Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Three new stingrays (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae) from the Indo–West Pacific

PETER R. LAST, WILLIAM T. WHITE, GAVIN NAYLOR

Abstract


Three undescribed stingrays were discovered as part of a broader revision of the family Dasyatidae that formed part of the Chondrichthyan Tree of Life project. This research forms part of a sequence of papers on rays aimed at describing unnamed species for inclusion in a multi-authored guide to rays of the world. The first part of this series focused on a redefinition of genera of the family Dasyatidae. The new Indo–West Pacific taxa are represented by separate genera from three dasyatid subfamilies: Himantura australis sp. nov. (northern Australia and Papua New Guinea), Taeniura lessoni sp. nov. (Melanesia) and Telatrygon biasa sp. nov. (Indo–Malay Archipelago). Himantura australis sp. nov., which belongs to a complex of four closely related reticulate whiprays, differs subtly from its congeners in coloration, morphometrics and distribution. Taeniura lessoni sp. nov. is the second species in a genus containing the widely-distributed T. lymma, which is possibly the most abundant stingray in shallow coral-reef habitats of the Indo–Pacific, with the new species apparently restricted to Melanesia. Taeniura lessoni sp. nov. is distinguishable by the absence of a distinctive pair of vivid blue longitudinal stripes on the dorsolateral edges of the tail which is one of the most distinctive features of T. lymma. Telatrygon biasa sp. nov. belongs to a small, recently designated genus of stingrays represented by four species in the tropical Indo-West Pacific. Telatrygon biasa sp. nov. differs from these species in morphometrics. The new species differs markedly from T. zugei in its NADH2 sequence. Telatrygon crozieri is resurrected as a valid northern Indian Ocean representative of the T. zugei complex.

 


Keywords


Pisces, Dasyatidae, Himantura australis, Taeniura lessoni, Telatrygon biasa, Telatrygon crozieri, new species, Indo–West Pacific

Full Text:

PDF (17MB)

References


Bleeker, P. (1852) Bijdrage tot de kennis der Plagiostomen van den Indischen Archipel. Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen, 24 (12), 1–92.

Blyth, E. (1860) The cartilaginous fishes of lower Bengal. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 29 (1), 35–45.

Day, F. (1878) The fishes of India; being a natural history of the fishes known to inhabit the seas and fresh waters of India, Burma, and Ceylon, 4, 553–779, Pls. 139–195.

Day, F. (1889) Fishes. In: Blanford, W.T. (Ed.), The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Taylor & Francis, London. Vol. 1, 1–548.

Forsskål, P.S. (1775) Descriptiones animalium avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium; quae in itinere orientali observavit... Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Hauniae. 1–20 + i–xxxiv + 1–164.

Gmelin, J.F. (1789) Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species; cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decimo tertia, aucta, reformata. 3 vols. in 9 parts. Lipsiae, 1788–93, 1 (3), 1033–1516.

Herre, A.W.C.T. (1953) Check list of Philippine fishes. United States Fish and Wildlife Service Research Report, 20, 1–977.

Last, P.R & Stevens, J.D. (1994) Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, 513 pp.

Last, P.R & Stevens, J.D. (2009) Sharks and rays of Australia, Second edition. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, 656 pp.

Last, P.R. & White, W.T. (2008) Resurrection of the genus Neotrygon Castelnau (Myliobatoidei: Dasyatidae) with the description of Neotrygon picta sp. nov., a new species from northern Australia. In: Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (Eds.), Descriptions of New Australian Chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper 022, pp. 315–325.

Last, P.R., Naylor, G.J.P. & Manjaji-Matsumoto, B.M. (2016) A revised classification of the family Dasyatidae (Chondrichthyes: Myliobatiformes) based on new morphological and molecular insights. Zootaxa, 4139 (3), 345–368.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4139.3

Last, P.R., White, W.T., Caira, J.N., Dharmadi, Fahmi, Jensen, K., Lim, A.P.K., Manjaji-Matsumoto, B.M., Naylor, G.J.P., Pogonoski, J.J., Stevens, J.D. & Yearlsey, G.K. (2010) Sharks and Rays of Borneo. CSIRO Publishing, 298 pp.

Last, P.R., White, W.T., Carvalho, M.R. de, Séret, B., Stehmann, M.F.W. & Naylor, G.J.P. (Eds.), (in press) Rays of the World. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

Lesson, R.P. (1831) Poissons. In: Duperrey, L.I. (Ed.), Voyage autour du monde, ..., sur la corvette de La Majesté La Coquille, pendant les années 1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825..., Zoologie, 2 (1), 66–238.

Manjaji, B.M. (2004) Taxonomy and phylogenetic systematics of the Indo-Pacific Whip-Tailed Stingray genus Himantura Muller & Henle 1837 (Chondrichthyes: Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae). Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Tasmania, 1 & 2, i–xxii, 607 pp.

Manjaji-Matsumoto, B.M. & Last, P.R. (2006) Himantura lobistoma, a new whipray (Rajiformes: Dasyatidae) from Borneo, with comments on the status of Dasyatis microphthalmus. Ichthyological Research, 53 (3), 290–297.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10228-006-0350-6

Manjaji-Matsumoto, B.M. & Last, P.R. (2008) Himantura leoparda sp. nov., a new whipray (Myliobatoidei: Dasyatidae) from the Indo-Pacific. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper, No. 022, 292–301.

Miklouho-Maclay, N. de & Macleay, W. (1886) Plagiostomata of the Pacific. Part III. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 10 (4), 673–678.

Müller, J. & Henle, F.G.J. (1841) Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen. Veit und Comp., Berlin. 103–200.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.6906

Naylor, G.J.P., Caira, J.N., Jensen, K., Rosana, K.A.M., White, W.T. & Last, P.R. (2012) A DNA sequence-based approach to the identification of shark and ray species and its implications for global elasmobranch diversity and parasitology. Bulletin of the American Natural History Museum, 367, 263 pp.

Naylor, G.J.P., Yang, L., Corrigan, S. & Carvalho, M.R. de (2016) 2. Phylogeny and Classification of Rays. In: Last, P.R., White, W.T., Carvalho, M.R. de, Séret, B., Stehmann, M.F.W. & Naylor, G.J.P. (Eds.), Rays of the World, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne. [in press]

Nishida, K. & Nakaya, K. (1988) A new species of the genus Dasyatis (Elasmobranchii: Dasyatididae) from southern Japan and lectotype designation of D. zugei. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology, 35 (2), 115–123.

Paxton, J.R., Hoese, D.F., Allen, G.R. & Hanley, J.E. (1989) Zoological catalogue of Australia. Volume 7. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 7, 665 pp.

Séret, B. & McEachran, J.D. (1986) Catalogue critique des types de poissons du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. (Suite) Poissons batoïdes (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii, Batoidea). Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle Ser. 4: Section A: Zoologie, Biologie et Écologie Animales, 8 (4), Suppl. 3–50.

White, W.T. & Dharmadi (2007) Species and size compositions and reproductive biology of rays (Chondrichthyes, Batoidea) caught in target and non-target fisheries in eastern Indonesia. Journal of Fish Biology, 70, 1809–1837.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8649.2007.01458.x

White, W.T., Last, P.R., Stevens, J.D., Yearsley, G.K., Fahmi & Dharmadi (2006) Economically Important Sharks and Rays of Indonesia. ACIAR Publishing, Canberra, 329 pp.

Whitley, G.P. (1940) The fishes of Australia. Part I. The sharks, rays, devil-fish, and other primitive fishes of Australia and New Zealand. Australian zoological handbook. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Sydney. 280 pp.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4147.4.2

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand