutellata (Distant) comb. nov. (from genus Neodartus); a lectotype is designated for P. maculosa Distant, stat. revived, thereby removing its synonymy with P. scapularis Distant. The following other lectotypes are designated: P. attenuata Distant, P. subniger Distant, P. scapularis Distant, P. distanti Baker, P. ereba Distant, N. scutellatus Distant, P. fraterna Distant, P. funebris Distant, P. juno Distant, P. maculosa Distant, P. montana Distant, P. noctua Distant, P. quadrinotata Distant, P. alba Zahniser, McKamey & Dmitriev. Examination of types of Penthimia rufopunctata Motschulsky revealed that it belongs to Penthimia and hence it is transferred back to that genus from Neodartus, revised placement. The following species previously included in the genus Penthimia are transferred to the genera Tambila Distant and Vulturnus Kirkaldy: Tambila badia (Distant) comb. nov., T. majuscula (Distant) comb. nov., T. vittatifrons (Distant) comb. nov., T. variabilis (Distant) comb. nov. and Vulturnus flavocapitata (Distant) comb. nov. Three species are treated in a new Penthimia compacta Walker complex, i.e., Penthimia compacta Walker 1851, Penthimia subniger Distant 1908 and Penthimia scapularis Distant 1908. All taxa are described and a key to Penthimiini genera found in the subcontinent and also a key to species of Penthimia are included.

 


Keywords


Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Penthimiini, morphology, new species, T.V. Campbell collection, V.I. Motschulsky collection

Full Text:

PDF (18MB)

References


Baker, C.F. (1924) Nomenclatorial notes on the Jassoidea [II]. Philippine Journal of Science, 24, 367.

Distant, W.L. (1908) Rhynchota: Homoptera and Appendix (Pt). In: Bingham, C.T. (Ed.), The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Vol. 4. Taylor & Francis, London, pp. 1–501.

Distant, W.L. (1912) Descriptions of some new Homoptera. Annals and Magazine Natural History, 10 (8), 444–446.
https://doi.org/10.1080/00222931208693257

Distant, W.L. (1918) Rhynchota- Homoptera: Appendix. Heteroptera: Addenda. In: Shipley, A.E. & Marshall, G.A.K. (Eds.), The Fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Vol. 7. Taylor & Francis, London, pp. 1–viii + 1–210.

Germar, E.T. (1821) Bermerkungen über einige Gattungen der Cicadarien. Entomological Magazine, 4, 1–106.

Hayashi, M. & Machida, K. (1996) A revision of the Japanese species of the Penthimiinae (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Japanese Journal of Systematic Entomology, 2, 55–73.

Kirkaldy, G.W. (1906) Leafhoppers and their natural enemies. (Pt. IX. Leafhoppers. Hemiptera). Hawaiin Sugar planters’ Association, Division of Entomology Bulletin, 1 (9), 271–479.

Lethierry, L. (1876) Homoptères nouveaux d’Europe et des contrés voisines. Comptes-rendus de la Société Entomologique de Belgique, 19, 5-–17.

Linnavuori, R. (1977) Revision of the Ethiopian Cicadellidae (Hemiptera-Homoptera) : Penthimiinae. Etudes du Continent Africain, Fascicle, 4, 1–76.

Melichar, L. (1902) Homoptren aus West China, Persean, und dem Sd-Ussuri-Gebiete. Annuaire du Musée Zoologique l’Académie Imépriale des Sciences de St. Petersbourg, 7, 76–146.

Melichar, L. (1903) Homopteren-Fauna von Ceylon. Verlag von Felix L. Dames, Berlin, 248 pp.

Metcalf, Z.P. (1962) General catalogue of the Homoptera. Fascicle VI. Cicadelloidea. Part 3. Gyponidae. Agriculture Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., 229 pp.

Motschulsky, V.I. (1863) Essai d'un catalogue des insectes de lîle Ceylan. Bulletin de la Société des naturalistes de Moscou, 36, 1–153.

Pruthi, H.S. (1934) Entomological investigations on the spike disease of sandal (14). Jassidae (Homopt.). Indian Forest Records, Entomology Series, 19 (4), 1–30.

Viraktamath, S. & Viraktamath, C.A. (1995) The leafhoppers (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) and their host plants in Karnataka. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 8, 249–255.

Walker, F. (1851) List of the specimens of Homopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part 3. Printed by Order of the Trustees, London, 271 pp. [pp. 637–907]




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4369.1.1

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand