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Article
Published: 2022-01-18

Orobanche australis Moris ex Bertol. the correct name for O. thapsoides Lojac. (Orobanchaceae)

Department of Agricultural, Food and Forest Sciences, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, bldg. 5, 90128 Palermo, Italy
Gartenstrasse 19, 56357 Welterod, Germany
Department of Agricultural, Food and Forest Sciences, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, bldg. 5, 90128 Palermo, Italy
broomrape Mediterranean flora nomenclature taxonomy typification Eudicots

Abstract

The taxonomic relationships between Orobanche australis and O. thapsoides are analyzed through the study of the original material. These species are also compared with other morphologically similar ones occurring in the Mediterranean (O. canescens, O. pubescens, O. palaestina, O. amethystea). The lectotype of O. palaestina is designated. From the comparison of these taxa it is evident that O. australis and O. thapsoides refer to the same taxon, to which the name O. australis must be given by priority. The distribution of this species includes Sardinia, Sicily, Peninsular Italy and Southern France. It grows on pastures from the sea level to about 1000 m of altitude, host of Asteraceae. An identification key between the species considered and a distribution map is provided.

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