Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Taxonomic revision of Perdita subgenus Heteroperdita Timberlake (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae), with descriptions of two ant-like males

ZACHARY M. PORTMAN, JOHN L. NEFF, TERRY GRISWOLD

Abstract


Perdita subgenus Heteroperdita Timberlake, a distinctive subgenus of 22 species from the southwestern United States and adjacent Mexico, all specialists on Tiquilia (Boraginaceae), is revised. Nine new species are described: Perdita (Heteroperdita) desdemona Portman, sp. n., P. (H.) exusta Portman & Griswold, sp. n., P. (H.) hippolyta Portman & Griswold, sp. n. (male previously incorrectly described as P. pilonotata Timberlake), P. (H.) hooki Portman & Neff, sp. n., P. (H.) nuttalliae Portman, sp. n., P. (H.) prodigiosa Portman & Griswold, sp. n., P. (H.) sycorax Portman, sp. n., P. (H.) titania Portman & Griswold, sp. n., and P. (H.) yanegai Portman, sp. n. The following sexes are associated and described for the first time: the male of P. (H.) frontalis Timberlake, 1968, the female of P. (H.) optiva Timberlake, 1954, and the true male of P. (H.) pilonotata Timberlake, 1980. Perdita (H.) fasciatella Timberlake, 1980 is proposed as a junior synonym of P. (H.) sexfasciata Timberlake, 1954. A neotype is designated for P. (H.) pilonotata Timberlake, 1980. Two species in particular, P. prodigiosa and P. pilonotata, are sexually dimorphic with distinctive ant-like males. Information is presented on floral relationships, phenology, and geographic distribution. Identification keys for males and females are provided.

 


Keywords


Hymenoptera, Apoidea, new species, Tiquilia, synonymy, identification

Full Text:

PDF (96MB)

References


Cockerell, T.D.A. (1896) The bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 48, 25–107.

Cockerell, T.D.A. (1898) New bees from New Mexico. The Canadian Entomologist, 30, 146–148.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4039/Ent30146-6

Cockerell, T.D.A. (1916) New and little known bees from California. Journal of Entomology and Zoology, 8, 43–64.

Cockrell, T.D.A. (1923) Two nocturnal bees and a minute Perdita. American Museum Novitates, 66, 1–4.

Cockerell, T.D.A. (1924) Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences to the Gulf of California in 1921. The bees (II). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, fourth series, 12, 529–560.

Cresson, E.T. (1872) Hymenoptera texana. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 4, 153–292.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/25076272

Cresson, E.T. (1878) Descriptions of new North American Hymenoptera in the collection of the American Entomological Society. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 7, 61–136.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/25076368

Danforth, B.N. (1989) Nesting behavior of four species of Perdita (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 62 (1), 59–79.

Danforth, B.N. (1991) The morphology and behavior of dimorphic males in Perdita portalis (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 29 (4), 235–247.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00163980

Danforth, B.N. (1996) Phylogenetic analysis and taxonomic revision of the Perdita subgenera Macrotera, Macroteropsis, Macroterella, and Cockerellula (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). The University of Kansas Science Bulletin, 55 (16), 635–692.

Danforth, B.N. (1999) Emergence dynamics and bet hedging in a desert bee, Perdita portalis. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 266 (1432), 1985–1994.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1999.0876

Danforth, B.N. & Neff, J.L. (1992) Male polymorphism and polyethism in Perdita texana (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 85 (5), 616–626.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aesa/85.5.616

Eickwort, G. (1977) Aspects of the nesting biology and descriptions of immature stages of Perdita octomaculata and P. halictoides (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 50 (4), 577–599.

Griswold, T. (1993) New species of Perdita (Pygoperdita) Timberlake of the P. californica species group (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 69 (2), 183–189.

Griswold, T., Andres, M., Andrus, R., Garvin, G., Keen, K., Kervin, L., Messinger, O., Messinger, S., Miller, W., Receveur, K., Shultz, C., & Tepedino, V. (1999) A survey of the rare bees of Clark County, Nevada. Final report, The Nature Conservancy, Las Vegas, NV.

Griswold, T., Higbee, S. & Messinger, O. (2006) Pollination ecology final report for biennium 2003, Clark County, Nevada (2004-2005). USDA-ARS Bee Biology and Systematics Laboratory, Utah State University, Logan, UT.

Griswold, T. & Miller, W. (2010) A revision of Perdita (Xerophasma) Timberlake [sic] (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). Zootaxa, 2517, 1–14.

Griswold, T.L. & Parker, F.D. (1988) New Perdita (Perdita) oligoleges of Mentzelia, with notes on related species of the Ventralis Group. Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 64 (1), 43–52.

Michener, C.D. (2007) The Bees of the World. Second Edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland, 953 pp.

Michener, C.D. & Rozen, J.G. (1999) A new ground-nesting genus of xeromelissine bees from Argentina and the tribal classification of the subfamily. American Museum Novitates, 3281, 1–10.

Minckley, R.L., Cane, J.H. & Kervin, L. (2000) Origins and ecological consequences of pollen specialization among desert bees. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 267 (1440), 265–271.

Moore, M.J. & Jansen, R.K. (2006) Molecular evidence for the age, origin, and evolutionary history of the desert plant genus Tiquilia (Boraginaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 39 (3), 668–689.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2006.01.020

Neff, J.L. (2003) A distinctive new Perdita species (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Andrenidae) from west-central Texas associated with Salvia (Lamiaceae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 79 (1), 66–70.

Neff, J.L. (2010) A new species of Perdita (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae) from central Texas associated with the Rubiaceae. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 83 (2), 134–140.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2317/JKES0910.05.1

Norden, B.B., Krombein, K.V., Deyrup, M.A. & Edirisinghe, J.P. (2003) Biology and behavior of a seasonally aquatic bee, Perdita (Alloperdita) floridensis Timberlake (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae: Panurginae). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 76, 236–249.

Packer, L. (2005) A new species of Geodiscelis (Hymenoptera: Colletidae: Xeromelissinae) from the Atacama Desert of Chile. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 14 (1), 84–91.

Packer, L. & Dumesh, S. (2014) Two new species of Geodiscelis Michener & Rozen (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Colletidae) with a phylogenetic analysis and subgeneric classification of the genus. Zootaxa, 3857 (2), 275–291.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3857.2.7

Portman, Z.M., Griswold, T. & Pitts, J.P. (2016) Association of the female of Perdita (Xeromacrotera) cephalotes (Cresson), and a replacement name for Perdita bohartorum Parker (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). Zootaxa, 4097 (4), 567–574.
http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4097.4.8

Rozen, J.G. (1967) Review of the biology of panurgine bees, with observations on North American forms (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae). American Museum Novitates, 2297, 1–44.

Rozen, J.G. (1993) Nesting biologies and immature stages of the rophitine bees (Halictidae) with notes on the cleptoparasite Biastes (Anthophoridae) (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). American Museum Novitates, 3066, 1–28.

Smith, F. (1853) Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part 1: Andrenidae and Apidae. British Museum, London, 197 pp.

Stage, G.I. (1966) Biology and systematics of the American species of the genus Hesperapis Cockerell, Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.

Timberlake, P.H. (1953) Bees of the genus Perdita in the collection of the University of Kansas (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). The University of Kansas Science Bulletin, 35 (7), 962–985.

Timberlake, P.H. (1954) A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific Coast (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Part I. University of California Publications in Entomology, 9 (6), 345–432.

Timberlake, P.H. (1956) A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific Coast (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Part II. University of California Publications in Entomology, 11 (5), 247–350.

Timberlake, P.H. (1958) A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific Coast (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Part III. University of California Publications in Entomology, 14 (5), 303–410.

Timberlake, P.H. (1960) A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific Coast (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Part IV. University of California Publications in Entomology, 17 (1), 1–156.

Timberlake, P.H. (1962) A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific Coast (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Part V. University of California Publications in Entomology, 28 (1), 1–124.

Timberlake, P.H. (1964) A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific Coast (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Part VI. University of California Publications in Entomology, 28 (2), 125–388.

Timberlake, P.H. (1968) A revisional study of the bees of the genus Perdita F. Smith, with special reference to the fauna of the Pacific Coast (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Part VII. University of California Publications in Entomology, 49, 1–196.

Timberlake, P.H. (1980) Supplementary studies on the systematics of the genus Perdita (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae). Part II. University of California Publications in Entomology, 85, 1–65.

Torchio, P.F. (1975) The biology of Perdita nuda and descriptions of its immature forms and those of its Sphecodes parasite (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 48 (3), 257–279.

US NPID. (2016) U. S. National pollinating insect database, US Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service, Bee Biology and Systematics Laboratory, Logan, Utah. [Accessed April 2016.]

Wilson, J.S., Griswold, T., & Messinger, O.J. (2008) Sampling bee communities (Hymenoptera: Apiformes) in a desert landscape: are pan traps sufficient? Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 81 (3), 288–300.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4214.1.1

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 
ISSN 1175-5326 (Print Edition) & ISSN 1175-5334 (Online Edition)
Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand