Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Revision of Disphaerobius Attems, 1926 (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha: Lithobiidae: Pterygoterginae), a centipede genus with remarkable sexual dimorphism

GYULLI SH. FARZALIEVA, PAVEL S. NEFEDIEV, IVAN H. TUF

Abstract


Disphaerobius Attems, 1926, the sole constituent genus of the subfamily Pterygoterginae, is synonymized with Pterygotergum Verhoeff, 1934 syn. nov., and is shown to comprise only two species: D. svenhedini (Verhoeff, 1934) comb. nov. ex Pterygotergum, and D. loricatus (Sseliwanoff, 1881) (= Lithobius magnificus Trotzina, 1895), both syn. nov. and comb. nov. ex Lithobius Leach, 1814. Disphaerobius is rediagnosed, both of its basically Central Asian species are redescribed from fresh material of both sexes, and their distributions are mapped. Disphaerobius svenhedini is newly recorded from S Kazakhstan and W Mongolia. New material of D. loricatus is also recorded. Sexual dimorphic characters in Lithobiomorpha are briefly discussed, these being considered especially strongly pronounced and unique in Disphaerobius.

 


Keywords


Myriapoda, Disphaerobius, Pterygotergum, Lithobiidae, taxonomy, new synonymy, new combination, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China

Full Text:

PDF (4MB)

References


Attems, C. (1926) Chilopoda. In: Kükenthal, W. (Ed.), Handbuch der Zoologie. Walter de Gruiter & co., Berlin, pp. 239–402.

Attems, C. (1927) Myriopoden aus dem nördlichen und östlichen Spanien, gesammelt von Dr. F. Haas in den Jahren 1914–1919. Nebst Beiträgen zur Kenntnis der Lithobiiden, Glomeriden, sowie der Gattungen Brachydesmus und Archiulus. Abhandlungen der Senckenberg Gesellschaft, 39, 233–289, 85 f.

Berlese, A. (1894) Myriapoda acari scorpiones hucusque in Italia reperta. 74 (8). Tipografia del Seminario, Padova, pages unnumbered.

Bonato, L., Edgecombe, G.D., Lewis, J.G.E., Minelli, A., Pereira, L.A., Shelley, R.M. & Zapparoli, M. (2010) A common terminology for the external anatomy of centipedes (Chilopoda). ZooKeys, 69, 17–51.
https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.69.737

Bonato, L., Edgecombe, G.D. & Zapparoli, M. (2011) Chilopoda—Taxonomic overview. In: Minelli, A. (Ed.), Treatise on ZoologyAnatomy, Taxonomy, Biology. The Myriapoda. Vol. 1. Brill, Leiden-Boston, pp. 363–443.

Chamberlin, R.V. (1911) The Lithobiomorpha of the South-eastern states. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 4, 32–48.
https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/4.1.32

Chamberlin, R.V. (1912) New North American chilopods and diplopods. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 5, 141–172.
https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/5.2.141

Chamberlin, R.V. (1913) The lithobiid genera Nampabius, Garibius, Tidabius, and Sigibius. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 57, 37–104.

Chamberlin, R.V. (1915) New chilopods from Mexico and the West Indies. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 59, 493–541.

Chamberlin, R.V. (1917) The Gosibiidae of America north of Mexico. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 57, 209–255.

Chamberlin, R.V. (1919) The Chilopoda collected by the Canadian Arctic Expedition, 1913–18. In: Report of the Canadian Arctic Expedition, 1913-18. 3 (H). J. de Labroquerie Taché, Ottawa, pp. 15–22.

Chamberlin, R.V. (1920) The Myriopoda of the Australian region. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 64, 1–269.

Chamberlin, R.V. (1941) New genera and species of American lithobiid centipeds. Bulletin of the University of Utah, Biological Series, 6, 3–23.

Crabill, R.E. Jr. (1960) A remarkable form of sexual dimorphism in a centipede (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha: Lithobiidae). Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society, 55, 156–161.

Eason, E.H. (1986a) On the synonymy of Lithobius giganteus Sseliwanoff, 1881 and the taxonomic status of Porobius Attems, 1926 (Chilopoda). Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, 87, Serie B, 181–192.

Eason, E.H. (1986b) The Lithobiidae of Afghanistan with descriptions of three new species of the giganteus-group of Lithobius subgenus Ezembius, and a key to the central Asiatic species of this group (Chilopoda, Lithobiomorpha). Steenstrupia, 12 (2), 49–60.

Eason, E.H. (1992) On the taxonomy and geographical distribution of the Lithobiomorpha. Berichte des naturwissenschaftlich-medizinischen Vereins in Innsbruck, 10, 1–9.

Eason, E.H. (1993) Displacement of the male secondary sexual characters in Lithobius calcaratus C.L. Koch and other species of Lithobius. Bulletin of the British Myriapod Group, 9, 21–23.

Farzalieva, G. Sh. & Zalesskaja, N.T. (2003) On two remarkable species of lithobiid centipedes (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha: Lithobiidae) from the steppe of the southern Urals, Russia. Arthropoda Selecta, 11 (4), 265–269.

Fusco, G., Leśniewska, M., Congiu, L. & Bertorelle, G. (2015) Population genetic structure of a centipede species with high levels of developmental instability. PLoS ONE, 10, e0126245.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126245

Koch, C.L. (1847) System der Myriapoden. In: Herrich-Schäffer, L. (Ed.), Kritische Revision der Insectenfauna Deutschlands. Vol. 3. Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg, pp. 1–270.

Koren, A. (1992) Die Chilopoden-Fauna von Kärnten und Osttirol. Teil 2 Lithobiomorpha. Carinthia, 2 (51), 1–140.

Leach, W.E. (1814) Crustaceology. In: D. Brewster (Ed.), The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia. Edinburgh: Blackwood 7, pp. 383–437.

Lewis, J.G.E. (1981) The Biology of Centipedes. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 476 pp.
https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511565649

Loksa, I. (1978) Chilopoden aus der Mongolei (Arthropoda: Tracheata, Chilopoda). Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, 70, 111–120.

Ma, H., Pei, S., Hou, X., Zhu, T., Wu, D. & Gai, Y. (2014) An annotated checklist of Lithobiomorpha of China. Zootaxa, 3847 (3), 333–358.

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3847.3.2

Ma, H., Song, D. & Zhu, M. (2007) A new genus and two new species of Lithobiid Centipedes (Chilopoda: Lithobiomorpha) from China. Zootaxa, 1460, 25–34.

Ma, H., Song, D. & Zhu, M. (2008a) A new species of the genus Australobius Chamberlin, 1920 (Lithobiomorpha: Lithobiidae) from Tibet, China. Entomological News, 119 (2), 171–177.
https://doi.org/10.3157/0013-872X(2008)119[171:ANSOTG]2.0.CO;2

Ma, H., Song, D. & Zhu, M. (2008b) A new species of Australobius Chamberlin, 1920 (Lithobiomorpha: Lithobiidae) from China. Oriental Insects, 42 (1), 335–340.
https://doi.org/10.1080/00305316.2008.10417558

Matic, Z. (1961) Un nou subgen de Lithobius (Chilopoda-Lithobiidae) din fauna Republicii Populare Romȋne. Comunicările Academiei Republicii Populare Romȋne, 11, 461–467. [in Romanian]

Matic, Z. (1966) Classe Chilopoda, Subclasse Anamorpha. Fauna RSR. Vol. 6. Fasc. 1. ARSR, Bucuresti, 272 pp. [in Romanian]

Qin, W., Lin, G., Zhao, X., Li, B., Xie, J., Ma, H., Su, J. & Zhang, T. (2014) A new species of Australobius (Lithobiomorpha: Lithobiidae) from the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. Biologia, 69 (11), 1601–1605.
https://doi.org/10.2478/s11756-014-0459-4

Sseliwanoff, A.V. (1881) Neue Lithobiiden aus Sibirien und Central-Asien. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 4 (73), 15–17.

Trotzina, A. (1895) Ein neuer Lithobius. Horae Societatis Entomologicae Rossicae, 29, 108–110.

Verhoeff, K.W. (1899) Beiträge zur Kenntnis paläarktischer Myriopoden. XI. Aufsatz: Neue und wenig bekannte Lithobiiden. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 49, 451–459.
https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.24105

Verhoeff, K.W. (1905) Über die Entwickelungsstufen der Steinläufer, Lithobiiden, und Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Chilopoden. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, 8, 195–298.

Verhoeff, K.W. (1930) Über Myriapoden aus Turkestan. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 91, 243–266.

Verhoeff, K.W. (1934a) Beiträge zur Systematik und Geographie der Chilopoden. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, 66, 1–112.

Verhoeff, K.W. (1934b) Schwedisch-chinesische wissenschaftliche Expedition nach den nordwestlichen Provinzen Chinas, unter Leitung von Dr. Sven Hedin und Prof. Sü Ping-chang. Myriapoda. Arkiv för Zoologi, 26a (10), 1–41. [for 1933]

Verhoeff, K.W. (1941) Asyanin zoogeografiyasi ve hayvan sistematiğe hakkinda. Asiatische Beiträge. II. Türkische Chilopoden. Istanbul Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi Mecmuasi, Series B, 6, 85–117.

Wang, D.Q. & Mauriès, J.P. (1996) Review and perspective of study on myriapodology of China. Acta Myriapodologica, 169, 81–99.

Zalesskaja, N.Т. (1978) Identification book of the lithobiomorph centipedes of the USSR. Nauka Publ., Moscow, 212 pp. [in Russian]

Zapparoli, M. (1989) Notes on Pleurolithobius of Turkey (Chilopoda, Lithobiomorpha). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 91, 389–397.

Zapparoli, M. (1998) Una nuova specie di Eupolybothrus della fauna di Grecia (Chilopoda, Lithobiomorpha). Fragmenta Entomologica, 30, 229–241.

Zapparoli, M. & Minelli, A. (1993) Note tassonomiche, corologiche ed ecologiche sulle specie del genere Pleurolithobius Verhoeff, 1899 (Chilopoda, Lithobiomorpha). Bollettino Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali. Torino, 11, 331–345.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4258.2.2

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand