Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Taxonomic revision of Paraustrosimulium Wygodzinsky & Coscarón: reassignment of Austrosimulium colboi and description of P. obcidens n. sp. from Western Australia

DOUGLAS A. CRAIG, JOHN K. MOULTON, DOUGLAS C. CURRIE

Abstract


The hitherto monotypic South American genus Paraustrosimulium Wygodzinsky & Coscarón is revised to accommodate two Australian species: Austrosimulium colboi Davies & Györkös and Paraustrosimulium obcidens n. sp. The generic diagnosis is updated and the eastern Australian species Paraustrosimulium colboi (Davies & Györkös) n. stat. is re-described, including the male for the first time. The Western, Australian sister species of P. colbo, namely P. obcidens Craig, Moulton Currie n. sp. is also fully described. The relationship of Paraustrosimulium to other simuliid genera is discussed, as are aspects of historical biogeography.

 


Keywords


Diptera, Australia, South America, Gondwana, Diptera, Simuliidae, Austrosimulium, Paraustrosimulium, Cnesiamima

Full Text:

PDF (31MB)

References


Adler, P.H. & Crosskey, R.W. (2008) World Blackfly (Diptera: Simuliidae): a fully revised edition of the taxonomic and geographic inventory. 1–105. Available from: http://blackflies.info/sites/blackflies.info/files/u13/blackflyinventory_2008
_Adler___Crosskey_1.pdf (accessed 5 September 2017)

Adler, P.H. & Crosskey, R.W. (2009) World Blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae): a comprehensive revision of the taxonomic and geographical inventory [2009]. 1–109. Available from: http://blackflies.info/sites/blackflies.info/files/u13/SIMULIIDAE_INVENTORY__NEW_VERSION_20 09.pdf (accessed 5 September 2017)

Adler, P.H. & Crosskey, R.W. (2017) World Blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae): a comprehensive revision of the taxonomic and geographical inventory [2017]. 1–131. Available from: http://www.clemson.edu/cafls/biomia/pdfs/blackflyinventory.pdf (accessed 5 September 2017)

Adler, P.H., Currie, D.C. & Wood, D.M. (2004) The Black Flies of (Simuliidae) of North America. Royal Ontario Museum and Comstock University Press, Ithaca, 941 pp.

Bigot, J.M.F. (1888) Diptères. In: Ministère de la Marine et de l’Instruction Publique, Mission scientifique du Cap Horn 1882–1883. Pt. 6. Insectes. Gauthier-Villare et Fils, Paris, pp. 15.

Bugledich, E.-M.A. (1999) Simuliidae. In: Wells, A. & Houston, W.W.K. (Eds.), Diptera: Nematocera, Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 30.1. CSIRO Publishing, Australia, Melbourne, pp. 325–337.

Coscarón, S. (1968) Amplicatión del area de distribución de Simuliidae (Diptera) en Argentina. Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina, 30, 65–67.

Coscarón, S. (1985) Sobre la larva de Cnesiamima atroparva (Edwards) y su significardo para interpretar las relaciones filogenéticas de los simulidos notogeicos (Insecta, Diptera, Simuliidae). Boletin de la Sociedad de Biologia de Concepción, 56, 67–70.

Coscarón S. (1991) Simuliidae. Insecta Diptera, Fauna de agua dulce de la República Argentina, 38, 1–304.

Coscarón, S. & Coscarón-Arias, C.L. (2007) Neotropical Simuliidae (Diptera: Insecta). Aquatic Biodiversity in Latin America, 3, 1–685.

Craig, D.A. (1977) Mouthparts and feeding behaviour of Tahitian larval Simuliidae (Diptera: Nematocera). Quaestiones Entomologicae, 13, 195–218.

Craig, D.A. (2011) Taxonomist as Sherlock Holmes. Fly Times, 46, 4–7.

Craig, D.A., Currie, D.C. & Vernon, P. (2003) Crozetia Davies (Diptera: Simuliidae): redescription of Cr. crozetensis, Cr. seguyi, number of larval instars, phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography. Zootaxa, 259 (1), 1–39.

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.259.1.1

Craig, D.A., Craig, R.E.G. & Crosby, T.K. (2012) Simuliidae (Insecta: Diptera). Fauna of New Zealand, 68, 1–336. Available from: https://biotaxa.org/fnz/article/view/1840/3116 (accessed 5 September 2017)

Crosskey, R.W. (1969) A re–classification of the Simuliidae (Diptera) of Africa and its islands. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), 14, 1–195.

Crosskey, R.W. (1982) Simuliid taxonomy–the contemporary scene. In: Laird, M. (Ed.), Blackflies: The future for biological methods in integrated control. Academic Press, London, pp. 399. [1981]

Crosskey, R.W. (1987) Part VIII. Black fly species of the world. 32 An annotated checklist of the world black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae). In: Kim, K.C. & Merritt, R.W. (Eds.), Black Flies. Ecology, Population Management, and Annotated World List. The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, pp. 425–520.

Crosskey, R.W. (1989) Chapter 24. Simuliidae. In: Evenhuis, N.L. (Ed.), Catalog of the Diptera of the Australasian and Oceanian Region. Bishop Museum. Special Publication 86. Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu & E.J. Brill, Leiden, pp. 221–225.

Crosskey, R.W. & Howard, T.M. (1997) A New Taxonomic and Geographical Inventory of World Blackflies. London. The Natural History Museum, London, 144 pp.

Crosskey, R.W. & Howard, T.M. (2004) A revised taxonomic and geographical inventory of world blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae). The Natural History Museum, London, 178 pp.

Crosskey, R.W. & Lowry, C.A. (1990) Simuliidae. In: Townsend, B.C. (Collator), A catalogue of the types of bloodsucking flies in the British Museum (Natural History). Occasional Papers on Systematic Entomology, 7, pp. 201–235.

Davies, D.M., Peterson, B.V. & Wood, D.M. (1962) The black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Ontario. Part 1. Adult identification and distribution with descriptions of six new species. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 92, 70–154.

Davies, D.M. & Györkös, H. (1988) Two new Australian species of Simuliidae (Diptera). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 27, 105–115.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-6055.1988.tb01156.x

Dumbleton, L.J. (1960) Larval Simuliidae (Diptera) from Navarino Island, Terra del Fuego. New Zealand Journal of Science, 5, 543–548.

Dumbleton, L.J. (1963) The classification and distribution of the Simuliidae (Diptera) with particular reference to the genus Austrosimulium. New Zealand Journal of Science, 6, 320–357. Available from: http://hbs.bishopmuseum.org/fiji/pdf/dumbleton1963.pdf (accessed 5 September 2017)

Dumbleton, L.J. (1973) The genus Austrosimulium Tonnoir (Diptera: Simuliidae) with particular reference to the New Zealand fauna. New Zealand Journal of Science, 15, 480–548. [December 1972]

Edwards, F.W. (1931) Simuliidae. In: Diptera of Patagonia and South Chile. Part II. Fascicle 4. Nematocera. British Museum (Natural History), London, pp. 121–154.

Gil-Azevedo, L.H. & Maia-Herzog, M. (2007) Preliminary considerations on phylogeny of Simuliidae genera from Southern Hemisphere (Insecta, Diptera). Zootaxa, 1643, 39–68. Available from: http://www.mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/4215 (accessed 5 September 2017)

Hearle, E. (1935) Notes on Simulium canadense Hearle and Simulium virgatum Coquillett and its varieties. The Canadian Entomologist, 67, 15–18. https://doi.org/10.4039/Ent6715-1

Hernández, L.M., Montes de Oca, F., Penn, M., Massaferro, J., Garré, A. & Brooks, S.J. (2009) “Jejenes” (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Nahuel Huapi National Park, Patagonia, Argentina: Preliminary results.Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina, 68, 193–200.

Hernández-Triana, L., Montes De Orca, F., Prosser, S.W.J., Herbert, P.D.N., Gregory, T.R. & McMurtrie, S. (2017) DNA barcoding as an aid for species identification in austral black flies (Insecta: Diptera: Simuliidae). Genome, 60, 348–357.
https://doi.org/10.1139/gen-2015-0168

Kertész, K. (1902) Simulidae(sic) Catalogus dipterorum hucusque descriptorum. Museum Nationale Hungaricum, 1, 285–292.

Mackerras, M.J. & Mackerras, I.M. (1948) Simuliidae (Diptera) from Queensland. Australian Journal of Scientific Research. Series B, Biological Sciences, 1, 231–270.

https://doi.org/10.1071/BI9480231

Mackerras, I.M. & Mackerras, M.J. (1949) Revisional notes on Australasian Simuliidae (Diptera). Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 73, 372–405. Available from: http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35069387#page/454/mode/1up (accessed 5 September 2017)

McAlpine, J.F., Peterson, B.V., Shewell, G.E., Teskey, H.J., Vockeroth, J.R. & Wood, D.M. (Eds.) (1981) Manual of Nearctic Diptera. Vol. 1. Monograph 27. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, 674 pp.

Moulton, J.K. (2003) Can the current molecular arsenal adequately track rapid divergence events within Simuliidae (Diptera)? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 27, 45–57.

https://doi.org/10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00397-4

Pinto, C. (1931) Simulidae(sic) da America Central e do Sul (Diptera). Reunión de la Sociedad Argentina de Patologia Regional del Norte, 7, 661–763.

Rix, M.G., Edwards, D.L., Byrne, M. & Harvey, M.S. (2015) Biogeography and speciation of terrestrial fauna in the south–western Australian biodiversity hotspot. Biological Reviews, 90, 762–793.
https://doi.org/10.1111/brv.12132

Silva Figueroa, C. (1917) Dos nuero Simulidos (sic) de Chile. Bolitin del Museo National de Chile, 10, 28–33.

Smart, J. (1945) The classification of the Simuliidae (Diptera). Transaction of the Royal Entomological Society of London, 95, 463–532.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1945.tb00437.x

Toussaint, E.A., Hendrich, L., Escalona, H., Porch, N. & Balk, M. (2016) Evolutionary history of a secondary terrestrial Australian diving beetle (Coleoptera, Dytiscidae) reveals a lineage of high morphological and ecological plasticity. Systematic Entomology, 41, 650–657.

https://doi.org/10.1111/syen.12182

Stone, A. (1963) An annotated list of genus–group names in the Family Simuliidae (Diptera). Technical Bulletin, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, 1284, 1–28. Available from: http://purl.umn.edu/171104 (accessed 5 September 2017)

Takaoka, H. & Craig, D.A. (1999) Taxonomic and ecological notes on Simulium (Gomphostilbia) palauense (Diptera: Simuliidae) from Palau, Micronesia, with redescriptions of adults and descriptions of the pupa and mature larva. Japanese Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 27, 195–201. Available from: https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/tmh1973/27/2/27_2_195/_pdf (accessed 5 September 2017)

Tonnoir, A.L. (1925) Australasian Simuliidae. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 15, 213–255.

https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007485300046198

Vargas, L. (1945) Simúlidos del Nueva Mundo. Monographas del Institute de Salubridad y Enfermedades Tropicales, 1, 1–241.

Wygodzinsky, P. (1953) Sobre algunos simúlidos argentinos (Diptera). Anales Instituto Medicina Regional, Universidad Nacional Tucumán, 3, 293–320.

Wygodzinsky, P. & Coscarón, S. (1962) On the relationship and zoogeographic significance of Austrosimulium anthracinum (Bigot), a blackfly from southern South America (Diptera: Simuliidae). Pacific Insects, 4, 235–244. Available from:

http://hbs.bishopmuseum.org/pi/pdf/4(1)-235.pdf (accessed 5 September 2017)

Wygodzinsky, P. & Coscarón, S. (1973) A review of the Mesoamerican and South American black flies of the Tribe Prosimuliini (Simuliinae, Simuliidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 151, 129–200. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2246/598 (accessed 5 September 2017)

Wygodzinsky, P. & Coscarón, S. (1989) Revision of the black fly genus Gigantodax (Diptera: Simuliidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 189, 1–269. Available from: http://hdl.handle.net/2246/935 (accessed 5 September 2017)




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4337.4.1

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand