Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Review of Chinese species of the leafhopper genus Amrasca Ghauri (Hemiptera, Cicadellidae, Typhlocybinae), with description of a new species, species checklist and notes on the identity of the Indian cotton leafhopper



The leafhopper genus Amrasca Ghauri from China is reviewed. Six species are included, of which three are reported for the first time from China. A new species, A. (Amrasca) complana Qin, Wang & Xu, sp. nov. is described based on specimens from south China. A complete checklist of the genus and an identification key to species in the Chinese fauna are provided. Jacobiasca curvata (Ahmed & Samad) comb. nov. is removed from Amrasca and A. (A.) singularis Einyu & Ahmed is treated as a species incertae sedis. Habitus photos of all Chinese Amrasca species and illustrations of male genitalia of the new species are also given. The male holotype specimen of Chlorita bimaculata Matsumura is here designated as the neotype of Empoasca biguttula Ishida to fix the identity of this economically important species and Sundapteryx Dworakowska is reinstated from synonymy as a subgenus of Amrasca. Thus, the correct scientific name of the Indian cotton leafhopper is Amrasca (Sundapteryx) biguttula (Ishida).



Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Empoascini, taxonomy, key

Full Text:



Ahmed, M. & Samad, K. (1972) Some new additions to the Typhlocybine fauna of East Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 15 (4-5), 285–290.

Ahmed, M., Samad, K. & Naheed, R. (1981) Empoascan leafhoppers infesting fruit and vegetable plants in Pakistan (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Entomologica Scandinavica, 12, 1–21.

Chopra, N.P. (1973) Cotton Jassid: a nomenclatural correction. Entomologists Record, 85, 88–89

Distant, W.L. (1918) Rhynchota, Homoptera. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma, pp. 71–210.

Dlabola, J. (1957) Die Zikaden Afghanistans (Homopt. - Auchenorrhyncha) nach den Ergebnissen der von Herrn J. Klapperich in den Jahren 1952-1953 nach Afghanistan unternommennen Expedition. Mitteilungen der Münchner Entomologischen Gesellschaft, E. V. Munchen, 47 (5), 265–303.

Dworakowska, I. (1970) On some genera of Typhlocybini and Empoascini (Auchenorrhyhcha: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae). Bulletin de l’Academie Polonaise des Science. Serie des Sciences Biologiques, 18 (11), 707–716.

Dworakowska, I. (1972) On some Oriental and Ethiopian genera of Empoascini (Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae). Bulletin de l’Academie Polonaise des Science. Serie des Sciences Biologiques, 20 (1), 25–34.

Dworakowska, I. (1976) On some Oriental and Ethiopian Typhlocybinae (Homoptera: (Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadellidae). Reichenbachia, 16 (1), 1–51.

Dworakowska, I. (1977a) On some Typhlocybinae from Vietnam (Homoptera: Cicadellidae). Folia Entomologica Hungarica, 30 (2), 9–47.

Dworakowska, I. (1977b) On some north Indian Typhlocybinae (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadellidae). Reichenbachia, 16 (29), 283–306.

Dworakowska, I. (1993) Remarks on Alebra Fieb. and Eastern Hemisphere Alebrini (Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae). Entomotaxonomia, 15, 91–121.

Dworakowska, I. (1994) Typhlocybinae (Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae) known to occur in Sri Lanka. Annotationes Zoologicae et Botanicae, 20 (216), 3–39.

Dworakowska, I. & Viraktamath, C.A. (1975) On some Typhlocybinae from India (Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadellidae). Bulletin de l'Academie Polonaise des Sciences. Serie des Sciences Biologiques, 23 (8), 521–530.

Einyu, P. & Ahmed, M. (1980) Typhlocybine leafhoppers of Rwenzori National Park, Uganda. Part II. Tribe Empoascini (Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadellidae). Reichenbachia, 18(2): 13–21.

Ghauri, M.S.K. (1963) Distinctive features and geographical distribution of two closely similar pests of cotton (Empoasca devastans Dist. and E. terraereginae Paoli) (Homoptera, Cicadellidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 53 (4), 653–656.

