Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A new iphiculid crab (Crustacea, Brachyura, Leucosioidea) from the Middle Miocene of Austria, with notes on palaeobiogeography of Iphiculus



A new fossil species of the iphiculid genus Iphiculus Adams & White, 1849, (Crustacea, Brachyura) is described on the basis of three specimens from the Middle Miocene Florian Beds of Styria, Austria. Iphiculus eliasi sp. nov. constitutes the first European record of the genus. This occurrence represents the oldest record of Iphiculus, having implications for the palaeobiogeographic history of the family Iphiculidae. It is suggested that Iphiculus may have originated in the Western Tethys and migrated subsequently into the Indo-West Pacific. Alternatively, its current geographic restriction to the Indo-West Pacific can be a remnant of an ancient broader geographic distribution.



Crustacea, Decapoda, Iphiculidae, new taxon, Badenian, Styrian Basin

Full Text:



Adams, A. & White, A. (1849) Crustacea, Part II. In: Adams, A. (Ed.), Zoology of the Voyage of H. M. S. Samarang; under the command of Captain Sir Edward Belcher, C.B., F.R.A.S., F.G.S., during the years 1843–1846. Reeve, Benham & Reeve, London, pp. 33–67, pls. 7–13.

Alcock, A. (1896) Materials for a carcinological fauna of India. No. 2. The Brachyura Oxystoma. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 65, 134–296, pls. 6–8.

Alcock, A. & Anderson, A.R.S. (1894) An account of a recent collection of deep-sea Crustacea from the Bay of Bengal and Laccadive Sea. Natural history notes from H.M. Royal Indian Marine Survey Steamer “Investigator”, commander C.F. Oldham, R.N., commanding. - Series II, No. 14. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 63 (3), 141–185, pl. 9.

Artal, P. & Hyžný, M. (2016) An appraisal of Typilobus Stoliczka, 1871 (Crustacea, Brachyura, Leucosioidea), with description of a new family and genus. Zootaxa, 4117 (3), 387–398.

Beets, C. (1950) On fossil brachyuran crabs from the East Indies. Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Nederlands Geologisch Mijnbouwkundig Genootschap, Geologische Serie, 15, 349–354.

Collins, J.S.H., Lee, C. & Noad, J. (2003) Miocene and Pleistocene crabs (Crustacea, Decapoda) from Sabah and Sarawak. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology, 1, 187–226.

Feldmann, R.M. & Portell, R.W. (2007) First report of Costacopluma Collins and Morris, 1975 (Decapoda: Brachyura: Retroplumidae) from the Eocene of Alabama, U.S.A. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 27, 90–96.

Feldmann, R.M., Schweitzer, C.E., Bennett, O., Franţescu, O., Resar, N. & Trudeau, A. (2011) New Eocene Brachyura (Crustacea: Decapoda) from Egypt. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Abhandlungen, 262, 323–353.

Friebe, J.G. (1990) Lithostratigraphische Neugliederung und Sedimentologie der Ablagerungen des Badeniens (Miozän) um die Mittelsteirische Schwelle (Steirisches Becken, Österreich). Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 133, 223–257.

Galil, B.S. (2003) Four new genera of leucosiid crabs (Crustacea: Brachyura: Leucosiidae) for three new species and nine species previously in the genus Randallia Stimpson, 1857, with a redescription of the type species, R. ornata (Randall, 1939). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 116, 395–422.

Galil, B.S. (2007) The deep-water Calappidae, Matutidae and Leucosiidae of the Solomon Islands, with a description of a new species of Euclosia Galil, 2003 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura). Zoosystema, 29, 555–563.

Galil, B.S. & Ng, P.K.L. (2007) Leucosiid crabs from Panglao, Philippines, with description of three new species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 16, 79–94.

Galil, B.S. & Ng, P.K.L. (2009) Calappoidea and Leucosioidea (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) from Luzon, Philippines, with descriptions of two new species of Mursia. Zootaxa, 2085, 45–60.

Galil, B.S. & Ng, P.K.L. (2010) On a collection of calappoid and leucosioid crabs (Decapoda, Brachyura) from Vanuatu, with description of a new species of Leucosiidae. In: Castro, P., Davie, P.J.F., Ng, P.K.L. & Richer de Forges, B. (Eds.), Studies on Brachyura: a Homage to Danièle Guinot. Crustaceana Monographs Vol. 11. Brill, Leiden, pp. 139–152.

Guinot, D. (1977) Propositions pour une nouvelle classification des Crustacé Décapodes Brachyoures. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l’Académie des sciences, Série D, 285, 1049–1052.

Harzhauser , M., Kroh, A., Mandic, O., Piller, W.E., Göhlich, U., Reuter, M. & Berning, B. (2007) Biogeographic responses to geodynamics: a key study all around the Oligo-Miocene Tethyan Seaway. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 246, 241–256.

Harzhauser, M., Mandic, O., Piller, W.E, Reuter, M. & Kroh, A. (2008) Tracing back the origin of the Indo-Pacific mollusc fauna: basal Tridacninae from the Oligocene and Miocene of the Sultanate of Oman. Palaeontology, 51, 199–213.

Hohenegger, J., Ćorić, S. & Wagreich M. (2014) Timing of the Middle Miocene Badenian Stage of the Central Paratethys. Geologica Carpathica, 65, 55–66.

Hohenegger, J., Rögl, F., Ćorić, S., Pervesler, P., Lirer, F., Roetzel, R., Scholger, R. & Stingl, K. (2009) The Styrian Basin: a key to the Middle Miocene (Badenian/Langhian) Central Paratethys transgressions. Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, 102, 102–132.

Holler, A. (1900) Über die Fauna der Meeresbildungen von Wetzelsdorf bei Preding in Steiermark. Mitteilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereines für Steiermark, 36, 48–71.

Hyžný, M. & Gross, M. (in press) From the palaeontological collection of the Universalmuseum Joanneum – The Cenozoic Decapod Crustaceans (Crustacea: Malacostraca: Decapoda). Joannea Geologie und Paläontologie, 12.

Ihle, J.E.W. (1918) Die Decapoda Brachyura der Siboga-Expedition. III. Oxystomata: Calappidae, Leucosiidae, Raninidae. Siboga Expeditie Monographie, 39b2, 159–322, figs. 78–148.

Karasawa, H. (1993) Cenozoic decapod Crustacea from southwest Japan. Bulletin of the Mizunami Fossil Museum, 20, 1–92, 24 pls.

Karasawa, H. (1998) Typilobus kishimotoi, a new leucosiid crab (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) from the Miocene Katsuta Group, Japan. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 111, 97–101.

Khodaverdi Hassan-vand, M., Bahrami, A., Yazdi, M., Ossó, À., Safari, A., Martínez, J.L. & Vega, F.J. (2016) Occurrence of Retrocypoda almelai Via Boada, 1959 (Decapoda: Retroplumidae) in the Eocene of Central Iran. Paleontología Mexicana, 5, 21–31.

Klompmaker, A.A., Hyžný, M. & Jakobsen, S.L. (2015) Taphonomy of decapod crustacean cuticle and its effect on the appearance as exemplified by new and known taxa from the Cretaceous - Danian crab Caloxanthus. Cretaceous Research, 55, 141–151.

Kollmann, K. (1965) Jungtertiär im Steirischen Becken. Mitteilungen der Geologischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 57, 479–632.

Kopetzky, G. (1957) Das Miozän zwischen Kainach und Laßnitz in Südweststeiermark. Mitteilungen des Museums für Bergbau, Geologie und Technik am Landesmuseum Joanneum, 18, 3–112.

Latreille, P.A. (1802–1803) Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière, des Crustacés et des Insectes. Vol. 3. F. Dufart, Paris, 468 pp.

Morris, S.F. & Collins, J.S.H. (1991) Neogene crabs from Brunei, Sabah and Sarawak. Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History (Geology), 47, 1–33.

Müller, P. (1993) Neogene decapod crustaceans from Catalonia. Scripta Musei Geologici Seminarii Barcinonensis, 225, 1–39.

Ng, P.K.L., Guinot, D. & Davie, P.J.F. (2008) Systema Brachyurorum: Part I. An annotated checklist of extant brachyuran crabs of the world. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 17, 1–286.

Renema, W., Bellwood, D.R., Braga, J.C., Bromfield, K., Hall, R., Johnson, K.G., Lunt, P., Meyer, C.P., McMonagle, L.B., Morley, R.J., O’Rea, A., Todd, J.A., Wesselingh, F.P., Wilson, M.E.J. & Pandolfi, J.M. (2008) Hopping hotspots: global shifts in marine biodiversity. Science, 321, 654–657.

Rögl, F. (1998) Palaeogeographic considerations for Mediterranean and Paratethys seaways (Oligocene to Miocene). Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, A99, 279–310.

Rögl, F. (1999) Mediterranean and Paratethys. Facts and hypotheses of an Oligocene to Miocene paleogeography (short overview). Geologica Carpathica, 50, 339–349.

Saint-Laurent, M. de (1980) Sur la classification et la phylogénie des Crustacés Décapodes Brachyoures. I. Podotremata Guinot, 1977, et Eubrachyura sect. nov. Comptes Rendus hebdomadaires des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences, Paris, Série D, 290, 1265–1268.

Samouelle, G. (1819) The entomologist’s useful compendium; or an introduction to the knowledge of British insects, comprising the best means of obtaining and preserving them, and a description of the apparatus generally used; together with the genera of Linné, and the modern method of arranging the classes Crustacea, Myriapoda, Spiders, Mites and Insects, from their affinities and structure, according to the views of Dr. Leach. Also an explanation of the terms used in entomology; a calendar of the times of appearance and usual situations of near 3,000 species of British insects; with instructions for collecting and fitting up objects for the microscope. Printed for Thomas Boys, London, 496 pp.

Schweitzer, C.E., Feldmann, R.M., Garassino, A., Karasawa, H. & Schweigert, G. (2010) Systematic list of fossil decapod crustacean species. Crustaceana Monographs, 10, 1–222.

Stimpson, W. (1857) Notices of new species of Crustacea of western North America; being an abstract from a paper to be published in the journal of the Society. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History, 6, 84–89.

Stoliczka, F. (1871) Observations of fossil crabs from Tertiary deposits in Sind and Kutch. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, Palaeontologica Indica, Series 7, XIV, Vol. 1, part 1, 1–16, 5 pls.

Vía, L. (1941) Los cancrejos fósiles de Cataluña. Boletín del Instituto Geológico de España, 55, 55–128.

Vía Boada, L. (1959) Decápodos fósiles del Eoceno español. Boletín del Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, 70, 331–402.

Vía Boada, L. (1969) Crustáceos decápodos del Eoceno español. Pirineos, 91–94, 1–469.

Zachos, J.C., Dickens, G.R. & Zeebe, R.E. (2008) An early Cenozoic perspective on greenhouse warming and carbon-cycle dynamics. Nature, 451, 279–283.

Zachos, J., Pagani, M., Sloan, L., Thomas, E. & Billups, K. (2001) Trends, rhythms, and aberrations in global climate 65 Ma to present. Science, 292, 686–693.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand