Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Description of the pupa and redescription of the third instar of Phileurus valgus (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae: Phileurini)

MARIO G. IBARRA-POLESEL, NESTOR G. VALLE, JHON C. NEITA-MORENO, MIRYAM P. DAMBORSKY

Abstract


Phileurus valgus (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae: Phileurini) is a common species widely distributed from the southern United States to Argentina and the West Indies. In this work the immature stages are described and illustrated based on specimens from Argentina. A key to the known third-stage larvae of New World Phileurini species is provided and updated. Notes on the life cycle and natural history are also included.

 


Keywords


Coleoptera, scarab beetle, morphology, immature stages, Argentina

Full Text:

PDF (2MB)

References


Albertoni, F.F., Krell, F.T., Steiner, J. & Zillikens, A. (2014) Life history and description of larva and pupa of Platyphileurus felscheanus Ohaus, 1910, a scarabaeid feeding on bromeliad tissues in Brazil, to be excluded from Phileurini (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Dynastinae). ZooKeys, 389, 49–76.
https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.389.6888

Alves-Oliveira, J.R., Mello Mendes, D.M., Campos, D., Silva-Neto, A.M., Morais, J.W. & Grossi, P.C. (2016) First report of two species of scarab beetles (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae) inside nests of Azteca cf. chartifex Forel (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Brazilian Amazonian Rainforest. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 60, 359–361.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rbe.2016.07.003

Deloya, C. (1988) Coleópteros lamellicornios asociados a depósitos de detritos de Atta mexicana (Smith) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) en el sur del estado de Morelos, México. Folia Entomológica Mexicana, 75, 77–91.

Endrodi, S. (1985) The Dynastinae of the World. Dr. W. Junk Publisher, Dordrecht, 800 pp.

Garcia, F.P., Rodrigues, S.R., Constante, C.A. & Silva de Oliveira, D. (2013) Survey of saproxylophagous Melolonthidae (Coleoptera) and some biological aspects in Aquidauana, MS. Biota Neotropica, 13, 38–43.
https://doi.org/10.1590/S1676-06032013000300004

Grossi, P.C. & Saltin, J.P. (2014) Description of the female of Phileurus bucculentus Ohaus, with new country records and remarks for Phileurus carinatus Prell (Coleoptera, Scarabaeoidea, Dynastinae). Insecta Mundi, 348, 1–16.

Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (2016) Sistema de Información y Gestión Agrometeorológico. Available from: http://siga2.inta.gov.ar/en/datoshistoricos (accessed 20 December 2016)

McCleve, S. (2007) Killer Phileurini or how come some diplos are hairy? Scarabs, 20, 1–20.

Morelli, E. (1990) Descripción de la larva y la pupa de Phileurus affinis Burmeister, 1847 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae). Algunas observasiones sobre su biologia y clave para la identificación de las larvas de tres especies de Phileurini del Uruguay. Elytron, 4, 131–137.

Morón, M.Á. (1987) Los estados inmaduros de Dynastes hyllus Chevrolat (Coleoptera: Melolonthidae: Dynastinae) con observaciones sobre su biología y crecimiento alométrico del adulto. Folia Entomologica Mexicana, 72, 33–74.

Morón, M.Á. & Ratcliffe, B.C. (1990) Description of Strategus larvae with a new key to species based on the larvae (Coleoptera: Melolonthidae: Dynastinae). Elytron, 4, 53–66.

Neita, J.C. & Ratcliffe, B.C. (2009) Description of the adult female, larva, pupa and distribution of Strategus fascinus (Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae: Oryctini). The Coleopterists Bulletin, 63, 367–379.
https://doi.org/10.1649/1179.1

Neita, J.C. & Ratcliffe, B.C. (2010) A new species of Hemiphileurus Kolbe (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae: Phileurini) from Colombia, with description of its larva and pupa. The Coleopterists Bulletin, 64, 347–355.
https://doi.org/10.1649/0010-065X-64.4.347

Neita, J.C. & Ratcliffe, B.C. (2011) Immature stages of Homophileurus tricuspis Prell (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae: Phileurini) with notes on natural history and distribution in Colombia. Zootaxa, 2915, 20–28.

Ocampo, F.C. & Morón, M.Á. (2004) Description of the third instar larva of Hemiphileurus dispar kolbe (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae: Phileurini). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 106, 412–416.

Ratcliffe, B.C. (2011) A review of the species of Phileurus Latreille (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: dynastinae: Phileurini) with quadridentate protibiae and description of a new species from Panama. The Coleopterists Bulletin, 65, 125–129.
https://doi.org/10.1649/072.065.0203

Ratcliffe, B.C. & Cave, R.D. (2006) The dynastine scarab beetles of Honduras, Nicaragua, and El Salvador (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae). Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum, 21, 1–424.

Ratcliffe, B.C. & Cave, R.D. (2015) The dynastine scarab beetles of the West Indies (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae). Bulletin of the University of Nebraska State Museum, 28, 1–346.

Ratcliffe, B.C. & Morón, M.Á. (1997) Dynastinae. In: Morón, M.Á., Ratcliffe, B.C. & Deloya, C. (Eds.), Atlas de los Escarabajos de México. Coleoptera: Lamellicornia. Volume 1. Familia Melolonthidae. Sociedad Mexicana de Entomología, Mexico City, pp. 53–98.

Ratcliffe, B.C. & Skelley, P.E. (2011) Description of the larva of Homophileurus integer (Burmeister, 1847) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae: Phileurini), with notes on biology and a key to the known larvae of New World Phileurini. The Coleopterists Bulletin, 65, 297–304.
https://doi.org/10.1649/072.065.0311

Ritcher, P.O. (1966) White Grubs and Their Allies. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, Oregon, 219 pp.

Vanin, S.A., Costa, C. & Fontes, L.R. (1983) Larvae of Neotropical Coleoptera. VI Scarabaeidae, Dynastinae, Phileurini. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, São Paulo, 35, 55–72.

Velázquez, J., Joly, L.J., García, J.L., Romero, Y., González, M. & Medina, M. (2006) Enemigos naturales del “Picudo del Agave” Scyphophorus acupunctatus Gyllenhal (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) en el Estado Falcón, Venezuela. Entomotropica, 21, 185–193.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4290.3.10

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand