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A new East African genus of spirostreptid millipedes (Diplopoda, Spirostreptida, Spirostreptidae), with notes on their fungal ectoparasite Rickia gigas



The new genus Tropostreptus is erected to accommodate seven species which are all endemic in Tanzania: T. hamatus (Demange, 1977) (type species, = Spirostreptus hamatus Demange, 1977), T. sigmatospinus sp. nov., T. microcephalus sp. nov., T. droides sp. nov., T. kipunji spec. nov., T. austerus (Attems, 1950) (= Epistreptus austerus Attems, 1950) and T. severus sp. nov. All but one (T. sigmatospinus) of the species are restricted to the Eastern Arc Mts. in a wide sense, i.e., including Mt. Rungwe. Notes are included on Rickia gigas Santamaria et al., 2016 (Ascomycota: Laboulbeniales), which infects several Tropostreptus species. The typical, long-celled form of R. gigas grows on body parts of both sexes coming into contact during copulation, whereas a short-celled form also ascribed to R. gigas grows on the hind margin of body rings of both sexes. A key to Tropostreptus species is included.



Myriapoda, new species, Tanzania, Eastern Arc, Tropostreptus, Laboulbeniales

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