Zootaxa 2021-10-26T12:06:26+13:00 Dr Zhi-Qiang Zhang Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Zootaxa</strong> is a mega-journal for zoological taxonomists in the world</p> <p><strong>A new hip-pocket frog from mid-eastern Australia (Anura: Myobatrachidae: <em>Assa</em>)</strong></p> 2021-10-26T12:06:26+13:00 MICHAEL J. MAHONY HARRY B. HINES STEPHEN V. MAHONY BEDE MOSES SARAH R. CATALANO STEVEN MYERS STEPHEN C. DONNELLAN <p>The hip-pocket frog (<em>Assa darlingtoni</em>), a small terrestrial myobatrachid frog found in mid-eastern Australia, has a highly derived, unusual, reproductive mode involving a unique form of male parental care. Males have subcutaneous pouches that open near the hip, and the developing tadpoles are carried in these pouches to post metamorphosis. It is found on several isolated mountain ranges in closed forest habitats, associated with high rainfall and temperate or sub-tropical climates. We established genetic relationships among specimens sampled across the range using phylogenetic analyses of thousands of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from the nuclear genome and mitochondrial <em>ND2</em> gene nucleotide sequences. These analyses uncovered two lineages that are genetically distinct in both nDNA and mtDNA analyses and that have low levels of divergence in male advertisement calls and are morphologically cryptic. Our data support separate species status for each lineage, based on the molecular genetic data. The first, which we name as a new species, <em>Assa wollumbin</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong>, is restricted to a single mountain, Wollumbin (= Mount Warning), the eroded cone of an ancient shield volcano—the Tweed Volcano. The second, the nominal species <em>A. darlingtoni</em>, has a wider distribution in five geographically disjunct subpopulations along 430 km of the Great Dividing Range in south-eastern Queensland and north-eastern New South Wales. The distributions of the two species closely approach within 15 km of each other on the central plug and rim of the caldera of the Tweed Volcano. <em>Assa wollumbin </em><strong>sp. nov.</strong> meets the conservation criteria for Critically Endangered [A3(e), B2(a,b)]. When all subpopulations of <em>A. darlingtoni</em> are combined the conservation assessment is Endangered [A3(e), B2(a,b)]. Because of the fragmented nature of the distribution of <em>A. darlingtoni</em>, combined with the genetic evidence of concordant sub-structuring, we also conducted a conservation assessment on the five subpopulations. Two were assessed as Critically Endangered (D’Aguilar Range and Conondale/Blackall Ranges), and the remainder as Endangered (Dorrigo Plateau, McPherson Ranges, and Gibraltar Ranges/Washpool).</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021 <p><strong>Identification key, checklist and new species of <em>Loneura</em> Navás (Psocodea: ‘Psocoptera’: Ptiloneuridae) from Brazil</strong></p> 2021-10-26T12:06:22+13:00 MARCELO CUTRIM ALBERTO MOREIRA DA SILVA NETO ALFONSO N. GARCÍA ALDRETE JOSÉ ALBERTINO RAFAEL <p>Four Brazilian species of <em>Loneura </em>are described and assigned to infrageneric groups: <em>L. digitiformis </em><strong>n. sp<em>.</em></strong>, <em>L. manauara </em><strong>n. sp<em>.</em></strong>, and <em>L. marinonii </em><strong>n. sp</strong><em>, </em>to <em>Loneura</em> group I, and <em>L. duckei</em> <strong>n. sp. </strong>to <em>Loneura</em> group II. This genus now comprises 45 species, of which 8 (18%) are from Brazil. Of these species, 19 are known only from males, 4 known only from females, 21 are known from both sexes, with one species of unknown sex. The infrageneric classification is based on the number of hypandrium sclerites, either one or three, and is based on the 40 species for which males are known, with 20 species in Group I and 20 species in Group II. An identification key to species from Brazil based on male characters is provided, together with a checklist.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021 <p><strong>Two new species of <em>Megophrys</em> Kuhl and Van Hasselt (Amphibia: Megophryidae) from Sumatra, Indonesia</strong></p> 2021-10-26T12:06:20+13:00 MISBAHUL MUNIR KANTO NISHIKAWA AMIR HAMIDY ERIC N. SMITH <p>We evaluated the taxonomic status of the genus <em>Megophrys</em> in Sumatra using molecular and morphological data. Mitochondrial phylogenetic inference and morphological data revealed two undescribed species, one in southern Sumatra—<em>M. selatanensis</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong> and one in northern Sumatra—<em>M. acehensis</em> <strong>sp. nov.</strong> We also detected a potential cryptic species within <em>M</em>.<em> parallela</em>, but refrain from describing this lineage here due to insufficient data<em>. </em>Genetic variation within Sumatran <em>Megophrys</em> is highly structured and will require additional geographic sampling to understand the interplay between geography and genetics in Sumatran <em>Megophrys</em>.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021 <p><strong>New long-horned caddisfly genus and species of Leptoceridae (Insecta: Trichoptera) from Brazil</strong></p> 2021-10-26T12:06:16+13:00 ANA LUCIA HENRIQUES-OLIVEIRA ANDRE LUÍS RAMOS SILVA JORGE LUIZ NESSIMIAN DANIELA MAEDA TAKIYA <p><em>Ibyacerina caparao</em> new genus, new species (Trichoptera: Leptoceridae) is described and illustrated from specimens collected at Serra do Caparaó, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The monotypic genus is characterized by tibial spur formula 0,2,2; preanal appendages originating from a single base with a median process; tergum X broad, heavily sclerotized, saddle-like, wider at apex, and upturned, bearing small stout setae; inferior appendages each 3-branched, setose; and phallic apparatus tubular, curved slightly ventrad, with pair of lateral processes. Phylogenetic Bayesian and maximum likelihood analyses based on concatenated cytochrome oxidase I (COI) and carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase (CAD) partial sequences (1,504 bp) including representatives of 38 leptocerid genera positioned <em>Ibyacerina </em><strong>gen. nov.</strong> with good support within Leptocerinae. However, due to low branch support of most relationships among genera within the clade of Leptocerinae, except Mystacidini, Setodini, and Leptocerini, its close affinities and tribal placement are still unknown.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021 <p><strong><em>Zetorchestes</em> <em>krisperi</em> sp. nov. (Acari: Oribatida: Zetorchestidae) from Vietnam, with juvenile morphology and identification key to known species of the genus</strong></p> 2021-10-26T12:06:13+13:00 VASILIY B. KOLESNIKOV VLADISLAV D. LEONOV <p>The description of a new species of oribatid mites (Oribatida) of the family Zetorchestidae<strong>—</strong><em>Zetorchestes krisperi</em><strong> sp. nov.—</strong>is proposed based on adult and tritonymph specimens collected from rainforest soil of Bi Dup-Nui Ba National Park (southern Vietnam). We also review the distinguishing characteristics for <em>Zetorchestes</em> species and present an identification key to <em>Zetorchestes</em> species of the world. Diagnostic features of <em>Zetorchestes</em> nymphs are discussed.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021 <p><strong><em>Neohydatothrips</em> from China, with one new species and one new record (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) </strong></p> 2021-10-26T12:06:10+13:00 QINGJING FENG JIAYANG WANG XIAOLI TONG <p><em>Neohydatothrips sophorae </em><strong>sp. n.</strong> is described from Western China. The new Sericothripinae species is characterized by the bicoloured body with the abdominal tergites bearing a posteromarginal craspedum. <em>N. reticulatus</em> (Kudo) is newly recorded in China. An updated key is provided to 18 species of <em>Neohydatothrips</em> from China.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021 <p><strong>A new genus and species of the subfamily Mirinae </strong><strong>(Hemiptera: Cimicomorpha: Miridae) from Eocene Baltic amber with a new generic combination for <em>Calocoris</em> <em>antennatus</em> Statz in Statz &amp; Wagner, 1950</strong></p> 2021-10-26T12:06:07+13:00 JUNGGON KIM FRÉDÉRIC CHÉROT SUNGHOON JUNG <p>A new fossil mirid, <em>Baltiomiris herczeki</em> <strong>gen.</strong> and <strong>sp. nov.</strong> is described from Eocene Baltic amber. Available morphological information is provided with photographs. Additionally, <em>Calocoris antennatus</em> Statz in Statz &amp; Wagner, 1950, a compression fossil, is transferred to the extant genus <em>Mermitelocerus</em> Reuter based on similarities of habitus, particularly of head structures.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021 <p><strong>The identity of twelve scincid generic names proposed by Cope in 1892 (Squamata: Scincidae)</strong></p> 2021-10-26T12:06:05+13:00 GLENN M. SHEA <p>The twelve generic names proposed by Cope in 1892, which were created without included species, are linked to existing taxa by recognition that Cope’s key is a simple modification of the previous skink generic key by Boulenger in 1887, splitting existing genera of Boulenger in accordance with the morphology of the species included in those genera. This insight allows for Cope’s generic names <em>Dicloniscus</em>, <em>Dimeropus</em>, <em>Haploscincus</em>, <em>Ollochirus</em>, <em>Oncopus</em>, <em>Podoclonium</em> and <em>Tridentulus</em> to be linked to single species in Boulenger’s treatment, and thus those species are identified as the types of those genera, resulting in synonymy of <em>Dicloniscus</em> with <em>Chalcides</em>, <em>Dimeropus</em> with <em>Larutia</em>, <em>Haploscincus</em> with <em>Lipinia</em>, <em>Podoclonium</em> with <em>Scelotes</em>, and <em>Ollochirus</em>, <em>Oncopus</em> and <em>Tridentulus</em> with <em>Lerista</em>. <em>Furcillus</em>, <em>Mesomycterus</em>, <em>Monophorus</em> and <em>Monophyaspis</em> are associated with multiple species in Boulenger’s classification, and type species are designated that minimize change to existing nomenclature but facilitate application of the names to otherwise unnamed lineages in case future divisions are considered warranted. <em>Furcillus</em> becomes a synonym of <em>Lerista</em>, <em>Mesomycterus</em> becomes a synonym of <em>Brachyseps</em>, <em>Monophorus</em> becomes a synonym of <em>Phoboscincus</em> and <em>Monophyaspis</em> becomes a synonym of <em>Trachylepis</em>. <em>Lepidothyrus</em>, for which a type species was previously identified, is a synonym of <em>Mochlus</em>. Reversal of precedence is invoked to avoid the need for use of the senior synonyms <em>Dimeropus</em> and <em>Monophorus</em> over the frequently used <em>Larutia</em> and <em>Phoboscincus</em>, however, <em>Mesomycterus</em> is a senior synonym of <em>Brachyseps</em>, and replaces that recently created name.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021 <p><strong>The tadpole of <em>Scinax</em> <em>tropicalia</em> Novaes-e-Fagundes et al. 2021 (Hylidae, Scinaxini)</strong></p> 2021-10-26T12:06:01+13:00 PEDRO MARINHO GABRIEL NOVAES-E-FAGUNDES VICTOR G. D. ORRICO KATYUSCIA ARAUJO-VIEIRA 2021-10-26T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021 <p><strong>First record of the genus <em>Phoxoserphus</em> Lin, 1988 (Hymenoptera: Proctotrupidae) from Japan</strong></p> 2021-10-26T12:05:58+13:00 JUNTA ABE VICTOR KOLYADA 2021-10-26T00:00:00+13:00 Copyright (c) 2021