Ghauri, M.S.K. (1965) Notes on the Hemiptera from Pakistan and adjoining areas. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (Series 13), 7, 673–688.

Ghauri, M.S.K. (1967) New mango leafhoppers from the Oriental and Austro-oriental regions (Homoptera: Cicadelloidea). The Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London, (B). 36 (11–12), 159–166.

Ghauri, M.S.K. (1983) Scientific name of the Indian cotton jassid. In: W.J. Knight, N.C. Pant, T.S. Robertson and M.R. Wilson (Editors), Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Biotaxonomy, Classification and Biology of Leafhoppers and Planthoppers (Auchenorrhyncha) of Economic Importance, London, 47 October 1982. Commonwealth Institute of Entomology, London, pp. 97–103.

Ishida, M. (1913) Report on pests of cotton. Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute Publication No 13.

Jacobi, A. (1941) Die Zikadenfauna der Kleinen Sundainseln. Nach der Expeditionsausbeute von B. Rensch. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systemetik, Okologie und Geographie der Tiere. Jena, 74, 277–322.

Kuoh, C.-L. (1966) Economic Insect Fauna of China. Fasc. 10 (Homoptera Cicadellidae). Fauna Editorial Committee, Academia Sinica. Science Press, Beijing, China. pp. 1–170.

Linnavuori, R. (1960) Homoptera: Cicadellidae. Insects of Micronesia. 6 (5), 231–344.

Linnavuori, R. (1975) Homoptera: Cicadellidae supplement. Insects of Micronesia, 6 (9), 611–632.

Maketon, M., Orosz-Coghlan, P. & Hotaga, D. (2008) Field Evaluation of Metschnikoff (Metarhizium anisopliae) Sorokin in Controlling Cotton Jassid (Amrasca biguttula biguttula) in Aubergine (Solanum aculeatissimum). International journal of Agricultural & Biology, 10 (1), 47–51.

Matsumura, S. (1916) Applied Entomology, 1, 1–731.

Melichar, L. (1914) Homopteren von Java, gesammelt von Herrn Edw. Jacobson. Notes from the Leyden Museum, 36 (9), 91–147. [pl. III.]

Metcalf, Z.P. (1968) General Catalogue of the Homoptera. Fascicle VI. Cicadelloidea. Part 17. Cicadellidae. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service. 1513 pp.

Oshanin, B. (1871) On heteropterous insects of the Zaravshan Valley. Izvestiya Imperatorskago Obshchestva Lyubitelei Estestvoznaniya, Antropologii i Etnografii pri Imperatorskom Moskovskom Universitete, 8, 194–213.

Paoli, G. (1936) Descrizione di alcune nuove specie di Empoasca (Hemipt. Homopt.) e osservazioni su specie note. Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana, 15, 5–24.

Rakitov, R.A. (1998) On differentiation of cicadellid leg chaetotaxy (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Membracoidea). Russian Entomological Journal, 6 (3–4), 7–27.

Schumacher, F. (1915) H. Sauter’s Formosa-Ausbeute. Supplementa Entomologica, 4, 1–108.

Shiraki, T. (1913) Investigation upon insects injurious to cotton. Formosan Agricultural Experiment Station Special Report, 5, 1–282.

Sohi, A.S. (1977) New genera and species of Typhlocybinae (Homoptera, Cicadellidae) from north-western India. Oriental Insects, 11 (3), 347–362.

Sohi, A.S., Mann, J.S. & Shenhmar, M. (1987) Eight new species of Typhlocybinae from India (Insecta, Homoptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadellidae). Reichenbachia, 25 (11), 37–45.

Southern, P.S. (1982) A taxonomic study of the leafhopper genus Empoasca (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) in eastern Peru. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service. Technical Bulletin, 272, 1–194.

Zhang, Y.L. (1990) A taxonomic study of Chinese Cicadellidae (Homoptera). Tianze Eldonejo. Yangling, Shaanxi, China, 218 pp.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand