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Article
Published: 2018-05-15

Goniolimon africanum (Plumbaginaceae), a new endemic species from North Africa

Natural History Museum, Njegoševa 51, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agricultural Botany, Svetošimunska 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia Centre of Excellence for Biodiversity and Molecular Plant Breeding, Svetošimunska 25, 100000 Zagreb, Croatia
Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche, Geologiche e Ambientali, Università degli Studi di Catania, via A. Longo 19, 95125 Catania, Italy
Natural History Museum, Njegoševa 51, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
Institute of Botany and Botanical Garden “Jevremovac”, Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Takovska 43, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
Algeria Goniolimon herbaria Mediterranean flora morphology taxonomy Tunisia Eudicots

Abstract

A new species, Goniolimon africanum is described and illustrated from Algeria and Tunisia (North Africa). This study, based on investigations of herbarium specimens and data from literature, highlights the fact that this species was collected for the first time by Ernest Cosson and provisionally named ‘Goniolimon luteolusnom. nud., while it was later attributed to G. tataricum. A detailed morphological study, carried out on some related European species of Goniolimon, has emphasized that African populations are taxonomically well differentiated from European ones. Its distribution, ecology and relationships are also examined. A table comparing the new species with the closest allied European species of Goniolimon is provided.