Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A new Afromontane species of the ant-eating spider genus Dusmadiores and description of the male of D. deserticola (Araneae: Zodariidae)

KOEN VANDERHAEGEN, RUDY JOCQUÉ

Abstract


Dusmadiores elgonensis sp. nov. (♂♀) is described from the Mount Elgon region, Uganda. It is the first Dusmadiores species found within the eastern Afromontane highlands. D. elgonensis is remarkable by the presence of a conspicuous group of spines on the retrolateral side of the cymbium just in front of the RTA in males. The unknown male of D. deserticola Jocqué, 2011 is described. The type locality of the latter species is corrected to Cabo Verde, Santiago, São Jorge dos Órgãos. An illustrated key to the seven known Dusmadiores species is provided.

 


Keywords


Araneae, Afromontane Region, Key to Species, Cape Verde, Coffee Gardens, Mount Elgon

Full Text:

PDF (12MB)

References


Baehr, B. & Jocqué, R. (2001) Revisions of genera in the Asteron-complex (Araneae: Zodariidae): new genera Pentasteron, Phenasteron, Leptasteron and Subasteron. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 46, 359–385.

Boy, G. & Allan, I. (1988) Chapter 3: Cave-riddled Colossus: Mount Elgon. In: Ward, C., Boy, G. & Allan, I. (Eds.), Snowcaps on the Equator. The Fabled Mountains of Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Zaire. The Bodely Head, London, 192 pp.

CEPF (2012) Ecosystem Profile Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot. Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, Arlington, 268 pp.

Claessens, L., Knapen, A., Kitutu, M.G., Poesen, J. & Deckers, J.A. (2007) Modelling landslide hazard, soil redistribution and sediment yield of landslides on the Ugandan footslopes of Mount Elgon. Geomorphology, 90, 23–35.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2007.01.007

Griswold, C.E. (1991) Cladistic biogeography of Afromontane spiders. Australian Systematic Botany, 4, 73–89.
https://doi.org/10.1071/SB9910073

Griswold, C.E. (1997) Scharffia, a remarkable new genus of spiders from East Africa (Araneae, Cyatholipidae). Journal of Arachnology, 25, 269–287.

Holm, Å. (1962) The spider fauna of the East African mountains. Part I: Fam. Erigonidae. Zoologiska Bidrag från Uppsala, 35, 19–204.

Holm, Å. (1968) Spiders of the families Erigonidae and Linyphiidae from East and Central Africa. Annales du Musée Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Sciences zoologiques, 171, 1–49.

Jocqué, R. (1987) Descriptions of new genera and species of African Zodariinae with a revision of the genus Heradida (Araneae, Zodariidae). Revue Zoologique Africaine, 101, 143–163.

Jocqué, R. (1991) A generic revision of the spider family Zodariidae (Araneae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 201, 1–160.

Jocqué, R. (2011) Order Araneae, family Zodariidae. In: van Harten, A. (Ed.), Arthropod Fauna of the UAE. Vol. 4. Dar Al Ummah Printing, Abu Dhabi, pp. 15–22.

Jocqué, R. & Baehr, B. (1992) A revision of the Australian spider genus Storena (Araneae: Zodariidae). Invertebrate Taxonomy, 6, 953–1004.
https://doi.org/10.1071/IT9920953

Jocqué, R. & van Harten, A. (2015) Three new species of Zodariidae (Araneae) from mainland Yemen and the Island Socotra. African Invertebrates, 56, 393–408.
https://doi.org/10.5733/afin.056.0210

Kingdon, J. (1989) Island Africa: The Evolution of Africa's Rare Animals and Plants. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 287 pp.

Knapen, A., Kitutu, M.G., Poesen, J., Breugelmans, W., Deckers, J. & Muwanga, A. (2006) Landslides in a densely populated county at the footslopes of Mount Elgon (Uganda): Characteristics and causal factors. Geomorphology, 73, 149–165.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2005.07.004

NEMA (2001) State of the environment report for Uganda 2000/2001. National Environment Management Authority, Kampala, 192 pp.

Russell-Smith, A. & Jocqué, R. (2015) New Zodariidae (Araneae) from Mkomazi Game Reserve, Tanzania. African Invertebrates, 56, 455–476.
https://doi.org/10.5733/afin.056.0215

Thiery, W., Panitz, H.-J., Davin, E. & Van Lipzig, N. (2015) The impact of the African Great Lakes on the regional climate. Journal of Climate, 28, 4061–4085.
https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00565.1

Thorell, T. (1881) Studi sui Ragni Malesi e Papuani. III. Ragni dell’Austro Malesia e del Capo York, conservati nel Museo civico di storia naturale di Genova. Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale di Genova, 17, 1–727.

UBOS (2016) The National Population and Housing Census 2014—Main Report. Uganda Bureau of Statistics, Kampala, 105 pp.

WHRC (2015) Detailed Vegetation Height Estimates Across the Tropics. Woods Hole Research Center, Falmouth MA. Available from: http://whrc.org/detailed-vegetation-height-estimates-across-the-tropics-released/ (accessed 1 February 2016)




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4318.3.7

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand