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Published: 2022-09-22

Tulipa toktogulica (Liliaceae), a cryptic, endangered new species from the western Tien-Shan, Kyrgyzstan

Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Institute of Biology, National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic
Institute of Chemistry and Phytotechnology, National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic
Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Central Asian flora Tulipa sect. Kolpakowskianae Tulipa subgenus Tulipa Tulipa talassica tulips Monocots


Tulipa toktogulica (T. sect. Kolpakowskianae; Liliaceae) is a cryptic new species from the Toktogul area of the Jalal-Abad Region, Kyrgyzstan. It is similar to T. talassica, with which it shares the characteristically elongated tunic, but it is genetically and geographically distinct. It has a combination of morphological traits shared between the closely related species T. talassica, T. tetraphylla and T. ferganica, but the combination of its traits is unique. Unlike most other members of the genus, this new species has a scent. It is here also assessed as endangered due to its narrow range and continuing threats from overgrazing.


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