Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A new species of the genus Bertholdia Schaus, 1896 (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae) from the Neotropical region: Bertholdia zoenia sp. n.

HERNAN MARIO BECCACECE

Abstract


A new species of Bertholdia Schaus is described: Bertholdia zoenia sp. n., based on males and females from Argentina and Paraguay. This new species is closer to Bertholdia myosticta Hampson, 1901 from Costa Rica, Irazú. Bertholdia zoenia sp. n. can be recognized externally because its hyaline spot on forewing is the widest among all species of genus. Also, the shape of this hyaline spot is like a right triangle with smooth outer margin, different from other species of genus, which have an irregular spot. Habitus, male and female genitalia, and particular structures of B. zoenia sp. n. are illustrated. Habitus and male genitalia of B. myosticta are also illustrated. A distribution map and commentaries of habitat of B. zoenia sp. n. and B. myosticta are given. Remarks on nomenclature of the genus are provided.

 


Keywords


Lepidoptera, Arctiini, Phaegopterina, Bertholdia, Argentina, Misiones, Brazil, Travassos, arctiid moth, tiger moth, subtropical forest, Paraná forest

Full Text:

PDF (2MB)

References


Beccacece, H.M. & Vincent, B. (2014) A new species of the genus Mazaeras Walker, 1855 (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae). Zootaxa, 3847 (4), 595–600.

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3847.4.10

Biezanko, C.M., Ruffinelli, A. & Carbonell, C.S. (1957) Lepidoptera del Uruguay. Lista anotada de especies. Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía, 46, 1–152.

Corcoran, A.J., Barber, J.R. & Conner, W.E. (2009) Tiger Moth Jams Bat Sonar. Science, 325, 325–327.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1174096

Druce, H. (1897) Biologia Centrali Americana Insecta Lepidoptera-Heterocera Vol II. Porter, R. H., London, 622 pp.

http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.730

Hampson, G.F. (1901) Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the British Museum 3. Printed by order of the Trustees, London, 690 pp.

GBIF secretariat (2013) GBIF: Global Biodiversity Information Facility, GBIF backbone taxonomy. Available from: http://www.gbif.org/species/ (accessed 21 October 2016)

Gibeaux, Ch. (2016a) Deux Bertholdia nouveaux du Venezuela (Lepidoptera Erebidae Arctiinae Phaegopterini). L’Entomologiste, 72 (5), 307–313.

Gibeaux, Ch. (2016b) Les Bertholdia Schaus, 1896, de Guyane française, avec la description d’espèces inédites (10e note) (Lepidoptera Erebidae Arctiinae Phaegopterina). Antenor, 3 (2), 114–132.

Hernández-Baz, F., Maes, J.M. & Laguerre, M. (2003) Listado preliminar de los Arctiidae (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea) de Nicaragua. Revista Nicaragüense de Entomología, 63, 1–15.

Nascimento, M.S., Ferro, V.G. & Monteiro, R.F. (2016) Arctiinae (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 16 (2), e20150112.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-BN-2015-0112

Rawlins, J.E. (1982) A revision of the moths in the Genus Bertholdia (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae): systematics, phylogeny, and biogeography. Ph.D. thesis dissertation, Faculty of the Graduate School of Cornell University, Ithaca, NY. 629 pp.

Rothschild, W. (1910) Catalogue of the Arctianae in the Tring Museum, with notes and descriptions of new species. Novitates Zoologicae, 17, 1–85.
https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.13688

Schaus, W. (1896) New species of Heterocera. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 4, 51–60.

Shorthouse, D.P. (2010) SimpleMappr, an online tool to produce publication-quality point maps. Available from http://www.simplemappr.net. (accessed 21 October 2016)

Süßenbach, D. (2003) Diversität von Nachtfaltergemeinschaften entlang eines höhengradienten in Südecuador (Lepidoptera: Pyraloidea, Arctiidae). Dissertation, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, 209 pp. Avaliable from: http://opus.ub.uni-bayreuth.de/volltexte/2003/33/ (Accessed 1 Mar. 2017)

Travassos, L. 1948. Contribuição ao conhecimento dos “Arctiidae”. Genero “Bertholdia” Schaus, 1896. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 8, 341–360.

Travassos, L. 1950. Contribuição ao conhecimento dos “Arctiidae” XXII. Ainda sôbre as espécies do gênero Bertholdia Schaus, 1896. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 10 (4), 447–464.

Vincent, B. & Laguerre, M. (2014) Catalogue of the Neotropical Arctiini Leach, [1815] (except Ctenuchina Kirby, 1837 and Euchromiini Butler, 1876). Zoosystema, 36 (2), 137–533.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5252/z2014n2a1

Vincent, B., Hajibabaei, M. & Rougerie, R. (2014) A striking new genus and species of tiger-moth (Lepidoptera: Erebidae, Arctiinae, Arctiini) from the Caribbean, with molecular and morphological analysis of its systematic placement. Zootaxa, 3760 (2), 289–300.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3760.2.8

Zaspel, J.M., Weller, S.J., Wardwell, C.T., Zahiri, R. & Wahlberg, N. (2014) Phylogeny and Evolution of Pharmacophagy in Tiger Moths (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae). PLoS ONE, 9 (7), e101975.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101975

Zenker, M.M., Wahlberg, N., Brehm, G., Teston, J.A., Przybylowicz, L., Pie, M.R. & Freitas, A.V.L. (2016) Systematics and origin of moths in the subfamily Arctiinae (Lepidoptera, Erebidae) in the Neotropical region. Zoologica Scripta.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/zsc.12202




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4238.1.6

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand