Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A new Cernosvitoviella species (Clitellata: Enchytraeidae) and its comparison with other Cernosvitoviella species from Sphagnum mires in Hungary



Results of a comparative investigation on five Cernosvitoviella species from Hungarian Sphagnum mires including their distribution and the description of a new species, Cernosvitoviella farkasi sp. n., are presented in this paper. Cernosvitoviella atrata, C. aggtelekiensis, C. crassoductus and C. farkasi sp. n. could be easily distinguished from each other based on both morphological and molecular taxonomic analyses. However, C. minor seems to be a species complex on the basis of these investigations, so it was referred as C. minor sensu lato. The status of the C. minor variants requires further studies.



Annelida, new Cernosvitoviella species, Enchytraeidae, Oligochaeta, morphological and molecular comparison

Full Text:

PDF (12MB)


Bretscher, K. (1903) Beobachtungen über die Oligochaeten der Schweiz, VII. Folge. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 11, 1–21.

Černosvitov, L. (1928) Die Oligochaetenfauna der Karpathen. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematic, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere, Jena, 55, 1–28.

Chalupský, J. (1992) Terrestrial Enchytraeidae (Oligochaeta) and Parergodrilidae (Polychaeta) from Sweden, with description of a new enchytraeid species. Zoologica Scripta, 21, 133–150.

Christensen, B. & Glenner, H. (2010) Molecular phylogeny of Enchytraeidae (Oligochaeta) indicates separate invasions of the terrestrial environment. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 48 (3), 208–212.

Colgan, D.J., McLauchlan, A.A., Wilson, G.D.F., Livingston, S.P., Edgecombe, G.D., Macaranas, J., Cassis, G. & Gray, M.R. (1998) Histone H3 and U2 snRNA DNA sequences and arthropod molecular evolution. Australian Journal of Zoology, 46, 419–437.

Dózsa-Farkas, K. (1970) The description of three new species and some data to the Enchytraeid fauna of the Baradla cave, Hungary. Opuscula Zoologica Budapest, 10 (2), 241–252.

Dózsa-Farkas, K. (1990) New enchytraeid species from Sphagnum-bogs in Hungary (Oligochaeta: Enchytraeidae). Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 36 (3–4), 265–274.

Dózsa-Farkas, K. (1998) The enchytraeid fauna (Annelida, Oligochaeeta) of accumulated debris along the shore of Lake Balaton, and seasonal dynamics of the species. Opuscula Zoologica Budapest, 31, 33–42.

Dózsa-Farkas, K. (2007) Comparative enchytraeid faunistic investigation of the northeastern mountain range in Hungary. Contributions to Soil Zoology in Central Europe II. In: Tajovský, K., Schlaghamerský, J. & Pižl, V. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 8th Central European Workshop on Soil Zoology, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic April 20–22, 2005, pp. 29–35.

Dózsa-Farkas, K. & Felföldi, T. (2015) Unexpected occurrence of Hemifridericia bivesiculata Christensen & Dózsa-Farkas, 2006 in Hungary, a species presumed to be endemic to Devon Island, Canada, and its comparative analysis with H. parva Nielsen & Christensen, 1959 (Enchytraeidae, Oligochaeta). Zootaxa, 3914 (2), 185–194.

Dózsa-Farkas, K., Felföldi, T. & Hong, Y. (2015a) New enchytraeid species (Enchytraeidae, Oligochaeta) from Korea. Zootaxa, 4006 (1), 171–197.

Dózsa-Farkas, K., Ortmann-Ajkai, A. & Horváth, F. (2015b) New enchytraeid species (Oligochaeta: Enchytraeidae) from the Danube-Dráva National Park. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 61 (4), 305–327.

Dózsa-Farkas, K., Felföldi, T. (2016) A new Fridericia species (Clitellata, Enchytraeidae) and the enchytraeid fauna of the Őrség National Park (Hungary). Opuscula Zoologica Budapest, 47 (1) 65–72.

Erséus, C., Rota, E., Matamoros, L. & De Wit, P. (2010) Molecular phylogeny of Enchytraeidae (Annelida, Clitellata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 57 (2), 849–858.

Folmer, O., Black, M., Hoeh, W., Lutz, R. & Vrijenhoek, R. (1994) DNA primers for amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I from diverse metazoan invertebrates. Molecular Marine Biology and Biotechnology, 3, 294–299.

Giani, N. (1979) Description de deux nouvelles espèces d’Enchytraeidae des Pyrenées. Annales de Limnologie, Toulouse, 15, 107–112.

Healy, B. (1975) A description of five new species of Enchytraeidae (Oligochaeta) from Ireland. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 56, 315–326.

Healy, B. (1979) Three new species of Enchytraeidae (Oligochaeta) from Ireland. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 67, 87–95.

Kane, R.A. & Rollinson, D. (1994) Repetitive sequences in the ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer of Schistosoma haematobium, Schistosoma intercalatum and Schistosoma mattheii. Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, 63, 153–156.

Kasprzak, K. (1986) Skaposzczety wodne I glebowe , II. Rodzina: Wazonkowce (Enchytraeidae). Panstwowe wydawnietwo naukowe, Warszawa, 366 pp.

Klungland, T. & Abrahamsen, G. (1981) Cernosvitoviella ampulllax sp.n. (Oligochaeta, Enchytraeidae) from Hardangervidda, S Norway. Zoologica Scripta, 10, 251–253.

Martinsson, S. & Erséus, C. (2014) Cryptic diversity in the well-studied terrestrial worm Cognettia sphagnetorum (Clitellata: Enchytraeidae). Pedobiologia, 57, 27–35.

Nielsen, C.O. & Christensen, B. (1959) The Enchytraeidae. Critical revision and taxonomy of European species (Studies on Enchytraeidae VII). Natura Jutlandica, 8–9, 1–160.

O’Connor, F.B. (1962) The extraction of Enchytraeidae from soil. In: Murphy, P.W. (Ed.), Progress in Soil Zoology. Butterworths Publishers, London, pp. 279–285.

Rota, E. (1995) Italian Enchytraeidae (Oligochaeta). I. Bollettino di Zoologia 62, 183–231.

Rota, E. & Healy, B. (1999) A taxonomic study of some Swedish Enchytraeidae (Oligochaeta), with descriptions of four new species and notes on the genus Fridericia. Journal of Natural History, 33, 29–64.

Schmelz, R.M. & Collado, R. (2010) A guide to European terrestrial and freshwater species of Enchytraeidae (Oligochaeta). Soil Organisms, 82 (1), 1–176.

Schmelz, R.M., Collado, R. & Römbke, J. (2011) Mata Atlântica enchytraeids (Paraná, Brazil): A new genus, Xetadrilus gen. nov., with three new species, and four new species of Guaranidrilus Černosvitov (Enchytraeidae, Oligochaeta). Zootaxa, 2838, 1–29.

Schmelz, R.M., Jocque, M. & Collado, R. (2015) Microdrile Oligochaeta in bromeliad pools of Honduran cloud forest. Zootaxa, 3947 (4), 508–526.

Springett, J.A. (1969) A new species of Cernosvitoviella (Enchytraeidae) and records of records of three species new to the British Isles. Pedobiologia, 9, 459–461.

Timm, T. (1999) A guide to the Estonian Annelida. Naturalist’s Handbooks 1. Issued by the Estonian Naturalists’ Society. Estonian Academy Publishers, Tartu-Tallin, 208 pp.

Timm, T. (2009) A guide to the freshwater Oligochaeta and Polychaeta of Northern and Central Europe. Lauterbornia, 66, 1– 235.

Zicsi, A., Dózsa-Farkas, K. & Csuzdi, Cs. (1990) Terrestrial Oligochaeta from the nature conservation areas of Bátorliget (NE Hungary). In: Mahunka, S. (Ed.), Bátorliget Nature Reserves – after forty years, 1, 215–220.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand