Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Cnemaspis rajakarunai sp. nov., a rock dwelling day-gecko (Sauria: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis) from Salgala, an unprotected lowland rainforest in Sri Lanka

L. J. MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE, DULAN RANGA VIDANAPATHIRANA, R. M. GAYAN PRIYANKARA RATHNAYAKE

Abstract


A new species of Cnemaspis, Cnemaspis rajakarunai sp. nov. is described and is the fourth rock dwelling species belonging to the genus known from Sri Lanka. The new species is readily distinguished from all other congeners by the following combination of characters: adult snout–vent length 36–40 mm; precloacal pores absent, large femoero-precloacal scales 22; femoral pores 7–8, enlarged femoral scales 6; ventral scales 146–186; supralabials (to midorbital position) 7; supralabials (to angle of jaws) 9; total lamellae on finger IV 19–22, shape of the basal lamellae on toe IV elliptical; and its unique colour pattern. The new species is recorded from Salgala Forest an unprotected lowland rain forest.

 


Keywords


Reptilia, Endemic, new taxa, old world gecko, Sri Lanka

Full Text:

PDF (14MB)

References


Annandale, N. (1904) Contributions to Oriental herpetology I. The lizards of the Andamans, with the description of a new gecko and a note on the reproduced tail in Ptychozoon homalocephalum. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 73, 12–22.

Bauer, A.M. (2002) Two new species of Cnemaspis (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Gund, Uttara Kannada, India. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut, 99, 155–167.

Bauer, A.M., De Silva, A., Greenbaum, E. & Jackman, T. (2007) A new species of day gecko from high elevation in Sri Lanka, with a preliminary phylogeny of Sri Lankan Cnemaspis (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae). Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, Zoologische Reihe, 83 (Supplement), 22–32.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mmnz.200600022

Beddome, R.H. (1870) Descriptions of some new lizards from the Madras Presidency. Madras Monthly Journal of Medicine and Science, 1, 30–35.

Bergmann, P.J. & Russell, A.P. (2003) Lamella and scansor numbers in Thecadactylus rapicauda (Gekkonidae): Patterns revealed through correlational analysis and implications for systematic and functional studies. Amphibia-Reptilia, 24, 379–385.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156853803322440826

Boulenger, G.A. (1885) Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 1. British Museum (Natural History), London, xii + 436 pp.

Das, I. & Bauer, A.M. (2000) Two new species of Cnemaspis (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Tamil Nadu, southern India. Russian Journal of Herpetology, 7 (1), 17–28.

Deraniyagala, P.E.P. (1944) A new Cnemaspis gecko from Ceylon. Journal of Royal Asiatic Society, (Ceylon Branch), 36, 226–227.

Ferguson, W. (1877) Reptile fauna of Ceylon. Government Printer, Colombo. 41 pp.

Giri, V.B., Bauer, A.M. & Gaikwad, K.S. (2009) A new ground-dwelling species of Cnemaspis Strauch (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. Zootaxa, 2164, 49–60.

Gray, J.E. (1842) Description of some new species of reptiles, chiefly from the British Museum collection. The Zoological Miscellany, 2, 57–59.

Gray, J.E. (1846) Descriptions of some new species of Indian lizards. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 18, 429–430.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/037454809494450

Inger, R.F., Marx, H. & Koshy, M. (1984) An undescribed species of gekkonid lizard (Cnemaspis) from India with comments on the status of C. tropidogaster. Herpetologica, 40 (2), 149–154.

Jerdon, T.C. (1853) Catalogue of reptiles inhabiting the Peninsula of India. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 22, 462–479.

Kelaart, E.F. (1852) Prodromus Faunae Zeylanicae, being contributions to the zoology of Ceylon. Vol. 1. Published by the author, Colombo, xxxiii + 197 pp.

Manamendra-Arachchi, K., Batuwita, S. & Pethiyagoda, R. (2007) A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and Southern India. Zeylanica, 7 (1), 9–122.

Mirza, Z.A., Pal, S., Bhosale, H.S. & Sanap, R.V. (2014) A new species of gecko of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 from the Western Ghats, India. Zootaxa, 3815 (4), 494–506.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3815.4.2

Sharma, R.C. (1976) Records of the reptiles of Goa. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 71, 149–167.

Stoliczka, F. (1873) Notes on some Andamese and Nicobarese reptiles, with the descriptions of three new species of lizards. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 42, 162–169.

Srinivasulu, C., Kumar, G.C. & Srinivasulu, B. (2015) A new species of Cnemaspis (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Northern Karnataka. Zootaxa, 3947 (1), 085–098.

Strauch, A. (1887) Bermerkungen über die Geckonidensammlung im zoologischen Museum der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu St. Petersburg. Mémoiresde l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg, 35, 1–72, 1 pl.

Theobald, W. (1868) Catalogue of reptiles in the Museum of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 37, 1–88.

Theobald, W. (1876) Descriptive catalogue of the reptiles of British India. Thacker, Spink and Co., Calcutta, xiii + 238 pp.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.5483

Vidanapathirana, D.R., Rajeev, M.D.G., Wickramasinghe, N., Fernando, S.S. & Wickramasinghe, L.J.M. (2014) Cnemaspis rammalensis sp. nov., Sri Lanka’s largest day-gecko (Sauria: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis) from Rammalakanda Man and Biosphere Reserve in southern Sri Lanka. Zootaxa, 3755 (3), 273–286.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3755.3.5

Wickramasinghe, L.J.M. (2012) Taxonomy and conservation status of terrestrial reptile fauna in Sri Lanka. In: Weerakoon, D.K. & Wijesundara, S. (Eds.), The National Red List 2012 of Sri Lanka; Conservation Status of the Fauna and Flora. Ministry of Environment, Colombo, pp. 99–113.

Wickramasinghe, L.J.M. & Munindradasa, D.A.I. (2007) Review of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Sauria: Gekkonidae) in Sri Lanka with the description of five new species. Zootaxa, 1490, 1–63.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4168.1.4

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand