New localities of Bryocrumia vivicolor (Broth. & Dixon) W.R.Buck, a monotypic species, is first reported from Japan and Taiwan. Some old specimens of B. vivicolor were discovered at the herbarium of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory (NICH). These old specimens were from 4 regions in Japan, which are Oita, Miyazaki, Wakayama and Hyogo Prefecture, and 2 regions in Taiwan , which are Mt. Anma-shan and Mt. Li.