Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

First records of the family Xylococcidae (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha) in China, with description of a new species

SAN’AN WU, SHAOBIN HUANG, QINGANG DONG

Abstract


A new species, Xylococcus castanopsis Wu & Huang sp. nov. is described and illustrated based on the adult female, preadult female and first-instar nymph. It was collected at Tianluhu Forest Park, Guangzhou city, Guangdong Province, China, under the bark of Castanopsis fissa Franch. (Fagaceae). It differs from X. filiferus Löw, 1882 in possessing multilocular pores each with 1 or 2 inner loculi, and in lacking tiny sensory pores near the base of the antenna; and from X. japonicus Oguma, 1926 in lacking legs and in possessing an unsclerotised anal tube in the adult female.

 


Keywords


Hemiptera, Xylococccus, Fagaceae, Castanopsis fissa, Guangzhou

Full Text:

PDF (2MB)

References


Ben-Dov, Y. (2005) A Systematic Catalogue of the Scale Insect Family Margarodidae (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) of the World. Intercept Ltd, Wimborne, Dorset, 400 pp.

Ben-Dov, Y. (2011) An updated checklist of the scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) of the Margarodidae sensu lato group. Zootaxa, 2859, 1–62.

Borchsenius, N.S. (1950) Mealybugs and Scale Insects of USSR (Coccoidea). Vol. 32. Akademii Nauk SSSR, Zoological Institute, Moscow, 250 pp.

Danzig, E.M. (1980a) Coccids of the Far Eastern USSR (Homoptera, Coccinea). Phylogenetic Analysis of Coccids in the World Fauna. Nauka, Leningrad, 367 pp.

Danzig, E.M. (1980b) The nomenclature and synonymy of several species of scale insects and white flies (Homoptera: Coccinea, Aleyrodinea). Entomologicheskoe Obozrenye, 59, 594–595.

Foldi, I. (1997) Les Xylococcinae (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Margarodidae): caractéristique des espèces et description d’un nouveau genre. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, New Series, 33, 185–195.

Foldi, I. (2005) Ground pearls: a generic revision of the Margarodidae sensu stricto. (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, New Series, 41, 81–125.

García Morales, M.G., Denno, B.D., Miller, D.R., Miller, G.L., Ben-Dov, Y. & Hardy, N.B. (2017) ScaleNet: a literature-based model of scale insect biology and systematics. Database. Available from: http://scalenet.info (accessed 31 March 2017)

Hodgson, C. & Foldi, I. (2006) A review of the Margarodidae sensu Morrison (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) and some related taxa based on the morphology of adult males. Zootaxa, 1263, 1–250.

Hodgson, C.J. & Hardy, N.B. (2013) The phylogeny of the superfamily Coccoidea (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha) based on the morphology of extant and extinct macropterous males. Systematic Entomology, 38, 794–804.
https://doi.org/10.1111/syen.12030

Huang, C.J., Zhang, Y.T. & Bartholomew, B. (1999). Fagaceae. Flora of China, 4, 314–400.

Hubbard, H.G. & Pergande, T. (1898) A new coccid on birch. United States Department of Agriculture, Division of Entomology, Bulletin, 18, 13–26.

Kosztarab, M. & Kozár, F. (1988) Scale Insects of Central Europe. Junk, Dordrecht, 456 pp.

Koteja, J. (1974a) On the phylogeny and classification of the scale insects (Homoptera, Coccinea) (discussion based on the morphology of the mouthparts). Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia, 19, 267–325.

Koteja, J. (1974b) The occurrence of a campaniform sensillum on the tarsus in the Coccinea (Homoptera). Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne, 44. 243–252.

Koteja, J. (2008) Xylococcidae and related groups (Hemiptera: Coccinea) from Baltic amber. Prace Muzeum Ziemi, 49, 19–56.

Löw, F. (1882) Eine neue Cocciden-art (Xylococcus filiferus). Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellshaft in Wien, 32, 271–278.

Morrison, H. (1927) Descriptions of new genera and species belonging to the coccid family Margarodidae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 40, 99–109.

Morrison, H. (1928) A classification of the higher groups and genera of the coccid family Margarodidae. United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin, 52, 62–67.

Oguma, K. (1919) A new scale-insect, Xylococcus alni, on alder, with special reference to its metamorphosis and anatomy. Journal of the Hokkaido Imperial University College of Agriculture, 8, 77–109.

Oguma, K. (1926) On the nomenclature of the alder scale. Insecta Matsumurana, 1, 101–102.

Tang, F.D. & Hao, J.J. (1995) The Margarodidae and others of China (Homoptera: Coccoidea of Insecta). Chinese Agricultural Science Technology Press, Beijing, 738 pp.

Williams, D.J. & Hodgson, C.J. (2014) The case for using the infraorder Coccomorpha above the superfamily Coccoidea for the scale insects (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha). Zootaxa, 3869 (3), 348–350.
https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3869.3.9

Wu, S.A. & Nan, N. (2012) Neogreenia lonicera sp. nov., a new species of Margarodidae sensu lato (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) from China, with a key to species of Neogreenia MacGillivray and placement of the genus in the family Kuwaniidae. Zootaxa, 3274, 43–54.

Zahradnik, J. (1959) Cervci—Coccinea. [Scale insects—Coccinea]. Bestimmungstabellen der Tschechoslowakischen Fauna, 3, 527–552.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4312.3.8

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand