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New species of the genus Encyonema (Cymbellales, Bacillariophyta) from the Descoberto River Basin, Central-western Brazil

Weliton Jose da Silva, Maria das Gracas Machado de Souza


Two new species of Encyonema are described from Central-western Brazil, bringing the total number of species in this genus recorded in Brazil to 45. Encyonema menezesiae has lanceolate valves with the ends subcapitate to rostrate-capitate, whereas E. candangense has linear valves with indistinct ends. The two species show deep alveoli, linear foramina, and densely areolate striae. These characteristics, together with the narrow valves, distinguish E. menezesiae and E. candangense from related taxa. The new species occurred in slightly acid and mostly oligotrophic waters. Similar aquatic environments in this region are being drastically affected by the use of biocides and fertilizers for agriculture. The description of these two species and their ecological preferences may provide useful information for the preservation of aquatic systems and their communities in Brazil.


Encyonema, Cymbellales, Bacillariophyta, Central-western Brazil, New species

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ISSN 1179-3155 (print); ISSN 1179-3163 (online)

Published by Magnolia Press, Auckland, New Zealand