Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Article
Published: 2020-12-31

Nawaran Esquerré, Donnellan, Brennan, Lemmon, Lemmon, Zaher, Grazziotin & Keogh, 2020 is an invalid junior synonym of Nyctophilopython Wells & Wellington, 1985 (Squamata, Pythonidae): simple priority without Zoobank pre-registration

Department of Biology, Victor Valley College, 18422 Bear Valley Road, Victorville, California 92395, USA; and Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig, Adenauerallee 160, 53113 Bonn, Germany
Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, Divisão de Vertebrados (Herpetologia), Avenida Nazaré, 481, Ipiranga, 04263–000, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; and Chelonian Research Institute, 401 South Central Avenue, Oviedo, Florida, 32765, USA
Sydney School of Veterinary Science, B01, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia and Australian Museum Research Institute, 1 William St., Sydney, NSW 2010, Australia
Code pre-publication nomenclatural availability Zoobank synonymy

Abstract

In their careful analysis of python phylogeny and evolution, Esquerré et al. (2020) proposed the new genus-series nomen Nawaran for the Oenpelli python, Simalia oenpelliensis (Gow, 1977). However, Nawaran is a junior synonym of Nyctophilopython Wells & Wellington, 1985, a name that was validly, though controversially, published in compliance with the Code. Furthermore, while the nomen Nawaran initially appeared in an “early view” of the article on or about 21 May 2020, it was not registered on Zoobank until 23 September 2020 and did not become available for the purposes of zoological nomenclature until 30 November 2020, the date of the printed publication according to Article 21.3 of the Code. Complications for nomenclature resulting from “pre-publications” and lapses with Zoobank registration are not uncommon, and we urge taxonomists considering the erection of new nomina to give careful attention to the nomenclatural rules of the Code.

References

  1. Anonymous [Australian Society of Herpetologists] (1987) Case 2531. Three works by Richard W. Wells and C. Ross Wellington: proposed suppression for nomenclatural purposes. Bulletin of zoological Nomenclature, 44 (2): 116–121. <https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.287>.

    Anonymous [International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature] (1988) Opinion 1514. Liasis Gray, 1842 (Reptilia, Serpentes): Liasis mackloti Duméril & Bibron, 1844 designated as type species. Bulletin of zoological Nomenclature, 45: 244.

    Anonymous [International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature] (1991) Decision of the Commission. Three works by Richard W. Wells and C. Ross Wellington: proposed suppression for nomenclatural purposes. Bulletin of zoological Nomenclature, 48 (4): 337–338.

    Anonymous [International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature] (1999) International code of zoological nomenclature. ‘Fourth edition’. London (International Trust for zoological Nomenclature): i–xxix + 1–306. <https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.50608>.

    Anonymous [International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature] (2012a) Amendment of Articles 8, 9, 10, 21 and 78 of the International Code of Zoological nomenclature to expand and refine methods of publication. Zootaxa, 3450: 1–7. <https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3450.1.1>.

    Anonymous [International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature] (2012b) Amendment of Articles 8, 9, 10, 21 and 78 of the International Code of Zoological nomenclature to expand and refine methods of publication. Zookeys, 219: 1–10. <https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.219.3944>.

    Anonymous [International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature] (2012c) Amendment of Articles 8, 9, 10, 21 and 78 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature to expand and refine methods of publication. Bulletin of zoological Nomenclature, 69 (3): 161–169. <https://doi.org/10.21805/bzn.v69i3.a8.161>.

    Anonymous [Australian Society of Herpetologists] (2016) Position statement #2. Taxonomy. <http://www.australiansocietyofherpetologists.org/position-statements>. [Accessed on 3 September 2020].

    Barker, D. G., Barker, T. M., Davis, M. A. & Schuett, G. W. (2015) A review of the systematics and taxonomy of the Pythonidae: an ancient serpent lineage. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 175: 1–19. <https://doi.org/10.1111/zoj.12267>.

    Bouchet, P., Bour, R., Dubois, A., Goujet, D., Hugot, J.-P., Pierre, J. & Tillier, S. (1990) Further comment on the proposed suppression for nomenclature of three works by R. W. Wells and C. R. Wellington. Bulletin of zoological Nomenclature, 47: 139–140. <https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.2683>.

    Boulenger, G. A. (1893) Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.). Volume I. Containing the families Typhlopidæ, Glauconiidæ, Boidæ, Ilysiidæ, Uropeltidæ, Xenopeltidæ, and Colubridæ Aglyphæ, part. London (Taylor & Francis): 1‒448. <https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.54273>.

    Brongersma, L. D. (1953) Notes on New Guinean reptiles and amphibians. II. Proceedings Koninklijke Nederlandsche Akademie van Wetenschappen, (C), 59: 290–300.

    Daudin, F. M. (1803) Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière des reptiles; ouvrage faisant suite aux oeuvres de Leclerc de Buffon, et partie du cours complet d’histoire naturelle rédigé par C. S. Sonnini, member de plusieurs sociétés savantes. Tome Cinquième. Paris (F. Dufart): 1–365. <https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.70894>.

    Dubois, A. (2017) Diagnoses in zoological taxonomy and nomenclature. Bionomina, 12: 63–85. <https://doi.org/10.11646/bionomina.12.1.8>.

    Dubois, A. (2020) The status regarding publication date and availability of taxonomic works published online without proper Zoobank preregistration. Bionomina, 18: 44–55. <https://doi.org/10.11646/bionomina.18.1.2>.

    Dubois, A. & Bour, R. (2012) Hyper-validation of five nomina of amphibians and reptiles threatened by senior synonyms or homonyms. Zootaxa, 3221: 37–47. <https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3221.1.3>.

    Dubois, A., Bour, R., Brygoo, E.-R., Lescure, J., Bouchet, P. & Tillier, S. (1988) Comment on the proposed suppression for nomenclature of three works by R. W. Wells and C. R. Wellington. Bulletin of zoological Nomenclature, 45: 146–149.

    Dubois, A., Crochet, P.-A., Dickinson, E. C., Nemésio, A., Aescht, E., Bauer, A. M., Blagoderov, V., Bour, R., de Carvalho, M. R., Desutter-Grandcolas, L., Frétey, T., Jäger, P., Koyamba, V., Lavilla, E. O., Löbl, I., Louchart, A., Malécot, V., Schatz, H. & Ohler, A. (2013) Nomenclatural and taxonomic problems related to the electronic publication of new nomina and nomenclatural acts in zoology, with brief comments on optical discs and on the situation in botany. Zootaxa, 3735 (1): 1–94. <https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3735.1.1>.

    Dubois, A., Frétey, T. & Ohler, A. (2018) The Relictus case: it is high time that taxonomists follow the Code’s requirements for nomenclatural availability and validity of new zoological nomina. Bionomina, 13: 51–64. <https://doi.org/10.11646/bionomina.13.1.4>.

    Duméril, A.-M.-C. & Bibron, G. (1844) Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome Sixième, comprenant l’histoire génerale des ophidiens, la description des genres et des espèces de serpents non venimeux, savoir: la totalité des vermiformes ou des scolécophides, et partie des cicuriformes ou azémiophides; en tout vingt-cinq genres et soixante-cinq espèces. Paris (Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret): i–xi + 1–610. <https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.45973>.

    Esquerré, D., Donnellan, S., Brennan, I. G., Lemmon, A. R., Lemmon, E. M., Zaher, H., Grazziotin, F. G. & Keogh, J. S. (2020) Phylogenomics, biogeography, and morphometrics reveal rapid phenotypic evolution in pythons after crossing Wallace’s Line. Systematic Biology, 69: 1039–1051. <https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syaa024>.

    Estermann, M., Wittmann, R. & Kleiss, M. (1987) Miszellen. In: Historische Kommission des Börsenvereins des Deutschen Buchhandels, Archiv für Geschichte des Buchwesens, Frankfurt am Main (Buchhändler-Vereinigung GmbH), 29: 316–322.

    Gans, C. (1985) Comments on two checklists. Herpetological Review, 16: 6–7.

    Garsault, F. A. P. de (1764) Les figures des plantes et animaux d’usage en médecine, décrits dans la Matière Médicale de Mr. Geoffroy Médecin. Paris, Garsault: i–v + 1–20, pl. 644–729. <https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.49481>.

    Gow, G. F. (1977) A new species of python from Arnhem Land. Australian Zoologist, 19: 133–139.

    Gray, J. E. (1842) Synopsis of the species of prehensile-tailed snakes, or family Boidae. In: J. E. Gray, Zoological miscellany, London (Treuttel, Wurtz and Co.; G.B. Sowerby; W. Wood): 41–51.

    Gray, J. E. (1849) Catalogue of the specimens of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. London (Trustees of the British Museum [Natural History]): 1–125. <https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.14873>.

    Grigg, G. & Shine, R. (1985) An open letter to all herpetologists. Herpetological Review, 16: 96–97.

    Harvey, M. B., Barker, D. G., Ammerman, L. K. & Chippendale, P. T. (2000) Systematics of pythons of the Morelia amethistina complex (Serpentes: Boidae) with the description of three new species. Herpetological Monographs, 14: 139–185. <https://doi.org/10.2307/1467047>.

    Kaiser, H., Crother, B. I., Kelly, C. M. R., Luiselli, L., O’Shea, M., Ota, H., Passos, P., Schleip, W. D. & Wüster, W. (2013) Best practices: in the 21st century, taxonomic decisions in herpetology are acceptable only when supported by a body of evidence and published via peer-review. Herpetological Review, 44: 8–23.

    Kluge, A. G. (1993) Aspidites and the phylogeny of pythonine snakes. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement 19: 1–77. <https://doi.org/10.3853/j.0812-7387.19.1993.52>.

    Lacépède, B. G. E. L. (1804) Mémoire sur plusieurs animaux de la Nouvelle-Hollande dont la description n’a pas encore été publiée. Annales du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, 4: 184–211.

    Laurenti, J. N. (1768) Specimen medicum, exhibens synopsin Reptilium emendatam cum experimentis circa venena et antidota reptilium austriacorum. Viennae (Joan. Thom. Nob. de Trattnern): i–ii + 1–215, pl. 1–5. <https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.5108>.

    McDowell, S. B. (1975) A catalogue of the snakes of New Guinea and the Solomons, with special reference to those in the Bernice P. Bishop Museum. Part II. Anilioidea and Pythoninae. Journal of Herpetology, 9: 1–79. <https://doi.org/10.2307/1562691>.

    Monteith, G. B. (1985) Terrorist tactics in taxonomy. Australian entomological Society News Bulletin, 21: 66–69.

    Peters, W. (1876) Über die von S. M. S. Gazelle mitgebrachten Amphibien. Monatsberichte der königlich preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 1876: 528–535 + plate.

    Pyron, R. A., Burbrink, F. T. & Wiens, J. J. (2013) A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes. BMC evolutionary Biology, 13 (93). <https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-13-93>.

    Rawlings, L. H., Rabosky, D. L., Donnellan, S. C. & Hutchinson, M. N. (2008) Python phylogenetics: inference from morphology and mitochondrial DNA. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 93: 603–619. <https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1095-8312.2007.00904.x>.

    Reynolds, R. G., Niemiller, M. L. & Revell, L. J. (2014) Toward a tree-of-life for the boas and pythons: multilocus species-level phylogeny with unprecedented taxon sampling. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 71: 201–213. <http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2013.11.011>.

    Schlegel, H. (1872) De Dierentuin van het Koninklijk Zoölogisch Genootschap Natura Artis Magistra te Amsterdam zoölogisch geschetst door Prof. H. Schlegel, Directeur van het Riijks Museum van Natuurlijke Historie te Leiden met historische Herinneringen van P. H. Witkamp. [4] De Kruipende Dieren[1]. Amsterdam (Gebr. van Es[2]): 1‒64. <https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.38688>.

    Schleip, W. D. & O’Shea, M. (2010) Annotated checklist of the recent and extinct pythons (Serpentes, Pythonidae), with notes on nomenclature, taxonomy, and distribution. Zookeys, 66: 29–79. <doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.66.683>.

    Schneider, J. G. (1801) Historiae amphibiorum naturalis et literariae. Fasciculus Secondus, continens crocodilos, scincos, chamaesauras, boas, pseudoboas, elapes, angues, amphisbaenas et caecilias. Jena (Fried. Frommann): i–vi + 1–364. <https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.78757>.

    Sirvid, P. J. (2016) On the obligations of authors to correctly register works in ZooBank in advance of online publication of taxonomic works. New Zealand Entomologist, 39: 2, 63. <https://doi.org/10.1080/00779962.2016.1268752>.

    Stimson, A. F. & McDowell, S. B. (1986) Liasis Gray, 1842 (Reptilia: Serpentes): proposed designation of Liasis mackloti Duméril & Bibron, 1844 as type species. Bulletin of zoological Nomenclature, 43: 330–334. <https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.part.460>.

    Thulborn, T. (1986) Taxonomic tangles from Australia. Nature, 321: 13–14. <https://doi.org/10.1038/321013a0>.

    Tyler, M. J. (1985) Nomenclature of the Australian herpetofauna: anarchy rules O.K. Herpetological Review, 16: 69.

    Wells, R. W. & Wellington, C. R. (1984) A synopsis of the class Reptilia in Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology, 1: 73–129.

    Wells, R. W. & Wellington, C. R. (1985) A classification of the Amphibia and Reptilia of Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology, (Supplemental Series), 1: 1–61.


    [1] The volume in which this distinct section on “creeping animals” was published is entitled De Diergaarden van vroegeren en lateren Tijd inzonderheid de Diergaarde van het Koninklijk Zoölogisch Genootschap Natura Artis Magistra te Amsterdam [The Zoos of the past and today, especially the Zoo of the Royal Zoological Society Natura Artis Magistra of Amsterdam] with a title page identifying P.H. Witkamp as author. A general section outlining the history of zoos (pages I–XXVIII) is followed by a 292-page section on birds (De Vogels), a 174-page section on mammals (De Zoogdieren), and a 64-page section on amphibians and reptiles (De Kruipende Dieren). Each of the three animal sections is individually numbered beginning with page 1. At the end, after three index pages and three empty pages, there is a second title page, which shows that the animal sections were written by Schlegel, and only the historical introduction (the pages numbered with Roman numerals) by Witkamp. We therefore assign to the section relevant here the number 4.

    [2] In 1857, Gebroeders van Es was the first Dutch printer to install a steam engine on their premises to generate power for their printing operation (Estermann et al. 1987).