Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2021-11-11

Dichoropetalum viarium (Apiaceae), a new species from Lorestan Province, Western Iran

Department of Higher Plants, Faculty of Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 1–12 Leninskie Gory, 119234, Moscow, Russia
Center of Excellence in Phylogeny, Department of Plant Science, School of Biology, College of Science, University of Tehran, P.O. Box 14155-6455, Tehran, Iran
Department of Evolutionary Biochemistry, Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 1–40 Leninskie Gory, 119234, Moscow, Russia
Botanical Garden, Faculty of Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 1–12 Leninskie Gory, 119234, Moscow, Russia
Zagros Iran nrITS plant diversity plant taxonomy Umbelliferae Eudicots

Abstract

A new species, Dichoropetalum viarium (Apiaceae), is described from the Lorestan Province, Western Iran. The new species differs from D. paucijugum, D. aromaticum, and D. chryseum in the height, shape, diameter, and branching of the stem, shape of the terminal leaf lobes, shape of the bracteoles, shape and size of the mericarps, and shape of the stylopodium. In addition, D. viarium is recognized as a separate species by molecular analysis of nrITS.

References

  1. Ajani, Y., Ajani, A., Cordes, J.M., Watson, M.F. & Downie, S.R. (2008) Phylogenetic analysis of nrDNA ITS sequences reveals relationships within five groups of Iranian Apiaceae subfamily Apioideae. Taxon 57 (2): 383‒401.

  2. Ali, R.H., Bark, M., Miró, J. Muhammad, S.A., Sjöstrand, J., Zubair, S.M., Abbas, R.M. & Arvestad, L. (2017) VMCMC: a graphical and statistical analysis tool for Markov chain Monte Carlo traces. BMC Bioinformatics 18: 1‒8.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12859-017-1505-3

  3. Banasiak, Ł., Piwczyński, M., Uliński, T., Downie, S.R., Watson, M.F., Shakya, B. & Spalik, K. (2013) Dispersal patterns in space and time: a case study of Apiaceae subfamily Apioideae. Journal of Biogeography 40 (7): 1324‒1335.  https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12071

  4. Bilgili, B.,  Sağiroğlu, M., Şeker, M. & Duman, H. (2016) Dichoropetalum alanyensis (Apiaceae), a new species from South Anatolia, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany 40 (2): 201‒208.  https://doi.org/10.3906/bot-1410-45

  5. Boissier, P.E. (1844) Plantae Aucherianae. Annales des Sciences Naturelles. Botanique Ser. 3, 1: 297–349.

  6. Boissier, E. (1846) Diagnoses Plantarum Orientalium Novarum, Ser. 1, No. 7. Genevae, Lipsiae & Parisiis, 130 pp.

  7. Boissier, P.E. & Heldreich, T.H.H. von (1849) Diagnoses Plantarum Orientalium novarum. series 1, Lipsiae [Leipzig], 116 pp.

  8. Candolle, A.P. de (1829) Collection de Mémoires pour Servir a l’Histoire de Regne Vegetal, vol. 5. Chez Treuttel et Würtz, Paris, 84 pp.

  9. Candolle, A.P. de (1830) Prodromus systematis naturalis regni vegetabilis, vol. 4. Treuttel & Würtz, Paris, 683 pp.

  10. Edgar, R.C. (2004) MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput. Nucleic Acids Research 32 (5): 1792–1797.  https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkh340

  11. Ericson, P., Svennblad, B., Britton, T. & Oxelman, B. (2003) Reliability of Bayesian posterior probabilities and bootstrap frequencies in phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 52: 665–673. https://doi.org/10.1080/10635150390235485

  12. Felsenstein, J. (1985) Confidence limits on phylogenetics: an approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 39: 783–791.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1558-5646.1985.tb00420.x

  13. Fenzl, E. (1842) Pugillus plantarum novarum Syriæ et Tauri occidentalis primus. Vindobonae, Apud Fridericum Beck, Universitatis Bibliopolam, 20 pp.

  14. Hall, T.A. (1999) BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symposium Series 41: 95–98.

  15. Hand, R. (2011) The Euro+Med treatment of Apiaceae [Notulae ad floram euro-mediterraneam pertinentes 28]. Willdenowia 41: 245–250.  https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.41.41205

  16. Hilliard, O.M. & Burtt, B.L. (1985) Conium (Umbelliferae) in southern Africa. South African Journal of Botany 51 (6): 465‒474.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0254-6299(16)31629-5

  17. Kljuykov, E.V., Liu, M., Ostroumova, T.A., Pimenov, M.G., Tilney, P.M. & van Wyk, B.-E. (2004) Towards a standardized terminology for taxonomically important morphological characters in the Umbelliferae. South African Journal of Botany 70 (3): 488–496.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0254-6299(15)30233-7

  18. Kljuykov, E.V., Ostroumova, T.A., Conti, F. & Tilney, P.M. (2015) Dichoropetalum schottii: examination of the type specimen, distribution and comparison with D. carvifolium-chabraei (Apiaceae). Natural History Sciences 2 (2): 131–136.  https://doi.org/10.4081/nhs.2015.255

  19. Kljuykov, E., Terentieva, E., Ukrainskaja, U. & Lyskov, D. (2019) Notes on the genus Zeravschania (Apiaceae) with description of two new species from Afghanistan and Iran. Phytotaxa 425 (3): 137–144.  https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.425.3.3

  20. Linnaeus, C.V. (1753) Species Plantarum, 1. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae, 560 pp.

  21. Meyer, C.A. von (1831) Verzeichniss der Pflanzen, welche wahrend der in den jahren 1829 und 1830 Unternommenen reise im Caucasus und in den provinzen am westlichen ufer des Caspischen Meeres gefunden und eingesammelt worden sind. St. Petersbourg. Kaiserliche Academie der Wissenschaften, St. Petersburg, 241 pp.

  22. Özbek, M.U., Arslan, M. & Özbek, F. (2016) Dichoropetalum vuralii (Apiaceae), a new species from Yenişarbademli (Isparta, south-western Turkey). Phytotaxa, 278 (2): 153‒162.  https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.278.2.5

  23. Page, R.D.M. (1996) TREEVIEW: An application to display phylogenetic trees on personal computers. Computer applications in the biosciences 12: 357–358.  https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/12.4.357

  24. Pimenov, M.G. (1987) Johreniopsis. In Rechinger, K.H. (Ed.) Flora Iranica, 162. Akademische Druck-u. Verlagsanstalt, Wien, pp. 454‒457.

  25. Pimenov, M.G., Kljuykov, E.V. & Ostroumova, T.A. (2007) Critical taxonomic analysis of Dichoropetalum, Johrenia, Zeravschania and related genera of Umbelliferae-Apioideae-Peucedaneae. Willdenowia 37 (2): 465‒502.  https://doi.org/10.3372/wi.37.37208

  26. Pimenov, M.G. & Kljuykov, E.V. (2011) Two new species and a new combination in Turkish Dichoropetalum (Apiaceae). Annales Botanici Fennici 48: 337‒342.  https://doi.org/10.5735/085.048.0405

  27. Rechinger, K.H. (1987) Johrenia. In: Rechinger, K.H. (Ed.) Flora Iranica, 162. Akademische Druck-u. Verlagsanstalt, Wien, pp. 374‒379.

  28. Swofford, D.L. (2003) PAUP* Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (* and other methods), version 4. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, 142 pp.

  29. Thiers, B. (2018) Index Herbariorum: a global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium. Available at: http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih (accessed 20 July 2021)

  30. Valiejo-Roman, C.M., Terentieva, E.I., Samigullin, T.H. & Pimenov, M.G. (2002) Relationships among genera in Saniculoideae and selected Apioideae (Umbelliferae) inferred from nrITS sequences. Taxon 51: 91–101.  https://doi.org/10.2307/1554966

  31. Valiejo-Roman, C.M., Terentieva, E.I., Samigullin, T.H., Pimenov, M.G., Ghahremani-Nejad, F. & Mozaffarian, V. (2006) Molecular data (nrITS-sequencing) reveal relationships among Iranian endemic taxa of the Umbelliferae. Feddes Repertorium: Zeitschrift für botanische Taxomonie und Geobotanik 117 (5–6): 367‒388.  https://doi.org/10.1002/fedr.200611106