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Article
Published: 2014-08-20

Neotypification and phylogeny of Kalmusia 

Institute of Microbiology, P.O. Box 61, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, PR China
Institute of Microbiology, P.O. Box 61, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, PR China
Institute of Microbiology, P.O. Box 61, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, PR China
Las Muros, Rimont, Ariège F 09420, France
CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Uppsalalaan 8, 3584 CT Utrecht, The Netherlands
Plant Protection Unit, Juancheng County, Heze, Shandong, PR China, 274600
International Fungal Research & Development Centre, The Research Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming, Yunnan, PR China 650034
Institute of Excellence in Fungal Research, and School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Tasud, Muang, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand
Institute of Excellence in Fungal Research, and School of Science, Mae Fah Luang University, Tasud, Muang, Chiang Rai 57100, Thailand
Montagnulaceae polyphylogeny taxonomy type

Abstract

Kalmusia ebuli, the type species of Kalmusia, lacks type material and therefore its phylogenetic position remains unresolved. As a consequence the familial position of Kalmusia is based on morphology and molecular phylogeny of species other than the type. A fresh collection of K. ebuli, recently obtained from decorticated wood of Populus tremula in the foothills of the French Pyrenees is, therefore, designated as neotype to stabilize the application of the species and/or genus name. The holotype of K. ebuli f. sarothamni represents a synonym of K. ebuli. The genus Kalmusia is shown to be polyphyletic within the family Montagnulaceae, with K. ebuli being distant from K. brevispora and K. scabrispora, which appear to represent a different genus.