Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Identity of the oribatid mite Oribata curva and transfer to Trichogalumna (Acari, Oribatida, Galumnidae), with discussion of nomenclatural and biogeographical issues in the ‘curva’ species-group



Based on the study of type material, other historical specimens, and new collections, the adult of the thelytokous oribatid mite Oribata curva Ewing, 1907 (Galumnidae) is redescribed and the name is recombined to Trichogalumna curva (Ewing, 1907) comb. nov. A confusing history of synonymies and misidentifications is traced in detail, and their effect on published statements about biogeography is assessed. Reliable records of T. curva are only those from North America. The tropical mite Pergalumna ventralis (Willmann, 1932) is not a subspecies of T. curva. The widely-reported Trichogalumna nipponica (Aoki, 1966) and other similar species form a complex with T. curva that needs further morphological and molecular assessment.



Acari, oribatid mite, taxonomy, systematics, recombination, Oribata curva, Galumna ventralis, Pergalumna, Acrogalumna, Trichogalumna nipponica

Full Text:



Akrami, M.A. (2015) A new species of Allogalumna (Acari, Oribatida, Galumnidae) from Iran, including a key to all species of the genus. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 63 (1), 205–224.

Alberti, G., Norton, R.A., Adis, J., Fernandez, N.A., Franklin, E., Kratzmann, M., Moreno, A.I., Weigmann, G. & Woas, S. (1997) Porose integumental organs of oribatid mites (Acari, Oribatida). 2. Fine structure. Zoologica, 146, 33–114.

Aoki, J. (1966) The large-winged mites of Japan (Acari: Cryptostigmata). Bulletin of the National Museum of Natural Science, Tokyo, 9 (3), 257–275.

Aoki, J., Yamamoto, Y., Wen, Z., Wang, H.F. & Hu, S.H. (1997) A checklist of oribatid mites of China (Acari: Oribatida). First report. Bulletin Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, Yokohama National University, 23 (1), 63–80.

Balogh, J. (1958) Oribatides nouvelles de l'Afrique tropicale. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines, 58 (1–2), 1–34.

Balogh, J. (1960) Oribates (Acari) nouveaux d'Angola et du Congo Belge (2ème série). Companhia de Diamantes de Angola, Lisboa, 51, 15–40.

Bayartogtokh, B. & Akrami, M.A. (2014) The soil mite family Galumnidae of Iran (Acari: Oribatida). Journal of Natural History, 48 (15–16), 881–917.

Berlese, A. (1908) Elenco di generi e specie nuovi di Acari. Redia, 5, 1–15.

Berlese, A. (1914) Acari nuovi. Manipulus IX. Redia, 10, 113–150.

Chen, J., Liu, D. & Wang, H.-F. (2010) Oribatid mites of China: a review of progress, with a checklist. Zoosymposia, 4, 186–224.

Cianciolo, J.M. & Norton, R.A. (2006) The ecological distribution of reproductive mode in oribatid mites, as related to biological complexity. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 40, 1–25.

Engelbrecht, C.M. (1972) South African species of the genus Trichogalumna Balogh, 1961 (Galumnidae: Oribatei). Acarologia, 14 (2), 268–280.

Ermilov, S.G. (2010) The structure of ovipositors in higher oribatid mites (Acari, Oribatida, Brachypylina). Zoologichesky Zhurnal, 89 (6), 694–702. [in Russian; English version: Entomological Review, 2010, 90 (6), 783–792].

Ermilov, S.G. (2012) Oribatid mites of the superfamily Galumnoidea from Zambia, with description of a new species of the genus Galumna (Acari: Oribatida). Genus, 23 (3), 455–460.

Ermilov, S.G., Alvarado-Rodríguez, O. & Retana-Salazar, A.P. (2014) Two new species of Pergalumna (Acari, Oribatida, Galumnidae) from Costa Rica, including a key to all species of the genus from the Neotropical region. ZooKeys, 435, 7–23.

Ermilov, S.G. & Corpuz-Raros, L.A. (2016) New species and records of Galumnidae (Acari, Oribatida) from the Philippines. Zootaxa, 4171 (1), 77–100.

Ermilov, S.G. & Martens, J. (2014) New species, new records and a checklist of oribatid mites (Acari: Oribatida) from Nepal. Biologia, 69 (12), 1716–1729.

Ermilov, S.G., Niedbała, W. & Anichkin, A.E. (2012) Oribatid mites of Dong Nai Biosphere Reserve (=Cat Tien National Park) of Southern Vietnam, with description of a new species of Pergalumna (Acari, Oribatida, Galumnidae). Acarina, 20 (1), 20–28.

Ermilov, S.G., Sidorchuk, E.A. & Rybalov, L.B. (2011) Three new species of oribatid mites (Acari: Oribatida: Galumnoidea) from Ethiopia. International Journal of Acarology. 37 (Supplement 1), 2–17.

Ermilov, S.G., Starý, J., Sandmann, D., Marian, F. & Maraun, M. (2013) New taxa and new records of oribatid mites of the family Galumnidae (Acari: Oribatida) from Ecuador. Zootaxa, 3700 (2), 259–270.

Ermilov, S.G. & Tolstikov, A.V. (2015) Additions to the galumnid oribatid mite fauna of Brazil, with description of two new species of Trichogalumna (Acari, Oribatida, Galumnidae). International Journal of Acarology, 41 (2), 170–180.

Ewing, H.E. (1907) New Oribatidae. Psyche, 14, 111–115.

Fujikawa, T. (1981) Oribatid fauna from nature farm in Nayoro (2). Edaphologia, 23, 7–15.

Golosova, L.D., Karppinen, E. & Krivolutsky, D.A. (1983) List of oribatid mites (Acarina, Oribatei) of northern Palaearctic region. Siberia and the Far East. Acta Entomologica Fennica, 43, 1–14.

Grandjean, F. (1936) Les Oribates de Jean Frédéric Hermann et de son père. Annales de la Societe Entomologique de France, 105, 27–110.

Grandjean, F. (1966) Erogalumna zeucta n.g., n.sp. (Oribate). Acarologia, 8, 475–498.

Hammer, M. (1958) Investigations on the oribatid fauna of the Andes Mountains. I. The Argentine and Bolivia. Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab Biologiske Skrifter, 10 (1), 1–129.

Hammer, M. (1961) Investigations on the oribatid fauna of the Andes Mountains. II. Peru. Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab Biologiske Skrifter, 13 (1), 1–157.

Hammer, M. (1972) Investigations on the oribatid fauna of Tahiti, and some oribatids found on the Atoll Rangiroa. Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab Biologiske Skrifter, 19 (3), 1–66.

Hammer, M. (1973) Oribatids from Tongatapu and Eua, the Tonga Islands, and from Upolu, Western Samoa. Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab Biologiske Skrifter, 20 (3), 1–70.

Heethoff, M., Domes, K., Laumann, M., Maraun, M., Norton, R.A. & Scheu, S. (2007) High genetic divergences indicate ancient separation of parthenogenetic lineages of the oribatid mite Platynothrus peltifer (Acari, Oribatida). European Society for Evolutionary Biology, 20, 392–402.

Jacot, A.P. (1923) Oribatoidea Sinensis II. Royal Asiatic Society. North China Branch Journal, 54, 168–181.

Jacot, A.P. (1933) Aparity among the Oribatidae (Acarina). The Canadian Entomologist, 65 (12), 263–264.

Jacot, A.P. (1934) The Galumnas (Oribatoidea—Acarina) of the Northeastern United States. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 42 (1), 87–125.

Jacot, A.P. (1937) Evolutionary trends, ecological notes, and terminology of the large-winged mites of North America. American Midland Naturalist, 18, 631–651.

Johnston, D.E. (1965) A catalog of the determined species of Acari (excl. Ixodides) in the collections of the Institute of Acarology. Publication No. 145. Wooster, Ohio, 66 pp.

Koch, C.L. (1995) Oribatid mites. Morphology, development, phylogeny, ecology, methods of study and characteristics of the model species Nothrus palustris C.L. Koch, 1839. Nauka Press, Moscow, 224 pp. [in Russian]

Marshall, V.G., Reeves, R.M. & Norton, R.A. (1987) Catalogue of the Oribatida (Acari) of Continental United States and Canada. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 139, 1–418.

Murvanidze, M. & Mumladze, L. (2016) Annotated checklist of Georgian oribatid mites. Zootaxa, 4089 (1), 1–81.

Norton, R.A. (1977) A review of F. Grandjean's system of leg chaetotaxy in the Oribatei (Acari) and its application to the family Damaeidae. In: Dindal, D.L. (Ed.), Biology of oribatid mites. SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Syracuse, pp. 33–61.

Norton, R.A. & Behan-Pelletier, V.M. (2009) Chapter 15. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G.W. & Walter, D.E. (Eds.), A Manual of Acarology. Texas Tech University Press, Lubbock, pp. 430–564.

Norton, R.A. & Kethley, J.B. (1990) Berlese's North American oribatid mites: historical notes, recombinations, synonymies and type designations. Redia, 62 (2), 421–499.

Norton, R.A. & Palmer, S.C. (1991) The distribution, mechanisms and evolutionary significance of parthenogenesis in oribatid mites. In: Schuster, R. & Murphy, P.W. (Eds.), The AcariReproduction, development and life-history strategies. Chapman & Hall, London, New York, pp. 107–136.

Ohkubo, N. (1984) Several species of Trichogalumna (Acarina, Oribatida) from Japan. Acarologia, 25 (3), 293–306.

Pan’kov, A.N., Ryabinin, N.A. & Golosova, L.D. (1997) Catalogue of oribatid mites of the Far East of Russia. Part I. Catalogue of oribatid mites of Kamchatka, Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. Dalnauka, Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, 87 pp.

Pérez-Íñigo, C. & Baggio, D. (1991) Oribates édaphiques du Brésil (VI). Oribates de l’État de São Paulo (troisième partie). Acarologia, 32 (1), 79–92.

Ryabinin, N.A. (2015) Oribatid mites (Acari, Oribatida) in soils of the Russian Far East. Zootaxa, 3914 (3), 201–244.

Schatz, H. (1998) Oribatid mites of the Galapagos Islands—faunistics, ecology and speciation. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 22, 373–409.

Schatz, H. (2006) Catalogue of known oribatid mite species (Acari Oribatida) from the Central American landbridge (First part). Tropical Zoology, 19, 209–288.

Shaldybina, E.S. (1975) The family Galumnidae. In: Ghilyarov, M.S. (Ed.), Key to Soil Inhabiting Mites. Sarcoptiformes. Nauka Press, Moscow, pp. 347–363.

Subías, L.S. (2004) Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes: Oribatida) del mundo (excepto fósiles). Graellsia, 60 (número extraordinario), 3–305. [online version accessed in February 2016, 593 pp. Available from:]

Subías, L.S., Shtanchaeva, U. Ya. & Arillo, A. (2012) Listado de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) de las diferentes regiones biogeográficas del mundo. Monografías Electrónicas, Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa, 4, 1–815.

Saltzwedel, H. von, Maraun, M., Scheu, S. & Schaefer, I. (2014) Evidence for frozen-niche variation in a cosmopolitan parthenogenetic soil mite species (Acari, Oribatida). PLOS One, 9 (11), e113268.

Travé, J. & Vachon, M. (1975) François Grandjean. 1882–1975 (Notice biographique et bibliographique). Acarologia, 17 (1), 1–19.

Vasiliu, N., Ivan, O. & Vasiliu, M. (1993) Conspectul faunistic al Oribatidelor (Acarina: Oribatida) din Romania. Anuarul Muzeului Bucovinei Fascicula Stiintele Naturii, Suceava, 12, 1–82.

Villagomez, F. & Palacios-Vargas, J.P. (2013) A new species of Trichogalumna (Acari: Oribatida: Galumnidae) from Mexico. Brenesia, 79, 72–80.

Voigts, H. (1902) Verzeichnis der in der näheren Umgebung von Göttingen gesammelten Milben. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 25, 472–475.

Wang, H.F., Wen, Z. & Chen, J. (2003) A checklist of oribatid mites of China (II (Acari: Oribatida). Acta Arachnologica Sinica, 12 (1), 42–63.

Wen, Z. & Aoki, J. (1983) Oribatid mite communities of Shijin (Shikine) Islet. Journal of Norman Bethune University of Medical Sciences, 9 (1), 171–181.

Willmann, C. (1932) Oribatei (Acari), gesammelt von der deutschen limnologischen sunda-expedition. Archiv für Hydrobiologie, Supplement-Band IX, Tropische Binnengewässer, 2, 240–305.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand