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Stalked jellyfishes (Cnidaria: Staurozoa) of South Africa, with the description of Calvadosia lewisi sp. nov.

LUCÍLIA S. MIRANDA, GEORGE M. BRANCH, ALLEN G. COLLINS, YAYOI M. HIRANO, ANTONIO C. MARQUES, CHARLES L. GRIFFITHS

Abstract


Stalked jellyfishes (Cnidaria: Staurozoa) are cryptic, benthic animals, known mainly from polar and temperate waters of the Northern Hemisphere. We describe a new species, Calvadosia lewisi, from South Africa and review the staurozoan fauna of the region. Three other species are previously known from South Africa: Calvadosia capensis (Carlgren, 1938); Depastromorpha africana Carlgren, 1935; and Lipkea stephensoni Carlgren, 1933, but all of these are known from very few records and have been poorly illustrated and documented to date. We provide brief descriptions and photographic illustrations for each species and a list of local and global geographical records. Two (L. stephensoni and C. lewisi), but possibly three (D. africana), of the four known South African staurozoan species are endemic from South Africa. The new species, images, and extra distributional records presented here greatly improve knowledge of the staurozoan fauna in South Africa and, consequently, of the Southern Hemisphere.

 


Keywords


Coelenterata, Stauromedusae, Amyostaurida, Kishinouyeidae, diversity, taxonomy

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4227.3.5

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