Zootaxa https://www.mapress.com/zt <p><strong>Zootaxa</strong> is a mega-journal for zoological taxonomists in the world</p> Mangolia Press en-US Zootaxa 1175-5326 <p><strong>Revision of the ant-parasitizing genus <em>Pseudacteon</em> Coquillett (Diptera, Phoridae) from China</strong></p> https://www.mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5138.3.1 <p>The ant-parasitizing genus <em>Pseudacteon</em> Coquillett from China is revised. Nineteen species are recorded, of which nine are new to science: <em>P. robustisetosus </em><strong>sp. nov<em>.</em></strong><em>, P. inticlinatus</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>P. reticulatus</em> <strong>sp. nov<em>.</em></strong><em>, P. linzhiensis </em><strong>sp. nov<em>.</em></strong><em>, P. shennongjianus </em><strong>sp. nov<em>.</em></strong><em>, P. yunnanensis </em><strong>sp. nov<em>.</em></strong><em>, P. calceoliformis </em><strong>sp. nov<em>.</em></strong><em>, P. tianmuensis </em><strong>sp. nov.</strong><em>, </em>and <em>P. parviflavus </em><strong>sp. nov.</strong> The species<em> P. botulpalpatus </em>Disney <em>et</em> Michailovskaya, <em>P. rudisetosus</em> Disney <em>et</em> Michailovskaya, <em>P. setipalpatus</em> Disney <em>et</em> Michailovskaya, <em>P. setosus</em> Disney <em>et</em> Michailovskaya, <em>P. pullum</em> Michailovskaya and <em>P. formicarum</em> (Verrall) are recorded for the first time in China. The putative female of <em>P. pullum</em> Michailovskaya and the putative males of <em>P. trapeziformis</em> Zhang <em>et</em> Liu and <em>P. setipalpatus</em> Disney <em>et</em> Michailovskaya are also newly described. All known species are redescribed and illustrated. A key to species from China is presented.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> GUANG-CHUN LIU R. HENRY L. DISNEY Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 5138 3 201 237 10.11646/zootaxa.5138.3.1 <p><strong>A taxonomic study on the South Korean <em>Diplonevra</em> (Diptera: Phoridae)</strong></p> https://www.mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5138.3.2 <p>The South Korean species of the genus <em>Diplonevra</em> are revised and eight species are recognized. Three of these species, <em>D. biflagella</em>, <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>D. incisura</em>, <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, and <em>D. nigritarsis</em>, <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, are new to science and four species, <em>D. abbreviata </em>(von Roser, 1840), <em>D. florescens</em> (Turton, 1801), <em>D. hirsuta</em> Michailovskaya, 2000, and <em>D. peregrina</em> (Wiedemann, 1830), are described for the first time in Korea. Distribution of <em>D. bifasciata </em>(Walker, 1860), the only previously recorded species in Korean checklists, is confirmed based on figures of a female specimen in previous publications. <em>Diplonevra lamella</em> Liu &amp; Yang, 2016 is considered a junior synonym of <em>D. hirsuta</em> Michailovskaya, 2000. The Chinese and Russian Far East records of <em>D. pachycera</em> (<em>nec</em> Schmitz) are treated as misidentifications of <em>D. incisura</em>, <strong>sp. nov.</strong> and <em>D. nigritarsis</em>, <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, respectively. Also, the Chinese record of <em>D. taigaensis</em> (<em>nec</em> Michailovskaya) should be identified as <em>D. biflagella</em>, <strong>sp. nov.</strong> Detailed descriptions and photographs of three new species and four redescribed species and keys to eight males and seven females of <em>Diplonevra</em> species in South Korea are provided.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> JUN-HO LEE JUN-GI LEE SAM-KYU KIM Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 5138 3 238 260 10.11646/zootaxa.5138.3.2 <p><strong>Three new species of the shrimp genus <em>Salmoneus</em> Holthuis, 1955 from the Red Sea, with a new record of <em>S. poupini</em> Anker, 2010 (Malacostraca: Decapoda: Alpheidae)</strong></p> https://www.mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5138.3.3 <p>Three new species of the alpheid shrimp genus <em>Salmoneus</em> Holthuis, 1955 are described from the Red Sea coast of Saudi Arabia: <em>S. farasan</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong> from the Farasan Islands; <em>S. arabicus</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong> from Thuwal and Farasan Banks; and <em>S. kausti</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong> from Thuwal. <em>Salmoneus poupini </em>Anker, 2011, previously known from French Polynesia and the Philippines, is reported for the first time from the Red Sea, based on material from Thuwal, Farasan Banks and Farasan Islands. In addition, the previously known distributional range of the closely related <em>S. komaii</em> Anker, 2011 is extended from the Mariana Islands to French Polynesia.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> ARTHUR ANKER Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 5138 3 261 282 10.11646/zootaxa.5138.3.3 <p><strong>Five new species and new records of caddisflies (Insecta: Trichoptera) from Australia’s ‘Top End’</strong></p> https://www.mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5138.3.4 <p>Five new species of caddisflies are described from the ‘Top End’ of the Northern Territory, three in the family Ecnomidae—<em>Ecnomina</em> <em>radonica </em><strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Neboissomina</em> <em>topendica </em><strong>sp. nov.</strong>, <em>Wellsomina tamoides</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong>—and two in Polycentropodidae—<em>Polyplectropus</em> <em>bamboosa</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong> and <em>P.</em> <em>berryensis</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong> Four of these new species are endemic to the Top End, <em>P.</em> <em>berryensis </em><strong>sp. nov.</strong> is also recorded from northern Western Australia. In addition, first reports are given for the Top End for two previously described species, one each in genera <em>Ecnomus</em> McLachlan and <em>Wellsomina </em>Cartwright, and new records are given for eighteen species of <em>Ecnomus </em>McLachlan, one further species of <em>Ecnomina </em>Kimmins and <em>Neboissomina</em> Cartwright, and six species of <em>Wellsomina</em> Cartwright (all Ecnomidae), four species of <em>Nyctiophylax</em> Brauer (Polycentropodidae), and <em>Tinodes</em> <em>radona</em> Neboiss (Psychomyiidae). Finally, one male (and three females) of <em>Hyalopsyche disjuncta </em>Neboiss (Dipseudopsidae) are recorded from the Northern Territory, the first adult specimens of this species found outside northeastern Queensland.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> DAVID I. CARTWRIGHT PETER DOSTINE Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 5138 3 283 304 10.11646/zootaxa.5138.3.4 <p><strong>Revision of Embolemidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) from the Middle East</strong></p> https://www.mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5138.3.5 <p>The family Embolemidae (Hymenoptera: Chrysidoidea) from the Middle East is taxonomically reviewed. Three species are reported, redescribed, and illustrated, <em>Ampulicomorpha thauma </em>Rasnitsyn &amp; Matveev from Iran, <em>Embolemus harteni </em>Olmi from Yemen, and <em>E. huberi </em>Olmi from Iran. The extremely rare genus <em>Ampulicomorpha</em> Ashmead is here recorded for the first time from the Middle East. <em>Embolemus harteni </em>is further recorded from two more governorates of Yemen. A species identification key of Embolemidae from the Middle East, distribution maps, details of the morphological characters, and extensive colour photographs of every species are also provided. A brief discussion on the species relationships and their relevant ecoregions based on the currently limited available information is offered.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> MOSTAFA GHAFOURI MOGHADDAM SHAHLA MOHEBBAN MASSIMO OLMI ZAHRA RAHMANI EHSAN RAKHSHANI DIANA CAROLINA ARIAS-PENNA ZUBAIR AHMAD Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 5138 3 305 323 10.11646/zootaxa.5138.3.5 <p><strong>Seven new mitochondrial genomes of phytophagous scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) and phylogenetic implications</strong></p> https://www.mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5138.3.6 <p>Among Scarabaeidae, the phytophagous scarab lineage including Melolonthinae, Cetoniinae, Dynastinae, and Rutelinae is considered important due to its members’ roles as agricultural pests or pollinators. In this study, the near-complete mitochondrial genomes of seven species from six genera in the phytophagous scarab lineage were newly sequenced: <em>Anomala russiventris</em> (Fairmaire, 1893); <em>Apogonia </em>cf.<em> basalis</em> (Moser, 1915); <em>Apogonia</em> <em>splendida</em> (Boheman, 1858);<em> Coenochilus striatus</em> (Westwood, 1874);<em> Trichogomphus mongol</em> (Arrow, 1908); <em>Sophrops subrugatus</em> (Moser, 1921) and <em>Tetraserica leishanica</em> (Liu, Bai, Yang &amp; Ahrens, 2014). The complete mitochondrial genomes from the 6 species include 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA genes (tRNAs), 2 ribosomal RNA genes (rRNAs), and 1 control region, which have a highly conserved gene arrangement, except for <em>Tr. mongol </em>with the rearrangement of 2 tRNA genes (<em>tRNA-Ile</em> and <em>tRNA-Gln</em>), which is a potential identified subfamily-level character of Dynastinae. In order to test whether the mitogenomic data are suited for high-level phylogenetic inferences, the substitution saturation and heterogeneity were analyzed. The results showed no sign that the phylogenetic inferences were biased by substitution saturation or the low heterogeneity of the sequence composition for most pairwise comparisons between the sequences for the entire dataset (13 PCGs) and the amino acids dataset (13 PCGs_AA). Based on the combined data of 13 PCGs and 13 PCGs_AA from the mitogenomes of 37 taxa, the phylogeny of the phytophagous lineage was explored using RAxML and Bayesian methods. The results confirmed that Cetoniinae, Rutelinae, and Dynastinae are monophyletic, and that the latter two are sister groups. Melolonthinae is a paraphyletic group, and its tribes, Diplotaxini, Euchirini, Melolonthini, Rhizotrogini, and Sericini, are a monophyletic group. The subfamily rank of Dynastinae and the tribe rank of Anomalini and Adoretini are supported.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> YUJIE LI RUI-E NIE YUANYUAN LU SEUNGHYUN LEE ZHENGYU ZHAO LING WU HONGYING SUN MING BAI Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 5138 3 324 338 10.11646/zootaxa.5138.3.6 <p><strong>First report of the genus <em>Thirumalaia</em> Zettel &amp; Laciny, 2021 (Hemiptera: Veliidae) in the Ryukyu Islands, Japan, with the description of a new species</strong></p> https://www.mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5138.3.7 <p>The genus <em>Thirumalaia </em>Zettel &amp; Laciny, 2021 (Veliidae: Microveliinae) was recently established with one Indian species. Here, a new species, <em>T. kaara </em><strong>sp. nov.</strong>, from Ishigaki-jima Island and Iriomote-jima Island, Ryukyu, Japan is described. Additionally, the distribution of the genus is updated and laboratory rearing information of the immature stages of <em>T. kaara</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong> are provided.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> RYOSUKE MATSUSHIMA Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 5138 3 339 346 10.11646/zootaxa.5138.3.7 <p><strong>Description of a new species of the genus <em>Tetrix</em> Latreille (Orthoptera: Tetrigoidea: Tetrigidae) from Zhejiang, China</strong></p> https://www.mapress.com/zt/article/view/zootaxa.5138.3.8 GUANG-ZENG GAO PENG-YUAN LIU ZHAN YIN Copyright (c) 2022 2022-05-18 2022-05-18 5138 3 347 350 10.11646/zootaxa.5138.3.8