Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Amazoniaseius imparisetosus n. sp., n. g.: an unusual new phytoseiid mite (Acari: Phytoseiidae) from the Amazon forest

PETERSON R. DEMITE, WILTON P. da CRUZ, JAMES A. McMURTRY, GILBERTO J. de MORAES

Abstract


A new genus and species of the subfamily Typhlodrominae are described from the Brazilian Amazon. The main differences between this and all other phytoseiid species are the presence of two unpaired setae on dorsal shield of deutonymphs and adults, and the absence of all ZV setae. It also differs from other typhlodromine species by its relatively long J5 setae, the presence of seta J4 and the broadly rounded posterior margin of the genital shield. Thus, the unique idiosomal setal pattern of this species is here designated as 13A+x:8F+X/JV-3,4:ZV-1–3. Because of the unique characteristics, we here describe this new taxon, Amazoniaseius imparisetosus n. sp., n. g., based on protonymphs, deutonymphs and adult females. This species is accommodated in tribe Paraseiulini Wainstein within Typhlodrominae, due to the presence of the setae z6 and S4. The tribe is redefined and an updated dichotomous key for the separation of the genera of Paraseiulini is provided.

 


Keywords


Acari, diversity, dorsal setal pattern, unpaired setae, taxonomy, Typhlodrominae, Paraseiulini

Full Text:

PDF (394KB)

References


Athias-Henriot, C. (1969) Les organes cuticulaires sensoriels et glandulaires des gamasides. Poroïdotaxie et adénotaxie. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, 94, 485–492.

Beard, J.J. (1999) A revision of the Australian mite genus Australiseiulus Muma (Acarina: Phytoseiidae). Invertebrate Taxonomy, 13, 351–368.
https://doi.org/10.1071/IT97032

Chant, D.A. & McMurtry, J.A. (1994) A review of the subfamilies Phytoseiinae and Typhlodrominae (Acari: Phytoseiidae). International Journal of Acarology, 20, 223–310.
https://doi.org/10.1080/01647959408684022

Chant, D.A. & McMurtry, J.A. (2007) Illustrated Keys and Diagnoses for the Genera and Subgenera of the Phytoseiidae of the World (Acari: Mesostigmata). Indira Publishing House, West Bloomfield, 219 pp.

Chant, D.A. & Yoshida-Shaul, E. (1991) Adult ventral setal patterns in the family Phytoseiidae (Acari: Gamasina). International Journal of Acarology, 17, 187–199.
https://doi.org/10.1080/01647959108683906

Cruz, W.P. da, Krug, C., Vasconcelos, G.J.N. de & Moraes, G.J. de (2015) Diversity of mites associated with Raoiella indica (Acari: Prostigmata) on coconut palms in the central region of the Brazilian Amazonia, with emphasis on the predaceous Phytoseiidae (Acari: Mesostigmata). Systematic & Applied Acarology, 20, 875–886.
https://doi.org/10.11158/saa.20.8.4

Demite, P.R., McMurtry, J.A. & Moraes, G.J. de (2014a) Phytoseiidae Database: a website for taxonomic and distributional information on phytoseiid mites (Acari). Zootaxa, 3795 (5), 571–577.
https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3795.5.6

Demite, P.R., Gondim Jr., M.G.C., Lofego, A.C. & Moraes, G.J. de (2014b) A new species of Galendromimus Muma from Brazil (Acari: Phytoseiidae) with a review of the tribe Galendromimini Chant & McMurtry. Zootaxa, 3835 (4), 593–599.
https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3835.4.10

Demite, P.R., Lofego, A.C. & Feres, R.J.F. (2008) A new species of Galendromus (Acari: Phytoseiidae): a case of intraspecific variation and redefinition of carinulatus species group. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 101, 804–807.
https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/101.5.804

Demite, P.R., Moraes, G.J. de, McMurtry, J.A., Denmark, H.A. & Castilho, R. de C. (2016) Phytoseiidae Database. Available from: http://www.lea.esalq.usp.br/phytoseiidae (accessed 4 October 2016)

Evans, G.O. & Till, W.M. (1966) Studies on the British Dermanyssidae (Acari: Mesostigmata). Part II. Classification. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology, 14, 107–370.

Famah-Sourassou, N., Moraes, G.J. de, Delalibera Junior, I. & Correa, A.S. (2015) Phylogenetic analysis of Ascidae sensu lato and related groups (Acari: Mesostigmata: Gamasina) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA partial sequences. Systematic & Applied Acarology, 20, 225–240.
https://doi.org/10.11158/saa.20.3.1

Gerson, U., Smiley, R.L. & Ochoa, R. (2003) Mites for Pest Control. Blackwell Science, Oxford, 539 pp.
https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470750995

Gondim Jr., M.G.C., Castro, T.M.M.G., Marsaro Jr., A.L., Navia, D., Melo, J.W.S., Demite, P.R. & Moraes, G.J. de (2012) Can the red palm mite threaten the Amazon vegetation? Systematics and Biodiversity, 10, 527–535.
https://doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2012.752415

Kolodochka, L.A. (1995) A revision of the genus Eharius (Parasitiformes, Phytoseiidae). Zhurnal Ukrainsíkogo Entomologichnogo Tovaristva, 1, 79–96.

Lindquist, E.E. & Evans, G.O. (1965) Taxonomic concepts in the Ascidae, with a modified setal nomenclature for the idiosoma of the Gamasina (Acarina: Mesostigmata). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 47, 1–65.
https://doi.org/10.4039/entm9747fv

Lindquist, E.E., Krantz, G.W. & Walter, D.E. (2009) Order Mesostigmata. In: Krantz, G.W. & Walter, D.E. (Eds.), Manual of Acarology. 3rd Edition. Texas Tech University Press, Lubbock, pp.124–232.

Lindquist, E.E. & Moraza, M.L. (2008) A new genus of flower-dwelling melicharid mites (Acari: Mesostigmata: Ascoidea) phoretic on bats and insects in Costa Rica and Brazil. Zootaxa, 1685, 1–37.

McMurtry, J.A. (2010) Concepts of classification of the Phytoseiidae: relevance to biological control. In: Sabelis, M.W. & Bruin, J. (Eds.), Trends in Acarology: Proceedings of the 12th International Congress of Acarology. Springer, New York, pp. 393–397.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9837-5_64

McMurtry, J.A., Moraes, G.J. de & Famah Sourassou, N. (2013) Revision of the lifestyles of phytoseiid mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) and implications for biological control strategies. Systematic & Applied Acarology, 18, 297–320.
https://doi.org/10.11158/saa.18.4.1

McMurtry, J.A., Famah Sourassou, N. & Demite, P.R. (2015) The Phytoseiidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) as biological control agents. In: Carrilo, D., Moraes, G.J. de & Peña, J.E. (Eds.), Prospects for Biological Control of Plant Feeding Mites and Other Harmful Organisms. Springer, Cham, pp. 133–149.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-15042-0_5

Mineiro, J.L. de C., Silva, W.R. da & Silva, R.A. da (2009) Ácaros em fruteiras e outras plantas no Estado de Amapá. Biota Neotropica, 9, 103–106.
https://doi.org/10.1590/S1676-06032009000200009

Moraes, G.J. de, McMurtry, J.A. & Mineiro, J.L. de C. (2003) A new genus and species of Phytoseiid mite (Acari: Phytoseiidae) from Brazil. International Journal of Acarology, 29, 47–54.
https://doi.org/10.1080/01647950308684320

Moraes, G.J. de, Britto, E.P.J., Mineiro, J.L. de C. & Halliday, B. (2016) Catalogue of the mite families Ascidae Voigts & Oudemans, Battisociidae Garman and Melicharidae Hirschmann (Acari: Mesostigmata). Zootaxa, 4112 (1), 1–299.
https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4112.1.1

Nuvoloni, F.M., Lofego, A.C., Rezende, J.M. & Feres, R.J.F. (2015) Phytoseiidae mites associated with Hevea spp. from the Amazon region: a hidden diversity under the canopy of native trees. Systematics and Biodiversity, 13, 182–206.
https://doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2014.985344

Rodrigues, J.C. & Antony, L.M.K. (2011) First report of Raoiella indica (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) in Amazonas state, Brazil. Florida Entomologist, 94, 1073–1074.

http://doi.org/10.1653/024.094.0452

Rowell, H.J., Chant, D.A. & Hansell, R.I.C. (1978) The determination of setal homologies and setal patterns on the dorsal shield in the family Phytoseiidae (Acarina: Mesostigmata). The Canadian Entomologist, 110, 859–876.
https://doi.org/10.4039/Ent110859-8

Schicha, E. (1981) Five known and five new species of phytoseiid mites from Australia and the South Pacific. General and Applied Entomology, 13, 29–46.

Souza, M. do S. de, Deus, E. da G. de, Mineiro, J.L. de C. & Adaime, R. (2013) Mites (Arachnida: Acari) associated with hog plum trees (Spondias mombin L.) in the Brazilian Amazon. Biota Amazônia, 3, 177–180.
https://doi.org/10.18561/2179-5746/biotaamazonia.v3n3p177-180

Tixier, M.-S., Kreiter S., Douin M. & Moraes, G.J. de (2012) Rates of description of Phytoseiidae mite species (Acari: Mesostigmata): space, time and body size variations. Biodiversity and Conservation, 21, 993–1013.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-012-0235-0

Tixier, M.-S., Allam, L., Douin, M. & Kreiter, S. (2016) Phytoseiidae (Acari: Mesostigmata) of Morocco: new records, descritpions of five new species, re-descriptions of two species, and key for identification. Zootaxa, 4067 (5), 501–551.
https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4067.5.1

Toyoshima, S. & Amano, H. (2013) Intraspecific variations of idiosomal setal patterns of phytoseiid mites. Journal of the Acarological Society of Japan, 22, 25–36.
https://doi.org/10.2300/acari.22.25

Wainstein, B.A. (1976) A new tribe of the family Phytoseiidae (Parasitiformes) Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 55, 696–700. [in Russian]




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4236.2.5

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand