Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Revision of the non-Afrotropical species of Trigastrotheca Cameron (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Braconinae) with descriptions of four new species



The Asian species of Trigastrotheca are revised. Four species are described as new: T. pariyanonthae sp. nov. from Thailand, T. sureeratae sp. nov. from Thailand, T. luzonensis sp. nov. from the Philippines, and T. maetoi sp. nov. from Indonesia (Kalimantan). Trigastrotheca tridentata (Enderlein) is redescribed and recorded from India for the first time. A key is provided to differentiate all non-Afrotropical species of the genus.



Hymenoptera, biogeography, parasitoid, wasp, host association, new species, range extension, taxonomy

Full Text:



Butcher, B.A. & Quicke, D.L.J. (2010) Revision of the Indo-Australian braconine wasp genus Ischnobracon Baltazar (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) with description of six new species from Thailand, Laos and Sri Lanka. Journal of Natural History, 44, 2187–2212.

Cameron, P. (1906) Descriptions of new species of parasitic Hymenoptera chiefly in the collection of the South African Museum, Cape Town. Annals of the South African Museum, 5, 17–186.

Chishti, M.J. K. & Quicke, D.L.J. (1994) Revision of the Indo-Australian parasitic wasp genus Macrobracon with the description of two new species (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 111, 265–296.

Chishti, M.J.K. & Quicke, D.L.J. (1996) A revision of the Indo-Australian species of Stenobracon (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) parasitoids of lepidopterous stem-borers of graminaceous crops. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 86, 227–245.

El-Heneidy, A.H. & Quicke, D.L.J. (1991) The Indo-Australian species of the braconine wasp genus Zaglyptogastra Ashmead. Journal of Natural History, 25, 183–201.

Enderlein, G. [1918] (1920) Zur Kenntnis aussereupaïscher Braconiden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 84A, 51–224.

Moog, J., Feldhaar, H. & Maschwitz, U. (2002) On the caulinary domatia of the SE-Asian ant-plant Zanthoxylum myriacanthum Wall. ex Hook. f. (Rutaceae) their influence on branch statics, and the protection against herbivory. Sociobiology, 40, 547–574.

Moog, J., Fiala, B., Werner, M., Weissflog, A., Saw, L.G. & Maschwitz, U. (2003) Ant-plant diversity in Peninsular Malaysia, with special reference to the Pasoh Forest Reserve. In: Okuda, T., Manokaran, N., Matsumoto, Y., Niiyama, K., Thomas, S.C. & Ashton, P.S. (Eds.), Pasoh: Ecology of a Lowland Rain Forest in Southeast Asia. Springer Press, Tokyo, pp. 459–494.

Moog, J., Atzinger, K., Hashim, R. & Maschwitz, U. (2008) Do tenants always pay their rent? The Asian ant-plant Pometia pinnata (Sapindaceae) and its leaf domatia provide free access to generalist ants. Asian Myrmecology, 2, 17–32.

Quicke, D.L.J. (1987) The Old World genera of braconine wasps (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Journal of Natural History, 21, 43–157.

Quicke, D.L.J. (1989) The Indo-Australian and E. Palaearctic braconine genus Euurobracon (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Braconinae). Journal of Natural History, 23, 775–802.

Quicke, D.L.J. (1988) Four new genera of the Plesiobracon Cameron group (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Braconinae). Zoologica Scripta, 17, 411–418.

Quicke, D.L.J. (2015) Biology, Systematics, Evolution and Ecology of Braconid and Ichneumonid Parasitoid Wasps. Wiley Blackwell, Chichester, 704 pp.

Quicke, D.L.J. & Ingram, S.N. (1993) Braconine wasps of Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 31, 299–336.

Quicke, D.L.J. & Stanton, M.L. (2005) Trigastrotheca laikipiensis n. sp. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): a new species of brood parasitic wasp that attacks foundress queens of three coexisting acacia-ant species in Kenya. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 14, 182–190.

Roman, A. (1912) Die Ichneumonidentypen C.P. Thunbergs. Zoologiska Bidrag Från Uppsala, 1, 229–293.

Sharkey, M.J. & Wharton, R.A. (1997) Morphology & terminology. In: Wharton, R.A., Marsh, P.M. & Sharkey, M.J. (Eds.), Identification manual to the new world genera of Braconidae. Vol. 1. Special publication of the International Society of Hemenopterists. International Society of Hemenopterists, Washington, D.C., pp. 19–37.

Stanton, M.L., Palmer, T.M. & Young, T.P. (2005) Ecological barriers to early colony establishment in three coexisting acacia-ant species in Kenya. Insectes Sociaux, 55, 393–401.

Thunberg, C.P. (1822) Ichneumonoidea, Insecta Hymenoptera illustrata. Memoires de l'Academie Imperiale des Sciences de Saint Petersbourg, 8, 249–281.

van Achterberg, C. (1983) Six new genera of Braconinae from the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Tijdschriftvoor Entomologie, 126, 175–202.

van Achterberg, C. (1988) Revision of the subfamily Blacinae Foerster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, 249, 1–324.

van Achterberg, C. (1993) Revision of the genus Tropobracon Cameron (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden, 67, 49–62.

van Achterberg, C. & Sigwalt, B. (1987) Three new genera of Braconinae from the Afrotropical region (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden, 61, 443–458.

Whitaker, A.M., Bhuiya, B.A., Fitton, M.G. & Quicke, D.L.J. (2007) The Oriental and Indo-Australian species of the parasitic wasp genus Iphiaulax Foerster (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Journal of Taxonomy and Biodiversity Research, 1, 11–44.

Yu, D.S.K., van Achterberg, C. & Horstmann, K. (2012) Taxapad 2012, Ichneumonoidea 2011. Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Database on flash-drive. Available from: (accessed 13 February 2017)



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand