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Article
Published: 2016-07-29

Cystoderma carpaticum (Basidiomycota, Agaricales), a rare fungus newly recorded from Croatia

Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Ravila St. 14A, 50411 Tartu, Estonia.
Ruđer Bošković Institute, Bijenička cesta 54, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia.
Ruđer Bošković Institute, Bijenička cesta 54, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia.
University of Innsbruck, Technikerstr. 25, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.
Ruđer Bošković Institute, Bijenička cesta 54, HR-10000 Zagreb, Croatia.
distribution Echinoderma carpaticum holotype barcoding Lepiota carpatica Fungi

Abstract

Cystoderma carpaticum was collected and originally described from the Carpathians in Poland. Later, it was recombined in the genera Lepiota and Echinoderma. Two recent collections from Croatia allowed for reliable phylogenetic and morphological comparative analyses of this rare fungus, including the holotype specimen. Our results confirmed that this taxon is a distinct species, and a member of the genus Cystoderma, not Lepiota nor Echinoderma (= Lepiota sect. Echinatae). C. carpaticum is re-described in detail, and data on its ecology and distribution are newly presented. Additional two studied collections of C. carpaticum (Austria, Czech Republic) were misidentified and they belong to C. subvinaceum. Synonymization of C. carpaticum with Leucopholiota decorosa is rejected.